A high number of high school sports concussions. A low number of arrests for sexual assault. Reveal’s Reporting Network digs in.
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This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
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here we say, there's always more to the story and today we find. Out where some of those doors leaked through a project we launch called, reveals reporting network. More than eight hundred journalists have signed on we provide each of them with data and reporting techniques, so can see how stories we ve covered are playing out in their communities. Just after the Superbowl last February, we brought you a story about concussions in high school sports. We focused stand on organ reporter Lee Vanderveer at a simple question: how many high who athletes there get concussions. We asked for two years of these records from all the publication calls in Oregon. That's two hundred and thirty five schools and we looked which sports had a lot of concur. Tens at which schools where they had happened big districts are small ones, and we also just wanted who was following the law. Don't states enforce it
actually, no there's no enforcement mechanism, so at minimum we thought this could be a really good audit to people. Do this. If nobody checks at the end, it was really hard to be confident and how well the laws were being followed. Every state It has a law requiring the kid to bang up their heads playing sports in high school, get taken out of games or practice many say a medical professional has to clear them before they can play again. We found that these laws are designed to prevent individualism, It's from getting a second concussion they're, not set up to prevent concussions in the first place we want to know what organ had learned after a decade of pulling kids out of games because of headed juries, our showed something like six hundred concussions or suspected concussions over two years at schools that gave us and Good data use. Six hundred, not it is then a lot. We break it out its roughly fifty concussions per thousand athlete so anecdotally
is the person who enters those in a spreadsheet one by one? I can tell you that sometimes I really looks like a lot five per game for per game. Basal Liese experience. We made a list of questions that anyone could ask. To find out how their school handle head injuries more than a hundred and fifty people got on the list. Putting Michael Day Yolanda in Colorado, he's a reporter with care you and see public. I knew basically nothing. I dont cover sports. And if I can cover concussions at all, it's been through my military reporting using our guide as a starting point. Michael started asking school districts how they handle concussions. Eventually he met the man whose son became the name in face of coloradus. Concussion Michael takes a story from here
Take my computer overtook Kelly chance because she can't get an old video of her son to play. Sound. I set my laptop on a crowded table. Kelly works in a hostile We're in a small room there she's taking a break to meet with me. It's coming up Jake's video. What's he should be play. The sentimental music, makes Kelly smile photos of son as young teenager flash by already various number forty Jake's naked Burg doing what he loved playing foot all four grand you high school in Aurora Colorado barriers. Kelly hasn't seen this video in years, but she knows every beat she
the Indian and adjusts your glasses as pictures move by she so totally focused on the small screen that she seems to forget that I'm their Kelly's looking for something here's, and yet this is about her son barrels through defenders to score attach down. It's not the touch down the Kelly's, been waiting to see it's. The big grin on Jake's face slightly hidden by his helmet, a mixture of humbleness enjoy. This is always Jake's naked bird forever. Fourteen years old. Some of these images are from the day he died in two thousand and four eyes dismissed his heart. He loved what he did. I knew it is known that it is now if she just known more about concussions in the week before his death Jake had complained,
of tingling hands after a hit in a football game. It didn't, team serious, but it turned out to be apparently his brain had been hurt too, so when he got hit again in the next game, his brain swelled up so much that it killed him. This double concussion is called second impact and Rome, but Kelly had never heard of it. Even though she's a nurse and her husband a doctor back, then they knew football could be dangerous. Just not this dangerous. We didn't Now how great the consequences could be. We didn't tell me Kelly had no idea of this sort of thing was common. She didn't you No, how often other high school athletes got concussions and without that big picture information. Looking back, she felt she couldn't make a good decision about whether to let her son play its heart
you know what I've yanked amount of football, but she did no bits. Something had to change so other kids wooden die playing high school sports. It took over six years Kelly joined forces with school and sports officials and got the Ear of then State Senator Nancy, Spence, Jake State Hinder was a constituent. A fine a student at grand view high school? I didn't know him and I didn't know his family, but his mother came to me and asked me if I would be willing to carry the bill will be helping, however, this committee will come to order in a pact state capital here, room in February of twenty eleven Kelly gents made her case. She told senators they can
save lives by passing a law requiring coaches, the poor young athletes out of play. If they heard their heads heading a guideline to return to pray, then the message to everyone to cultural heritage and the kid at the consequences of a concussion must be taken seriously. Support was widespread, parents, players, coaches, even Joe Brown, atop, an NFL executive and Billy Thompson. The former damper Broncos defensive back, showed up Senator Spence, a republican easily found allies in her own party. The motion that can then Adele, pretty all those in favour today, I, although the poet no, as well as among Democrats all the way up to the governor who signed it got forty path,
Colorado's youth concussion law is similar to origins and every other states around the country. Athletes suspected of A concussion must be pulled out of practice or competition almost Every law says they can't return until a medical professionals says it's ok in writing. Colorado's logos further than many, because it covers athletes as young as eleven twelve and wreck leagues, not just schools. The law passed with strong port, but not without a warning from then State Senator Sean Mitchell, another Republican. He said there was a way to make sure the law would make a difference. No way too. Anyone accountable for safety. They had no key there's no enforcement provision, there's no penalty provision. You're, not even a reporting provision. No state laws like this require any one to keep track of concussions, so, like Lee found in Oregon it's hard to be confident how well Colorado's laws being followed. I got on the phone
with a guy who had helped shape the law back then now, not Bert Boardman lobbies for the Colorado, high School activities association. We call it Chaska, they make the regulations. High school sports. He remembers the goal. When writing the law was to ensure kids, who got hurt, stop playing, not the count, how many kids get hurt. We were looking for. Educational resources that we can provide to help get them into the appropriate treatment as necessary what kinds of things under Colorado law, coaches get educated their required to take a concussion training course every year, but because there is no requirement to to keep track of head injuries is almost impossible to see how that training translates to the field. How many kids get pulled from play, which sky rules or teams have the most head injuries, former centre
her spent says. That would be a lot to ask and I don't think there's a way you could trace that every coach of every sport of every kid from eleven to eighteen is difficult, but we found a way to start using reveals pocket guide, plus the Colorado open. The Kurds act, and I showed the senator what we found. Six thousand concussions thousand the records we got showed that Colorado students were pulled out of play for head injuries, six thousand times. That number spans, though asked five years, but the true number must be much higher, because we only got good data from six school districts that six out of one hundred and seventy eight districts in Colorado and that the big school districts in rural, eminent Metro, dim, varying five, larger school districts rather larger
Jerry Creek didn't agreed damper because they give you any data. Denver is the largest district in the state. They told me that athletic too Nor is each school have head injury information, but they dont Tracker report. Any injuries publicly other districts told us they don't even keep track of concussions, but every district we spoke to says it takes head injuries seriously. I show the data I have to DAWN Comstock, a national concussion guru, love love, love it. Whenever anybody collects data dancers, search for at the University of Colorado's School of public health. She runs a big database that analyzes youth sports head injuries collected from sampling of schools around the country, the two thus in my office and were squinting tiny type on my computer screen he's getting two weeks ago. We find it It is you, men were looking at it
heart from one school district. Italy's up the number of times, students were pulled with head injuries and that's the school schooling year. So this would be chairing Creek Cherry Creek schools, it's one of the states largest districts and its where Jake's naked bird play football. We see football here, yeah, that's what you expect from us. She became these things I've missed this big Harry beast. In other words, football has the most head: injuries that pulled kids out of games, one third of the total in Cherry Creek schools, decide whether a student has had a concussion. They leave that to medical professionals. And even then its both in art and science. Football is not the only Harry Beast that dog
checking the girl sucker play soccer so usual soccer. So so we expect it to be just a little bit higher than boys sat looks like India, so that's pretty similar to what we expect. Here's the thing about numbers: they have the power to make athletes safer, they can catch things, coaches or players might never think of like it. What age heading the ball is safer and soccer or how often football team should have full contact practice. Don gets very detailed information from the high schools where she does research like, where the court or feel did the injury happen. Has this Odin had a similar injury before what kind of drills does the
ouch regularly run. We ask in recent weeks how many days this week did you and culture for content girls. They should not have more than three. She found the concussion rates and football went down by twenty percent nationally after teams limited for contact practices, even though not all schools did it. So, if all discuss with father recommendation, the effectiveness of this intervention would even bear while Well, it's amazing how epidemiology can help us. We can do some fun things. Don looks only at numbers, aggregated from different high schools in different places. The six thousand suspected concussions that I found all track back to specific Colorado school districts, but because each district collects different information, if any at all, we can't digging, like dawn, does for example, we can't see whether coaches run drills that regularly put players at a high risk without good, consistent local numbers Don says they're just camp
a real accountability right now, because we don't have good enough data to really do school to school direct comparisons. I think that means that we need to avoid pointing blame at any individual school dawn, says: state high school activities. Associations have the power to require schools to collect useful local data in Colorado. Again, that's Chaska Chasin needs to take care for either voting recommendations or actually installing requirements for evidence based interventions which either have proven to be effective, the F strong probability of being effective, so what is travelling I go to Chaska headquarters, it's a small building across from condo complex and Aurora, I'm busting through. Security door Jen? see leg and once inside
meat, Jen Roberts, you League and the assistant commissioner, a Chaska I ask her: should they require schools to track concussions? Should they do it in a way that would let people can pair schools or coaches, which ass a dance or advice for a state law or of some sort or make it function. That's a great class, I mean to say you have to do this, and if you do this, you can't play. I think, before we could go down that road. We definitely have to make sure we have it very lined out what we're looking for. She says a chance committee is starting to explore the idea I now Colorado law makes students who might have a concussion stop playing until there aired by a medical professional. It doesnt try to measure how well that working or find ways to over the number of heading trees had happened or hold anyone accountable for
going either of those things I take the records I dug up to cherry Creek. Schools. Larry Bull is the athletic. The record we calculated that about three percent of cherry creeks athletes were pulled out of play for headings each of the past three years, that's roughly similar to other Colorado districts with enough data to compare, but it's about three times as high as Michigan. The only state that collects and publishes comprehensive, concussion number, the wrong number is seven hundred and twenty one head injury century creek over three years. I ask Leary ball what he thinks about that now ass. You say so I flung dusk, I would have to do. I dont have a memorized that I would have to go back, but he looks overall,
I pay for work and finally agreed the districts. Data is accurate. Tell us probably right, maybe Andrews shocked, shocked at the number of suspected concussions in his own district. In addition to the Big Harry beast of, football. Almost nine percent were in girls soccer more than seven percent were in cheerleading, even from the boy sick information. Cherry creek, provided I can see head injuries, climbed steadily up almost twelve percent in three years: Those calculations are simple. They didn't take me long to do so. Why should cherry creek put these numbers out every year for parents, students in any one else to see. Do you support the olive releases, Yes, yes, yes, what is the yes? We are not opposed to this data being public debt, Tabby Smith, whose also sitting at the table she's the distance.
Director of communications. If the public must allow great, but it had come up with foreign put it out there and make it something that everybody has, but I think there's there's what is going to be used with that there were not how's that have agree on publishing that somehow, without some sort of state requirement or something that groups canter suggest, would be a recommendation that would make it they have no plans to do that now? But if you want to ask your school district for head injury numbers like I did text head to for seventy four thousand seven hundred and forty seven that's head twenty four thousand, seven hundred and forty seven or seven will send you a shortlist to get. You started not just about numbers but concussion policies in Cherry Creek, poetic director Larry Bull says he sure high school athletes are
safer than they were a generation ago because of Jake's naked bergs death on the football field in two thousand and four. Yes, the secondary law has made a difference. How two percent made a difference? one big change. Bull says people are watching for concussions. Now anyone can step up until a school official. They think player has a head injury like many districts and the state Cherry Creek follows a gradual returned to play protocol. So athletes have the time to hear so. On freezing Friday night I go to watch the last regular season. Cherry creek, high school football game there playing grand view the team, the Jake's naked bird was on the game somewhat like the video I was watching with his mom Kelly same White, blue and black uniforms is fifteen years ago. Seem songs from the band seem happy
and I don't see any brutal hits or anyone. Pulled out, but it still tackle football Kelly. Chance law Jake in an ordinary game like this, and I watched and take a pretty hard hit and warm Psych one that cut my aunt Then, during the game he line an he sat and then he fell forward. And he, on time, It is trying to get you to tell some wasn't right any turned to come. Silent any went down hours, habitat Kelly says the Colorado law was an important change, but she wants more three years ago took her son story to Washington Dc Haired for those in his life. He had a joy about em.
We told the House Committee gathering Research on youth sports concussions that parents, schools, coaches and students need comprehensive data. There's been a bill to do that, languishing in Congress, since twenty fifteen Kelly, thinks numbers might eventually a race that disbelief. She still runs into still feel like. This item doesn't happen, and then you know well what happened g That's so rare, and you know, there's still there's still a culture out there can about up again. Kelly was a surprise. Anyone by the six thousand head injuries we uncovered, but in, big number. She see some good. Six thousand kids were hurt. Them pulled out of play to heal, she's glad of that It fills so good to know
maybe in those six thousand, maybe maybe there's some kids who avoided long term loans were suffering lay like Jake it means the world thanks to Michael Day, one of a when we come back. Our colleagues in Kentucky had a look at some data we put together on sexual assault and they discovered a surprising story about how prosecutors and police in law data we put together or sexual assault and they discovered a surprising story about how prosecutors and police and lawful deal with red cases. I don t care if I come out what's here by yourself, or somebody else and urgent. There is like five or six officers, and I was really nervous, like even open the door to them. That's
next on reveal from the centre for investigative reporting and p r exe Let it today were hearing stories. They came out of reveals reporting network. That's when other news organisations follow up on our investigations in their own communities. Last year we looked in whether police were really doing as well as they say they are when it comes to catching rapes. We found that in Austin, Texas police were telling city officials that they were clearing lots of rape cases and were fortunate that we do exceed the national averages on all categories. That's primarily back in twenty sixteen overtime,
fortunate that we do exceed the national averages on all categories, that's primarily back in twenty. Sixteen at the time ah, since assistant chief, he was telling the public Safety Commission how well his department was doing when it came to quit. Bring some serious crimes, as you can see, with the homicide, the rapes, all three categories of robberies lumped together, usually These call a case cleared if they ve solved a crime or rested someone, but Reporting with newsy improve public. I found Events were clearing rape cases without arresting anyway, they were using something called exceptional clearance. We asked Mc David to explain it he's a former commander of the sex crimes unit in Philadelphia in the Shops clearance means that you know to cry you're able to prove crime occurred. You have a victim You know where the person is and who they are the defendant it either the prosecutor does want to prosecute or doesn't want to go forward. Kids, you use,
sectional clearance if the suspect had left the country may be or died in official at the Department of Justice told us, exceptional clearance is supposed to be used sparing, but we found police using it again and again here sexual saw cases and that made it look like they were getting a lot more rape is off the street. Then they really were reporter. Eleanor cleared off used our data as apart, of her investigation into her. The level Kentucky Police Department handled sexual assault cases, Eleanor works for the Kentucky Centre for investigative reporting a global public media and she joins me now. What you and your colleagues? Fine, when you looked at levels data. So when that data first came out, my colleague, Jacob Brian and I notice that level had the sixth highest rate of rape cases being cleared by exception rather than by arrest. So we started looking into it a year ago and almost immediately when we asked the Louvre Metro Police for comment, others
what's happening illegal. I mean by clearing these cases by exception. There saying they know who alot of accused rapists are, and they have problems caused, will rest them, but they're, not in level. Almost half of all rate cases are clear, I mean by clearing these cases by exception. There saying they know who alot of accused rapists are, and they have problems caused to arrest them, but they're, not in level almost half of all rate cases are cleared by exception, instead generally because a prosecutor decline the case before an arrest was made. Why would a prosecutor decline the case before the rest with me right so level? Police take every rate case to the prosecutor before they make an arrest. So the prosecutor gets a screen that case before the arrest is made, and what we found is that they often bring them these cases very early in the investigation. So the prosecutor declines the case. The police don't make an arrest, but they still get to clear the case by exception in Newport
has called dig universal woman, who was already traumatized by a sexual assault and when the police get involved, the envy sagacious seems to go back from the start right there. Mrs Jensen, auto she agreed. This is her name in the story because she wants to know what she's been through The two that story now, but before we get started, we should warn listeners that it she's a medical device rap back in January, twenty eighteen. She came to Louisville to overseas. Jensen, auto lived in Northern Indiana she's forty two with three kids at home, she's, a medical device Rep back in January, two thousand and eighteen. She came to Louisville to oversee a surgery involving one of the devices she sells when she got into town and she met the surgeon.
At stake house for dinner. You just untouched by the case, trouble shooting who's gonna do what the next day after dinner Jen went back to the merrier hotel where she was staying. She stopped at the bar for a glass of wine. She opened her laptop to review the next day, surgical case when I started talking to her three members going outside for a cigarette with him. At one point, two members it tasting funny. She remembers him pushing the bar tender to poor, more wine, and then she says. She can't remember much, but she says when she came to. She was in her hotel room, and so was the man from the bar. I was. Screaming at him. What happened? What happened while others blood here I mean I'm panicking I just member him, pudding catchy pale fun and, like you in the movies. There's something literally running out the door He was
Three o clock in the morning on a Wednesday when Lugal Metro, police officer Jeremy right arrived at the merry out hotel with five other officers for man and one woman right was wearing a body, camera always open door There is like five or six officers, and am- I was really like nervous, like even open the door to them. I don T care. If I come here was gone, near by yourself or somebody else, energy. So what's going on, I just remember. Walking backwards, like only God wiring, I'm coming in, and I was I remember speaking really quickly like I was trying to tell them what had happened, but I was also China put together. What had happened conference at the bar
guy. Then I have no idea what is happening. You feel like you. Boys entering new got ass long ass. I was going to ask those yet checked out There was a wine glass eye the tv and that one officer like an appointed to it in saying something like and pertinent- and I understand you ve been dragging tonight Listen to me? No bicycles, Brain injury: now it was wine and right away. He was like even about drink. Listen,
Then, let's drink homophobia Jen asks to talk to the female officer alone in the hallway officer right talks to the other male cops and a hotel employing probably she's drew. Would you leave a lot to do in the home? crossword, probably have more than they should have an invite people back to the room, and then they say they got raped right, told them. It sounds like it was consensual to a point at the hospital there were signs of island with Jen's medical records, and that night document is just
being a nurse and multiple lacerations in her vagina. Jens has, she later discovered at her. Tailbone was dislocated and her breast implant had ruptured. She also had a blood test that showed her blood alcohol content was over. The legal limit for driving the toxicology screen was not comprehensive enough to determine whether she'd been drugged a year and a half later, Lugal Metro, police, clear Jens case not by arrest but by exceptional cases, can be cleared by exception, only when police have identified a suspect, they know where that person is, and they have probable cause to sport arresting and prosecuting. This aspect, but something exceptional beyond their control, stops them injuns case that exceptional reason was the prosecutor in Louisville the police department. The LAPD asks prosecutors, whether they should arrest people suspected of rape assistant com
while the turning Christie Gray is a sex crimes prosecutor ingesting county? The difference I think, between our meeting Wantage restrictions is the such firms. Unit contacts are office about almost all of their cases. Where is a larger restrictions? The police will only bring cases that they think are vital. Or that they ve got into a certain level. In the investigation we found the police often bring those cases to prosecutors early in the process before they done much investigating and often prosecutors tell police. They don't intend to take the case to court. So please don't make an arrest in novel. In twenty seventeen, only fifteen percent of rape cases ended in an arrest. Research shows the national average is around twenty five percent
Essentially it all comes down to whether or not as a prosecutor. I believe that the evidence supports our burden, which is beyond reasonable doubt. It's not unusual for police and prosecutors to work closely uncomplicated cases, but rape is the only crime move or police handle. This way less than two percent of all crimes reported and twenty seventeen were cleared by exception, because a prosecutor declined to take the case but more than forty percent of rape cases ended. That way, Gray said the main reason they declined rate cases is because their honouring a victim's wishes in an
in cases where we have a name suspect the victim has said what the investigation closed and so will scream the case in decline. Prosecution, mainly the request of the victim. The other main reason is that they don't think there's enough evidence to prove the case beyond reasonable doubt in court. I looked at the investigative record for every rate purported to move a police and twenty seventeen and case files for more than two dozen ass Lieutenant Shannon Water head of a special victims. Unit of the cases I looked at we ever viewed, these files, where only the victim was interviewed to suspect was never interviewed. No other investigative efforts were sure of undertakings and then the case with screen with a prosecutor. I am not going to allow you to act like my detectives are not thoroughly investigating cases, because it's gonna sound good for your article, that's reckless of you. It does
sir victims. For you to say that, and I don't appreciate at my detectives to a thorough job. Surely sometimes detectives due to a thorough job and sexual assault cases can be difficult to investigate what we found. Cases that are screened with a prosecutor for almost any investigation had been done. I talked with Jonathan Curl and an attorney adviser, an organization called Equitas. They help prosecutors get better at handling sexual violence cases, curling didn't common, unbelievable specifically, but he said prosecutors set the standard for what cases they'll take and sometimes they set that are too high, so the makin strange did through other disciplines, working sexual violence cases and if they don't think the prosecutors Gunnar approve it, they don't exert. The effort in may be fully investigating it detectives oh they're gonna, have to get these cases pass the prosecutor, even a patrol officer like Jeremy right on the night he was called to gender and others hotel room. You can
you're right speculating about whether the case will be strong enough? Where are they? strong. Unless we can believe one there oh video, to she's drunk. So we don't know how much we can believe out of her Jen picked up on his scepticism that night. Here's what she told the female officer when they were alone, yeah, maybe known as minor, like no local police spokespeople,
then the Jesse holiday said right in overstepped that night, because he still did everything he was supposed to. He called for sex crimes detectives and he got the victims, the hospital, but his approach had an effect on Jen. She didn't want to meet with a male detective. The came to the hospital where she was getting a rate kit, exam, Duval police, say Jen did meet with the detective, but that she told him she didn't want an investigation. Jan strongly disputes that claim, but because she didn't formally report police didn't interview the bartenders, it didn't try to find the guy she accused to get his. The story that night didn't gather any evidence, not the bloody sheets, not the wine glass, not the orange later Jane said the man left behind in her room from that first night, her case seemed destined to be declined by a prosecutor for a lack of evidence. But, unlike
Several cases I reviewed Jensen autos case did include a phone calls, the suspect, the man she shared a drink with at the hotel bar. My name is long Gyllenhammar. Detective reform, I trow police department. I got the audio of this phone call from Jens lawyer who got it through a subpoena. In civil court Jenny's alleging that the hotel was negligent in over serving her and failing to investigate and noise complaint about her room and that the man she says, raped her committed battery and afflicted emotional distress that night through his lawyer, demand declined to comment and said he maintains encounter was consensual. A lawyer for the Marianne did not return a request for comment. We aren't naming the man because he wasn't charged. That's all why you won't hear his voice during this call with detective Lynch. So ok, there's a female named answer not ill. Who says that she met you,
at the hotel bar there. Do you remember the subtle detective Lynch made this call in July, twenty eighteen, seven months after Jens initial police report,. Up until this moment. This man had no idea. He was the main suspect in a police investigation. Lynch tells him Jen has accused him of sexual assault. He insists nothing like that happened, five, hoping that you could tell me what did happen. He confirmed that he met Jen. He says she was very flirty pursuing him. He says she seemed Lupi like maybe she was on medication. They had a few drinks at the hotel bar and then went back to one of their rooms. He couldn't remember which- and he thinks they had sex. He says it was all consensual, so Detective Lynch floats new theory. I'm not positive! That ask something didn't happen. After Sheila,
around, he says that's what he was wondering to, but of course, police. Never look for any suspect that night, if there was another man, police didn't find him at this point. I don't really know I mean it doesn't make sense to me, so I dont know that an attorney or one of our common off attorneys do anything with it because normally, especially in cases like this, we need from them. That proves that there was a crime and I'm not sure. For that we have met that. In this case there was limited physical evidence from the hotel, because Jane was unwilling to talk the detective. After the way the patrol officers treated her the police didn. Do any other investigating that night they never interview Jen family members who she first told about the assault over the phone that night or the Person
hang in the next room, who called it annoys, complaints and in their first phone call with a suspect. Seven months later, the apparently gather no new details worth following up on because less than twenty four hours later, Lynch is calling him back. So I just got off the phone with Hamas attorney Kirsty Grey, and she and I both are under the impression that We do not think that it is a good case. He jumps in. Oh, my god, thank you. He tells Lynch he's been panicking all night and hired a lawyer. She tells him the commonest attorney only takes cases they can prove this isn't one of them. Of a hundred and ninety four waves reported to Louisville police in twenty. Seventeen thirty ended with an arrest. Just thirty In many ways, those thirty cases fit popular stereotypes of rate
serious injury or a gun involved the offenders, ranger or has a long history of domestic violence. There was an eye witness poor confession. It says here is subject to twenty eight twenty certitude. Did you strangled your girlfriend and eternal all subjected to sexual contact? You then pulled down her pants. The word he picked her up through to the ground and held her down and attempted to remove her pants stated that he would look. We want you to see. These cases could have come with serious jail time. Each count. A first degree raped comes with a sentence of ten to twenty years or twenty to fifty years. If the victim is under twelve or their serious injury,
often they didn't just cause cancer. One really catalyze ravens first rigs inside me in the first three has been dismissed the charge afraid one is gonna, be dismissed without prejudice. Almost all of these cases ended with a plea deal and in all, but four cases that plea came with them serious charges dropped at means? Out of a hundred? Ninety four cases of rape reported thirty led to an arrest, and only four of those ended in the conviction for rape
A plea deal isn't necessarily a bad thing: some were made of the victims request and somewhere in exchange for serious jail time. Often, though, these deals came was suspended, sentences or probation, which means the offender isn't in custody, but Lobo Prosecutor, Christie, Gray, says that's better than taking the case to trial and getting a not guilty verdict. I think a lot of his people commit these offences, believing that they're going to get and if they do in form of unequal, it think it makes them all the more dangerous police and prosecutors here say: screening, rape, cases before and arrest leads to stronger cases but it's not leading to more rate convictions or more prison time. Only ten of the people accused of rape and twenty seventeen and observing any time for anything would it is leading to is more rape, victims being told that no one will ever be arrested in their case? During our interview, I talk to you
it's an auto about that, and so, Eventually, I'm pretty close your case. Did they I'm hoping that? Ok, no, I'm sorry, I'm, like LAPD, had told Jens lawyers on her civil suit that a prosecutor declined the case. The lawyers thought Jan already knew, but she didn't she found out when I told her very disappointing. Unbelievable is corrupt. There is, it doesn't make sense. A thing now to clear case, by exception, local police,
rules and F B. I guidelines say they need probable cause to make an arrest. The local police later told me they didn't. Have probable caused, make an arrest engines case, but they cleared it by exception anyway, Rape is the most under reported crime in America. Federal statistics estimate lesson a quarter. All sexual assaults were reported to police in twenty. Eighty Elam pity, spokesperson, Jesse holiday, says: if people don't feel comfortable reporting, a rape, police and prosecutors are to blame. In fact, she thinks the fault lies with people like me. Journalists, the issues that make it difficult are that police are pitted as people who don't care and per trade as people who don't care.
And I think that is a big part of it. That stories like this will make it more difficult for women to come forward because they more trust police, beat as cases like this are difficult to prosecuted, but long before I started reporting on this levels, rate of reported, raped was already low, the fewest per capita among places that Louisville considers peer cities, some similar sized cities and more than twice as many rapes report in it,
That could mean level has fewer rebus or it could mean more of them are getting away with. It thinks it nor, given all, should bring in a sad story. It's about the first season of Dig LUCA gas from the Kentucky Centre for investigative reporting and local public media. When we come back, we look at the housing crisis in Silicon Valley, you're listening to reveal a vote. Therefore, investigative, reporting and p r eggs. This is reveal a mallet had been found, a comma son, but its company s less left asylum applicants,
must be spanish. Ilkka yours to meet on this summer, analyse speaking at a community form in I had a small ever theatre in Mountain view: California, the heart of Silicon Valley, it's a busy wheaten icon, the mayor of the city, is here and so on. Representative from one of the areas largest landowners in Google, Fellows Sohmer is a single mother afford and she has a question for tech giants like come along, so you better ices familiar. How are they going to help us? How are they going to protect us today? so my lives near downtown San Jose. But in the past do you know family have lived in a homeless, shelter, someone's garage, even her car, so she those how dramatic being displaced from your home can be, especially for kids. They ve been found. I think almost one? I that comical money that there's a lot of communities that have been displaced and how are we going to help our children, for example, in my case, to help my children
overcome the trauma that they had. How is this big? Take? Companies and I help the community and how are we going to help these families according to below the average house? about a million dollars in San Jose about double what it was a decade ago and its tech companies continue to grow. The housing market gets even tighter since the recession, silicon, Molly has added just one one: new housing unit for every six new jobs that are located here, unsustainable, is what they say unsustainable, but just how big role does the tech industry play reveal teamed up with newsrooms in San Francisco Bay area to find out in a project called who, on Silicon Valley after spending a year investigating the barrier newsgroup,
and be see Bay area cake. You Eddie public Radio, Renaissance Journalism and tell him under forty eight uncovered the biggest landowners in the county. Stanford university was number one of Alice, but four of the top ten would giant tech companies, including Apple and Google Finanza. Combating property is power. That's the biggest asset, the biggest source of wealth, but its os properties also very scarce worries. A candle was a rapporteur on the project with the Bay area Newsgroup so Another way to look at it is potentially. These are some of the companies that have the biggest opportunity to contribute, to building housing in the area. They have the land and they have the deep pockets. But historically nano tech companies have reached into those deep pockets, Gunsmoke away how high stakes, Steve, Steve jobs in the late apple CEO Twenty lax and he's at a Cooper, Tino City Council, meeting to discuss plans for new headquarters there, dubbed the spaceship quick question,
I think people are curious to know what this city residents can benefit from this new campus. Well, as you know, were the largest taxpayer in Cooper Tino. So we'd like to continue to stay here and pay taxes as number one. Ok, he made a clear as if we apple would not be offering any other help. Other large tat companies like facebooking. Google have had a slightly different approach earlier this year, both pledged a billion dollars towards the housing shortage and Google says it hopes to. Develop the area around the proposed new campus to include parks, bike paths and fifty nine hundred new homes, but they also want to add twenty five thousand new jobs? And that very we called her after the former here look at any given. In my view, money that she's worried the more take jobs will push rents even higher enforced people like her out of their homes, happiness,
classic question right is how much is enough. Some estimates of, say we need three point: five million new homes in California to fix our housing crisis. Who ultimately bears responsibility for what's going on? I think it a pencil you talk to based off of the conversations we ve been a part of through this process that John Myers digital special projects producer at NBC Bay Area in San Jose, who also worked on story you'll, see that local governments will want to talk bout. The responsibility of big tech, big tech, will want to talk about the responsibility of local governments. And we reached an impasse. I think it's safe to say and important to remember that so much of this valley is single family housing, those people vote, they elect people and if residents are apprehensive, two new housing developments in their neighborhood we're going to keep on seeing these struggles because nobody wants to budge, but someone did budge a week,
to destroy, broke apple, promised to put two point: five billion dollars towards housing. Teresa says it's a sign of the times ten years ago. You never would have seen s, but the situation has gotten so desperate, not only is there a lot of public pressure from housing advocates that also these companies are having a really hard time hiring because their employees can afford to live here either. So I think I just got to the point where they companies couldn't ignore it anymore. I wonder if they sped up the announcement after Matlin, maybe they were planning on like love, given another but the two and then suddenly this comes out. Like woke note, we do a day I give Maurice credit for it. So I'm not gonna dispute that then I give Maurice credit for
thanks a kick you redeem for providing us with audio from the community for we're always looking the team up with newsrooms. If your journalists who wants to work with reveal go to reveal news, dot, Org, slash Local Finally, today I want to bring him a body by Duncan he's reveals engagement reporter and by tat I mean so everyone, in today's YO, grew out of some type of collaboration across newsrooms you'll. These type of collaboration to become pretty essentially journalism in part, because in many cities local news is struggling yeah, it's pretty bad characters, some stats at! U real quick area, please it so the number of newsroom employees at U S. Newspapers fell by almost half between two thousand eight and twenty eight ten and newspaper circulation in the. U S is actually fallen every year for three decades it fell Levin,
percent between two thousand and sixteen and two thousand and seventeen alone is depressing, and obviously we know what that means for a lot of journalists said they don't have jobs in that affects families all of that. But what is it also mean for the larger public
It means that a lot of really important local stories aren't being told anything about what we're doing right now is often were telling these huge stories. These huge national stories that have a lot of local angles to them that end up just kind of getting lost in the next, because we have to sort of focus our reporting on a larger issue. We started thinking a lot about this dynamic in two thousand, a teen. We done a ton of reporting on rehab that were forcing people to work for free in exchange for treatment, and we kept running to the big problem. We had too much stuff too much stuff what it. What does that mean documents interviews, data plus every time we released one of these stories we hear from dozens of other people in other states telling us you gotta check out this rehab, so quickly became clear that we basically have two options: Our rapporteur is, could spend the rest of their lives reporting on this issue, or we can figure out how to share what we had. This kind of how investigated reporting goes right. You, you start with super wide lens, and then you have to know
throw it down again and again and again right, but in that process narrowing. You end up having to cut out intriguing stuff stuff that might not be important for your national story but is nevertheless resident to local community and say Detroit or Seattle show exactly so. Waste is bad, but how do you get all the stuff to local reporters get? That became the challenge, so it differs each time we do a major investigation. We started building these things. We call them reveals reporting networks back in July of twenty eight teen, and now we do it. Basically, with every single investigation we put out, we find different ways to offer up the tips or the data or other stuff that accompanies the investigation that maybe we mention, but we actually dont really dig into in the story, so anyone can join yeah and at the moment we have six of these networks going. So you can get.
Chester Data about rape clearance rates. Like we heard in Kentucky, you can get info on school concussions like we heard about in Colorado, there's one about visas for immigrants and more so, if you're, a journalist in a local community- and you want to get involved All you have to do is go to reveal news, dot, Org, Slash network, it's free thanks by feminine thanks off, Thanks to all our partners on this week show k you and see public radio in Colorado, the Kentucky Centre for invest It of affording a level public media be sure to check out their new pike. S dig didn't show. Could impossible without our towns staff, including the Geneva meeting soon, the actual buyer Duncan Calamus Gouty Deanna Montagnier Eddie Donoghue VII win Hannah Young, Robert Rosy rose in thought and Genji and plus are former colleagues Michael Corey, Viva, brands, debtor and anyhow
and thanks to editors, Emily Harris gathered Winter came out of production, managers. Moody in a host are sound design team is the dynamic. Do o J Breezy, Mr Jim breaks, Fernando my man, Yo Aruba. They held this week from We must offer our CEO Christie sharper. Miss Thompson is our editor in chief and our executive producer is Kevin's element I theme is is by comrade like, for reveals- provided by the Raven David Logan Foundation for John Dene, carefully Mccarthy Foundation, the Jonathan Logan Fair Foundation before Foundation, the Housing Simons Foundation for democracy and the ethics of excellence in journalism foundation reveal is appropriate. The centre for investigative reporting and our eggs from a letter and remember, there is always more to the story
These are last few shows of the year, and let me tell you in twenty twenty we are bringing the fire launching some of our most ambitious projects we ve ever done. I can wait for you to hear them reveal is all about going deep, pulling on threads, telling stories that matter and this kind of investigative journalism. Well it takes time and it costs money. These are the final weeks, bar end of the year membership campaign. We depend on listeners like you to help make this work possible to support us just text. The word reveal two hundred and forty seven, four thousand seven hundred and forty seven state of data rates apply and you can take stop or cancel at any time again. Just texted. I'll do for seven four, seven, four! Seven! Let's go! Do some good work together.
Transcript generated on 2019-12-19.