What happens when we build big? Julia Barton remembers going to the top floor of Dallas’s then-new city hall when she was teenager. The building, designed by I.M. Pei, is a huge trapezoid jutting out over a wide plaza. Julia … Continue reading →
This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
We get support from you, see Davis, globally, ranked university working to solve the world's most pressing problems in food, energy, health, education and the environment. You see Davis, researchers, collaborate and innovate in California in around the globe, define transformational solutions it. A part of the universities mission to promote quality of life for all thanks find out more twenty first century dot, you see Davis die each year. This is ninety nine percent, invisible, I'm roman Mars. We're Barton has been thinking about what happens when we build big, maybe because she grew up and down go, go eighties, big football arenas, big freeways, big houses, Texans love, big Dallas build a new city hall and nineteen. Seventy eight designed by I am pay its huge trap avoid getting over a wide plaza. It's kind of weird shit
but upside down to the widest enlarges floors on the top. When I was a kid, sometimes I'd go up to the top floor of city hall with my friends: that's where the vending machines were. They stopped my favorite candy bar kara mellow. Then we'd set by the windows in chocolate and looking down over the plaza- and I think wow. This is so cool, but later in high school Julia Winter protests down below in the plaza and thus City Hall Windows were now hulking over us. We could see, are tiny reflections in the glass it made me feel like a nobody, and that this whole event was a waste of time and The big things in my environment seem to be saying the same thing I'm important year. Nobody, so Julia developed a mistrust of the big building, the big project and places where people seem to love.
Worry of the green and use, but I'm also fascinated by those kinds of places. I can't stay away from them case. In point Russia, the biggest country in the world, makes Texans look like amateurs totally. The Russians are real prose and the department of tall towering and human, and not just from the soviet past, Europe's tallest skyscraper. Ninety three stories is going up right now in Moscow, though they had to stop for a while and the sixth and seventh floor after it clarifies Russia's southernmost cities. Sochi is the biggest construction site in Europe. That's because such is hosting the winter Olympics, and twenty fourteen burgo rhythm massages was so headed down there to check it out.
When on a two hour, bus ride from Sochi, centre on the Black Sea, up to the foothills of the Caucasus, where their building ski resort and maybe on that whole ride. There were a couple of five minutes stretches where I wasn't looking at a crane or a new hotel or abridge, going up on a reasonable meetings. Loop of Jacques Emission earnestly Christie. I also met this man named Alec sake. Tributes he's lived all his life in a cinder block. How by the black sea. The city wants to tear it down for new rail yard. They ve already demolish the rest of his neighborhood, but caveats has appealed his eviction in court. He says construction workers come up every day to scrape is walls with back home to scare him whose work is worth a neutral pursued show some of those we never
asked the government, for any thing is what prevents a saying, and now the government wants to take everything away from us he's painted slogans and red paint on his windows. Things like people live here and, as so s, sometimes construction workers throw rocks through the windows they fallen, shards of cyrillic all over the floor big, crushing small. That story always seems to play itself out wherever there's a massive development, but there's a theory that big buildings don't just hurt little people they may in fact hurt the builders of those buildings to There is the well known fact and real estate that the great buildings tend to know up at the end of the cycle when everything is about to turn. That's a critic and philosophy,
Edward tenor. While I was in Russia this last time, I found an essay on line that he wrote in two thousand one. The Xanadu effect Xanadu effect is what I called the appearance of the big building the big structure at the time I'm when things are starting to go south tenor sites. This idea, known as the skyscraper curse, that tall buildings correlate with bad times. So, for instance, the Empire state building was conceived in the nineteen twenties. But not finished until the great depression when it was known as the empty stable in the sea. Tower and the World Trade Center both opened in nineteen. Seventy three on the verge of another economic crisis,
People who run the NASDAQ exchange built the world's largest video display on times square in ninety. Ninety nine, just a few months before the dot com bubble burst and the NASDAQ crashed. Xanadu effect is a symptom of people over reaching over planning. Thinking that everything's gonna go on forever. When it's about to turn the other way, I found tenors theory a little comforting, I think Olivia Newton Johns Xanadu as one of the biggest songs ever written. I see what you're trying to do their Julia and it's not going to work. No living anyone, John, but courage. I will allow insanity did Kublai Khan a stately pleasure, dome decree.
Actually tenor was thinking of the movie citizen, Kane and Keynes Palace, Xanadu, ok, the rose, but it was a sledge. So just a citizen Kane built his palace while his empire crumbled, the big project can be a big bad distraction. Tenor goes through several examples of this entity effect in his original esa, but there are plenty of instances of big projects that don't presage any kind of crash tenor sites. The example of caste Gilberts, Woolworth Building, which went up and a boom time my teeth, her team and certainly didn't hurt the wars company and it turned to say where these gigantic state driven projects, I feel limping financiers, editing plus there are plenty of critics who argue that building. Much less bigness in general cannot accurately predict a downturn at all. Business is a strategy that just about always fails unless it succeeds.
You can say as one that that always succeeds, except when it fails and theirs We know one way that you can work ardent you. You have to see it as a as a very powerful easy, too misuse, but also tempting way to go about things in life, so this entity effect might not provide that come up and that Julia desires resides in any sort of downturn. The little person is still the one most likely to suffer. I guess the success or failure of bigness really does depend on where you stand in relation to it. Are you on top of city, home or down below big places, just amplifier reactions? I went to a protest in Moscow where we marched down one of the city's wide soviet era boulevards. Ordinarily, I hate these boulevards because you can actually cross them. You have to find a pedestrian tunnel. Unlike sneak underneath
but for a few hours, maskos oppressive bigness became hours. The wide road, those Stalin era, skyscrapers and block long institutes, it all made us feel bigger to those freezing, cold people smile everybody is that's my friend Vasili sunken. He grew up in Moscow, but he'd. Never experience his grandiose city like this as a grandiose stage for political expression, the where the crowd, Transformed the National Mall in Washington DC or the sums we say in Paris and even for ten or says: that's what can be wonderful about bigness? It can elevate people give them a sense of pride and purpose
The lot of the positive side of our cities are the big buildings when their done well, New York without the Empire State Building Europe without the Chrysler Building New York without Rockefeller Centre, which would really be a poorer place. I keep thinking about Alex, hey caveats in its stand: Afric developers and such he sometimes he goes out and films. His confrontations with construction workers posted one of those films upon the Simpson. Invisible got word everyone speaking Russia, but it's not hard to understand what is going on. I have yet to put some of his things in a metal story, behind his house, the worker showed up with a huge craned hollered away, provides us through their work for him, a supervisor burly guy says we are building the elaborate facilities. They may hook up the crane while caveats shouts at them,
You can see a big building under construction behind them. That's a new train station which will taken millions of visitors during the Olympic Games. You can see the bones of what's maybe a soaring roof. A stately pleasure down a stately pleasure down. Joey Barton travelled most recently to Russia for Pierre Eyes, the world you can buy more restoring is Julia, a barn dot com. Yeah Ninety nine percent, invisible was produces week by Julia Barton with a little help for me, roman Mars. It's a project of K, L W ninety one point: seven local public radio in San Francisco, an American instead of architects in San Francisco,
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Transcript generated on 2020-02-15.