Neil deGrasse Tyson and Chuck Nice tackle an eclectic mix of your questions that take us from the boiling surface of the Sun to the dark side of the moon. Now extended with more questions on aliens, Isaac Newton as a dinner guest, Panspermia, and the James Webb Space Telescope.NOTE: StarTalk All-Access subscribers can listen to this entire episode commercial-free here: https://www.startalkradio.net/all-access/extended-classic-cosmic-queries-a-powerful-potpourri/Image Credit & Copyright: Bob Franke.
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This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
Skip the commercials support star talk on patriarch to listen to every episode, commercial free. Welcome to start off your place in the universe where science and pop culture collide knocked off begin right now this is star talk, I'm your hosts near the gravitation, your personal astrophysicist, my day, job, I'm the director, the hidden planetarium if the American Museum of Natural history right here in New York City. This is the cosmic queries addition which I do not do alone. I need help. I've got check nice. A nail truck nice comic right here with me in the studio. That's right calling from the internet question. This is not a themed cosmic where this is our popery.
Hope very how to spell the Avery. A veritable grab back bag, smelly grab, Popery smells yeah, yeah yeah, so this is whatever was left over in the bag. Athlete pulled out. The questions have smelly grab. Man of his dark talk, radiography famed. Let's get right into yeah I've seen these questions right about, although some up would tell you there you go in and desolate, that's one of the best things is that you're gonna shoot from the hip this one by totally, but you never really shoot from the hip now, because at that, which you talk all right. So here we go. This is from. Harry does sorry subject matter, dark matter, dark matter, get ready, for this includes a chapter of my of my more right called dark matters. Yes, the chapter of my life matter. We each have some
we ve got some don't matter is going on around here we go. Let me finish before you free gotta, look out. I've witness goes. At several experiences. They have made me a believer in the supernatural or what some would call spiritual existence might whose question this is from Harry Desiree Heritage are get my question to you. Meal is: can the expansion dark matter in the universe, be the accumulation of souls of all the planets in the cosmos, some speculate that sole has weight or a value of weight. Impossible to prove okay? Well, so where shall we begin? Yes, I don't know he was a connect, his personal experiences with ghosts, yes with the dark matter in the universe So what are you saying as these apparitions that he has experience? Clearly they must have some type of mass or wait could dark matter.
Be the accumulation of all such apparitions as the ones that he's expiring all the souls of the soil, a couple of things that must tackle souls for the moment I pray back when x rays were invented, were discovered by we'll him run kin there is a german physicist heap. In fact he won the first Nobel Prize in Physics, in nineteen hundred for his discovery of X rays, peep soulful people of the day said x rays can see through matter and through the human body. Maybe if we x Ray a body that was dying, we'd be able to see the sole leave. The body and so they attempted these experiments and nothing seen nothing with that. Guy,
the person was already dying, exposing them to all those x rays, like there s a rare moment, we're thinking God for someone die so so. First there is bad. Second, the instant you die, which is causing fuzzy. We don't really, I tweeted recently the next person who who is brought back to life after being pronounced, clinically dead. It seems like we need to start redefined, What tat is, if you keep coming back because you are clinically dead right, maybe clearly there really isn't dead return right. So The point is there? Was some movie called twenty three whatever member this move? Yes, I know to time a twenty three ounces ourselves, I'm crazy. It's only three grams, twenty one gram, twenty one grams right! That's us bs! If you, if you're alive and then you're dead,
and you're on a scale. Your weight doesn't change right it unless you evacuate your bowels in its spills off the scale onto the floor. Rancor puts most people, don't know how much twenty one grand actually is to how much it is the weight of a technical, and it's not very much. Now it's not a lot about not a lot at all right. So you know because of my past use of cocaine, because those were the metric long before any american grams. Whatever be somebody who knows, the Mets, like you, ve done a lot of drugs and sold. So the point is when you die, you have it way more than that. I have just left over over urine and great bowel content. So and your your sphincters relax and that's all comes out of you right. But if you're not careful by how you make those measurement, you can lead to think that you weigh less death, granted it alive, but so
anyhow, so if its soul in terms of the mass of the soul, if you want to believe there is one there's, no evidence that it has mass reckless, that's another guy, we know approximately how many people there have been ever born this about a hundred billion plus or minus so a hundred billion times. Any number is really matter. What number you multiply it by its gonna be small compared with the mass equivalent of the dark matter of the universe. When I say the souls of all the planets so he's gonna have to believe that there is life on other planets. That has souls correct and so is the sum of all the souls, and I'm just there's no evidence for that. Now, one of the things I ain't does that nothing before science did was establish something that is objectively true, so if I say I saw what its real well was it in your head
or was it actually real right? There's qualifiers of saying I exactly science allows us to distinguish something: that's happening in your head from something that is objective. We true that everybody can agree with, as well as Apple Radice, that we have built to make the measurement caress. So what he needs to do is find the ghosts grab. Some put him in or something bring into the lab work or get more than himself as witness to these ghosts. Then we can start making measurements until then we kind of have to sort it out. I'm gonna left saying that is all going on in his head is therefore we don't have to explain cosmic forces that affect the the birth the universe based on what he sees out of his own head right. So, basically, in the corporeal world it Harry you are out in other words, its just be fair to his question here
surely been seeing ghosts right. That doesn't mean the ghost objectively real. That's all I'm saying right at the human mind, is a complex place. We stood on understated unnoticed, a whole new field, called neuroscience is being born as we speak. To determines why we see the strata hand overriding right, I'm not saying he's not telling the truth about what he believes he saw exactly, but whether an objectively true is a whole other than it could be true? It could just be his truth, based upon his drinking of mushroom take the hours days what true or if he Hasn'T- and he does, that would take it a whole other notch, exact you're, listening to the cosmic quantities. In addition, Startalk Radio, I'm here with Chuck nice comic tweeting at Chuck. My account corrects I've got. It starts we treat as well as start off radio,
Finally, on the web start radio doc net we'll be back in a moment. We're back, taught radio cosmic queries. Addition Chuckie just reached the bottom the barrel and you got what was left over from communist Popery, the popery, her eyelids Pope or, as you put it so eloquently the smell it a bag of our target? I think I'm Pope Risa stuff that smells nice and you put it in the bathroom, we're stuff. Otherwise, dozens moment surf writer, you don't put popery and rose garden so trail right. You sound like a philosopher that Madame astrophysicist is never put Pope. No one puts potpourri in arose.
The nice here like chinese times, you know what I mean just like us, Nestor, pepper from my hand. Grasshopper that's also go are here we go idea. A data portal I have to say you, the worst pronounced or of names. I've ever had almost immunity by jail. I am listen meal, I'm back when somebody has to courtiers. Listen, I'm glad you do it because I am awful, I gotta admit a terrible eyes, but I'd I'd, Deja, ok, whatever Edina Patel as by the way she wants you to another. She is sixteen years old and she also wants you to note that she is from India. So we are Oh, why buddy we are world, Ok, we're does the energy go when it's all over their subject matter. You said Mr Thyssen Doctor
I sent in many episodes that the universe is going from chaos to order and would finally reach a state of zero Kelvin. My question is: where dissolved energy, go all the kinetic energy that is present now what happens to it? Ok, I don't think I've ever said we're going from chaos I don't I don't. I ever said that I think you ve always said that the universe is in a state of extreme disorder. Sworder and becoming more disorder, but she knows that we're temperatures dropping in the universe to an approaching this mathematical, temperance, asymptotically, approaching absolute zero. When you ask them tote to something it made you get ever closer to. But will never actually read, and until you reach infinity kind of like fractals, yeah there's always detail all the way down. Ruined has never been a star. Gonna, stop right right, so chosen exactly like fractals, but the idea that you're hitting some infinity point right and then it stops.
That's the only thing I could related to my tiny little mind so say: where's, the energy of the energy. Still there is just more and more and more diluted until a so diluted that it's a its effectively zero energy density in the universe. So we turned my energy density. Not normally use We're we think of matter density, so so lead is more dense van paper, right name, so it's it makes good paperweight, or do we not use let anymore, and nor do we even have paperweight. You know I would on paper it now, because we, fans inside of offices, because we have central air conditioning. Yes, which is exactly why the register love. My desk keeps blowing the papers on my desk. Sorry does it seriously, but whenever it is less than what a fan would have done back in the day, so so here we have. The universe. Expands temperature dropped ass until we approaches absolute zero deaths.
The debt of the energy that continues to drop, so they energy, doesn't go anywhere in the total energy and she's a saint, whereas diluted to the place where it is a fact, given zero energy too so dilute just go home. That's what's going on there! The girl that makes absolutely Thus, it would be true in it in an in a collapse in university, energy density would be going universal, beginning hotter and hotter and hotter overtime. Ok, you're that be a bit of a bad thing that I've per hour and an ice than in fire cord blood. There you go data, that's a great great great answer. Good question are: this is from Mark Fenimore calls himself the chemistry nerd who ok here it S. Doktor Thyssen in a freshly brute cup of coffee, if I'm sorry, if a freshly brook of coffee- was placed into pressurize. Help me out here at a by adding a diabetic idiomatic, eighty about a container and exposure
so the vacuum of space while being shielded from the sun or starlight. How long. Would it take for said coffee to freeze? What does the mechanism for energy transfer in this case does not give its not exposed to the outdoors right? What would you have to do is expand the volume returning cavity, and if you expand that cavity the energy has to now dilute and though the appoint, where dilute so low that you stand, you freeze what's there so so oh that eighty back is: it is a physics term, a chemistry, physics term that refers to whether you keep pressure, constant and change. The temperature will keep the temperature constant and change the pressure, when you do in these experiments guys. So by the way, if you just had a canister, there was completely insulated. The temperature would never change right, but it's hot. You cannot completely insulate something because there's always a molecule Sutton attached connect communicating with one.
Adjacent to it and either with with light energy or vibrational energy. So it's gonna cool down, no matter what ok, so that the fact is that, even if it were Completely insulated, the fact is, you can never. Completely insulate? So the idea is that which try to tell me dogmatize, and so yes, then, as well as if you want to sort of expand the volume because will be pressure in their because it's a warm cup of coffee I'll catch, you try to expand the volume. What ultimately happen, is the energy density will drop and then at some point it will actually freeze yet the if you keep doing that yeah right yeah, you can drop it so low, but maybe it after operate, all of the coffee before that happen, and then its gashes and then the concept of freezing no longer matters so yet so that its s, material changes. State is a fascinating thing. Actually it we don't spend enough time on in school. I think that just think about it. Here's this water and then you drop it Should it become solid right, a liquid becomes imagine
If you had never seen ice just a man, I mean that there are people grub in the tropics. Nevertheless, I sinner like that's right. Then you just take water, put it in some vest some cavity and you pull it out and it so They no longer believe you. He has magic. Physicists, never told people how we do stuff. We would just be the people we would. We would be the gods of our culture trail, because we would have powers that they were that I think, would divine exact. You know what it's so funny as a quick aside. There is a great show for kids and it's really trippy, but caught events or time and theirs. Arthur she's, a scientist and she is constantly railing against the people of the kingdom because they believe in magic. Its awesome. That's great are right there. Let's move onto a Jeremy, Zoo Carol. I got that one right. Germany's Carol, please try to put a German to care,
cattle, ok there we the most interesting man in the world, is your camera go? Ok? Could intelligent life have evolved on earth in the distant past, There seems to be little evidence to support this idea, but would there be, but would there be what are the odds that this would be missed in fossil evidence and is their physical reason why this could not have happened. I think about this all the time. Do you really? Yes, ok, cool. I lay awake at night. I lay awake at night thinking about this question, ok cool, because what I do is I asked if, if civilization ended today, how long would it take given the earthquakes and volcanoes and other other
geologic forces on earth, how long would it take for every trace of our civilization to be took on completely gone? Being sucked into the magma of a volcano in coming out? Is a fresh rock right jumps starting the geologic record, and I've spoken with some geologist about this issue. It would be billions of years. It's not you! It's! It's a while because you have to get every bit we're everywhere on earth, but not basically, we have to get every bit of landmass deep enough. So that is completely completely wiped out, right and and and melted down and reshaped into the next, because Earth is literally re making itself. It is re over time right. Yes, it is, and it has to be sought a uniform enough so that there is no trace. So I said: could there been an intelligent civilization in the past and I think not up for Sir of Europe, not, I think, not first, because we take a long time to completely wiped off the map. Second compound
life is a is an evolutionary trajectory got it. You would not have had single cell lifeforms through billion years ago, popping into a multi cellular, intelligent life form right overnight, making a civilization than disappearing again. You you'd have to track it through the growth of complexity in the evolutionary chow and when you do that, you only get sort a big brained if intelligence to rise from being re Eurostar, getting big brain mammals after the dinosaurs. Those are taken out of the picture. Got you in that was eighty five million years ago, our mammal ancestors scurrying underfoot trying to not be orders for T Rex. Only when T Rex got taken away, did our mammal brains target and big and become a thing that we call intelligence today, gotcha so now, what's yours that trajectory? What is what you're saying that the earth has now, been here long enough for that trajectory to have taken place in the past and then been wiped away record wise so that
finding ourselves in that place again today. Its combination of not only that I would not expect complex neurological organ organisms, organisms with complex neurology to have been around long enough ago, given the time it would have taken to create such a creature got as the evidence of the fossil record. Fantastic, that you haven't. They they'll man, that's a great answered when we come back more cosmic worries. Potpourri addition here, listening to start off, have done no secret for you, I'm gonna consider singing all of the ads on this shell there's just one: and where to get out of hearing there go to patriarch arms last star. Talk and support. Where does at the five dollar level or higher to listen the star, talk ad free.
You can download all current episodes into your favorite podcast player and never we're here another commercial on star talk ever again. You will definitely not have to hear me sing if you support us at Patria. Dark coms. Last our talk, radio I mean I'm just thinking I mean just saying- The ban on startup cosmic winnings addition satellite you'd, want to dug deep double these questions at the bottom of the barrel can sit any other category. I there's a question about whether his past life on earth. I want to add something to that guy. It there's a lot of stuff science fiction story, that has sorted aliens, helping out our civilization. Yes, you know, like stars, eight, for example, target you know the pier It came from some wild aliens who came to
I hope this building and then left for some strange reason. Just like we need to build some pyramids wonder on earth in that spot, I mean we're out of you. That's their sole purpose of company page humans, look like baby pyramid and then not mechanical or anything else, not stir buildings that we are going to because we're that technologically advanced. Let's give these peoples try and those to drop in the middle of a desert and then we're out of here so that that I couldn't that's what I'm going to love. So the urge to think that ancient people's could not have actually done these great, ruptures under the fact is that the same brain lead with you right then. So they have less technology but they're, not any less smart right. That's what some could argue that their smarter as I've always upset when we want to credit some intelligent aliens first
that our own species did here on earth. I examined give us some credit man, it's funny, because you know my son has seven years old and he said well how come you know if they didn't have anything technical back in the day they can act create these great buildings and things, but yet we don't seem to be as smart as they are and I went because They didn't have! television and sun? Actually, that's why and they had a hundred years to build, who expects that none of this work we gotta regretted, get this done by October. It right now hear me just like take whatever our longer term lifestyles and nobody cared a number tat rate here we got. This is our very own somebody, New York City, Andrew Word, Andrew worse than you pronounces name correctly. I did. Thank you Andrew for having a very easily easily to pronounce. May we have several impact creators on earth, from media rights. My question is this:
we have. We have the big holes, but where did the bid Freakin rock its appear? Tell I will not be able to sleep until I know I'd like people can't sleep because science, if you have some awake radical good, so a couple of things Polly most famous hole in the ground as it is in media All in the ground is in Arizona Right near Winslow, Arizona of ECHO's just they are filming for cosmos. Ok, yeah cool guy can't not goaded until you have greater it's almost a mile across now is this the credit that they say may have wiped out everyday system. No normal noticed. One was a bad day in Arizona when this thing hit. Ok, whatever was called back then fifty thousand years. There's then there's another creator that was found submerged under the gulf found primarily by the efforts of oil drilling is trying to find out with gravity anomalies because you won't leave its.
Or is it sand as it sediment and they found this ridge, and this ridge is the rim of the crater and that's the one we trace I'll get to the dead dinosaur gotcha and that hit near New Yucatan Peninsula near what is now Mexico once gave a talk lights, but I said near what is now Mexico I said, but that's not what the dinosaurs called it and some of the front, Rosa they called it. Make assessments spanish, fluent Redonda source. So, yes, we do have is created in the chest. A peak bay area we now know from space is a meteor impact. So Meteor impact creed Chesapeake Bay. Look at that right there in Maryland height, so I said: do you have But what happened to the rock and what I said that if the speed of the asteroid, which is true in every case, is higher, if you have a speeding calculate how much energy has four motion, we collect kinetic energy Connecticut most
right down that number? You can calculate that right now you say: what's this thing made of is rock is metal? What's holding what's together is other bonds. There can He bonds from one atom to another. There's a crystal latticed. There's some forces holding the together right right at that up right down that number If the kinetic energy number is bigger than the number that holding it together and the thing hits waited all the kinetic energy go back into the Jack and it explodes. Vapor rises goes to smithereens, and so in fact, most of it essentially vaporized got it and that's called a high speed collision and they that's what happens at why you have fragments scattered, but the moat, the bulk mass of the asteroid,
gone to think came and slowly you just hidden bounce and then you can get the whole ended. Iraq will be sitting around. In fact, meteor crater was purchased by a bye, bye, a metal speculator because he presumed that the huge struck object that made the creator is still berries either. If, yes, it metal did he bought the land border has meddled. It there's drill, more old, didn't find a damn thing. Poured out as he didn't have your your formula. That was your father. You want to save. A lot of money is just like every do you see with black socks and sad and so on, the beach and what is little marital detector. So it's the it's. It's the Baron Griffin, Molly and they actually still on the land and send out a tourist attraction and they make money for sure. Ok. Well, he's got his money back, some somehow so
Oh yes, so that's what happens in a high speed impact and of his if those two numbers were different, the object would basically stay in one piece right: No there's your answer, MR, would look for the rock in the lab. The Smith, a really expect listening to start off radio cosmic various potpourri will be right back.
We're back startled. Cosmic queries, overregulation, nice between media question. I haven't seen or heard any that's right. That's right! You have not read or heard them, but I haven't right here: go for! Ok, let's go to John Lights, got right! Scott! Ok! You know it's John Upside, John, so ok, subjects at the time AIDS, and this is kind of something that we ve touched on me. A tight go away here, you'll die they just you either you are the veritable per. Some time now that they are able to get their ok, my foes, the king of time. Ok, I've heard
don't mention in multiple as episodes that the gravitational forces of both the moon and the sun combined during a full moon to create the highest tides. Why on earth? It seems to me that they should cancel each other out being that the masses are on opposite sides of the earth it off. Seems that the highest I'd should be during the new moon, because the moon and the sun are on the same side of the earth. I could look up the answer, but I just love here chuck? Nice is take on the questions. Petty really say that really so listen I actually, what saying is without when this is done on the same side, is their greater pool. So here we got ready, go start. So, let's forget the sun. For the moment we should have the moon, the moon raises tides on earth
their only two things that affect that the mass of the moon, which isn't changing Andy distance. The moon is from earth rousing the only two things that can affect the tides that moon raises on earth now the moons orbit is not an exact circle. It's like this flattened circle in the lips, she'll tarried, think of it as an oval, and so occasionally the moon is closer to the earth. It'll have re slightly higher tides, skasely move farther re slightly lower tides, and that has nothing to do with what phase the moon is. The moons tides on earth are the same for every phase from New Moon Crescent. First quarter, gibbous. Everybody, because the moon is the same size is the same, am thing in the dams. Got right, ok, so now, bring in the sun I'll get this, is trying to raise tides, two and its function. Far away from the sun and how much mass the sun is its trials. Do this on us too, but it turns out its strength of time it is only about a third strong is that of the moon turned it could do so far away
farmer. Distance makes a big deal with. It makes a big difference with tied, because the title strength varies as the cube of the distance guys. If you it's, the math when you get there are no doubts arise. So your aid, it is directly and proportionally tied to the distance, yes to the third power, their power over far away its way less than if your nearby that's an I watch. If the whose tides a lie. With the sun's tied you have high tide. Higher than at any other time. That's if they move tide is at right angles to this ties that each China bulge at right angles to one another, that big that's where they cancel out: gotcha, ok them at right angles and ethical. The tied right, you still get a slightly high time, is not as high as at full moon or at Newman and here's how the tide works, rating, ok,
So you have the moon and you have earth. The moon is pulling harder on the side of the earth closer to the moon than it is at the middle of the earth It is pulling harder at the middle of the earth. Then it is pulling the far side of the earth right. Ok, farther allow their way of life. We set this out that its distance, a distance, a distance. They thank you, and so now you are a squishy pool of water. The side of you Six to the moon is being pulled mouse side of you farthest from the pope. Moon is being pulled least. So all this it stretched out? That's all! It is a big stretching game. Gotcha By the way, the solid earth has tides as well, but you know it we don't that doesn't manifest, as because it's a solid thing, that's changing weak, but we seat and tides never come in and out the bulges. Always there in space and its earth turning inside the bulge. So in fact,
Sounds so dirty so when you are on the beach you stay here comes the tide know that I was there in space and you are on earth being turned on and is to enter into the bulk of the time. I know I know I know so. I watch so now so that the the moves she's out the water near side force. I write the sun stretches out the water near your eyesight, so new moon or full moon everybody's lined up anybody stretching out there. You have it it's all, just Sargeus, obviously it's basically a love triangle between the sun the moon and the water. However, when the triangle is at its finest, it makes a story Ah, that's where you want your high is trying to be the highest ball is the straight line triangle. That's right! That's hot! The UK,
We are still listening to start on radio cosmic queries, hey Richard NICE be right back. You're back startle cosmic work properly but we are in the final saying that which means what laying realigning root cause. I take so long answering the question that we got a problem all the ones I can get to the last segment and I'll blow through him sound bite style. Ok,
ready. Let's do it and that's a sound you'll hear at the end of the question I am, and the answer, amputees in space from Jeff Low wants to know, hey just curious, to hear your thoughts about whether amputees and space would do well. Since there is less muscles to atrophy, I'm also curious to hear if there would be a fax from zero g on organs after all, the hardest muzzle, but its costly working even in space, yet so amputees in space there you're not walk in anywhere, so in fact spacewalk you're, not what you just click on space floating, it's midnight loading, so in a way. You don't really need your legs, so amputees, I think, would do very well space walking your organs are sort of suspended in your body. Do not lose to float around and get out of alignment. If you go into zero g plus, when you down horizontally. Your heart does not work against gravity pumps, blood horizontally and that's like it not working against gravity. So your heart to be just fine in Spain
but what it was not obvious in the early days we didn't know whether you could swallow in space. Don't you alive or no to go down your throat turns out the body had does a good job, pushing liquids wherever they gotta go. Next, go here's! What about costs be your biggest Brandon Well, that's what he said. Ok, ok from my limit! understanding, nothing could travel above the speed of light. Why does light travel at exactly that speed? I understand that it can that it can travel faster, but why not slower. Even a small amount like two meters per second, like does travel slower when it goes through anything other than a vacuum owes lower when it enters our atmosphere, which is why, when you see sunrise, it's not actually risen. Yet it is still below that's horizon, because when it changes medium, this light slows down and it reflects
showing you the sun before it is actually risen. Light is at its lowest through diamond. It only goes forty percent as fast as its speed in a vacuum through die that's. Why does all this internal reflection in your ring and it looks radiant, because the light internally reflected multiple times report came out. Lookin like the diamond itself is given you light there you go here that was, there was hot that was yeah aren't even though this one from Luke Swan again, yes, go! Look. Aliens on your aliens episode. You said aliens, the size of a solar system couldn't exists because it would take too long for signal to travel from one point of the brain to another and for the we to react, but what, if it did not have a centralized brain? What? If the decision making those were spread throughout, in other words cup a little brings. Found that alien head now I'd I'd say: life could not exist. I just
thought it would be really clumsy form of life got if it stops at toe its tone. It would take ten hours to respond to that fact. Words. If something starts eating it, it won't know until its way too late. It's just not an effective size to be life, your competing against the speed of light for you to communicate signals a quarter body if it has regionally strolled centres, brain centres right then one organism: Oh yeah, I question whether it is in fact one organism. Look, there's your answer, next Cody and I were wants to know. I'm streamline likely scenario if you were to be touching or right. Next to a micro black hole at the moment of its formation, what would happen,
for you good for the black hole of petty part of you start to enter the black hole at the black hole just eat. Whatever party, you would touches that. That's all should, eventually you got your guy and a buckle. Burps, not any bird the black hole one. Human Zira acts are right. Cody, you are delicious. Two black holes are this from map holes like the sun. How loud with the sun be from the earth if there was a way to transmit the sound through space. I don't what the hell that means expects. Why couldn't read the question? Ok, so if you ever heard of a pot of water boiling on so yes, I had ok, that's water and it's ok. The sun is boiling as well. Ok, it's royal! boiling convicting convention. Is the scientific word for boiling right this
is boiling. Like is nobody's business on its surface. It would be. The loud is boiling pot of order you ever heard. If somehow you can, you can you can deliver that sound through the vacuum of space to us got be kind of cool to listen to what the sun was. A summit boy boiling, oatmeal boiling me really really lack answer. Thank God. We can't hear that real, quick, ten. Second, ok we're about ten seconds land. Here it is There were a civilization that lived only on the far side of the moon. How hard would it be for it to detect the existence of the earth? Oh they would. They would never see earth because earth has never in their sky, but they would know somebody was up to then, because we spacecraft in orbit around the moon, the most famous photo. Earthrise was a spaceship coming around the backside of them? Who they were? We are not alone in a universe, sweet. So, with the far side, moon dwellers say you ve been listening to start talk cosmic wary,
you are listening to start talk stay too for another second welcome back journalists are talk. We are extending the cosmic queries edition. A meal that from all right, let some you know what This is an extension. What we start off as we normally do families is, it is the steamed or is it the galactic gumbo I dont know is a gamble that we don't do that number will do to combat began to eat. Maybe we have a little to re write. What right here we go. This is a patriarch patron call yoga who says what
because they pay money to be first in question this, that it is clear that, because a crass of us that's why we do not above the horse array of causes this doctor Thyssen. If Isaac Newton, your man, was to see us today and all the same is that we have discovered since his passing what discoveries money he be most interested in and what specific areas of study would you guess he would want to convey you're working. I believe- and I think about this volatile auditor currently weekly at least well, can look at sea, I think of eating Newton S, dinner, guest and then, but but then it gives real and then this they ok, there's a bad Ok, look at Sir Isaac Newton walks and who can I say Isaac? Would you like to bathe right now how can the practice?
that's ok! So we get that out. Ok, so then I say: would you like to go for a drive drive in what I said a car? what's a car right, so then I say it's a horse join carriage without the horse and say well: how does it operate but operates on energy? What energy is not formally defined at the time of Isaac Newton? That would take another hundred years before we understood energy, where do you get the energy we get it from liquids? how kind of energy is in that chemical, energy how'd you get. What is chemical energy was bound in the molecules. What's molecule. This would just go on and on and on and on and on and on their energy bound up in the molecular state. What is an end and it would take he's affair study, don't get me wrong, but you can't just
ask him a modern question, because then I would show my my Iphone and his head would explode. Ok, I've when the calculator on the Iphone, where he could then spend second doing Would he took years calculating ok in his life and not just one on the I've? That's so poor we'd need. I need a psychiatrist right with me right just to help the guy out. Wait till you sell some aren't you might? Actually? He was now he never married and as far as we know had no me, meaningful amorous relationships and was mostly misanthropic, Oh really, so you ve, probably sexual, most likely asexual the area where no one
Now? Why would you get energy discovered? Oh, my god, I was just it was these bundles of sexual precisely that also tend to discover. How can we really have to calculate? I want to get lady why you never married, never had any close male or female friends. Why, there is some letters he wrote with. Some people might think he might have been gay, but no less, even if he was gay, were easy to unpleasant was not rise. Not you know the man of the Main Rights act so anyhow, so there's that, but let's catch him up baby, I would say I would handle the dark matter in dark energy problem. Right Do we ve been at this for fifty years? Fix it let us not get out by doctors. When someone ass, here's a pencil. Here's a paper is a computer when you forgot to use a computer got have at it. Ok, a super cool man,
What a great question Kyle that was really cool and the answer is in modern times eyes. It is a dumb ass. Ok, ok, of course, that I, like the dark matter, idea in dark matter and dark energy. There are eight, let's go to Stephen Humphrey on Facebook who says what does that crazy, looking globe on meals table depict? Oh we'll have a that's globe that might be sitting I mean worms seated right now. This is a brass globe right that is sculpted by Paul man, ship, who is this aim guy who sculpted Prometheus, who over? he's the skating rank and not let our lot under right, yeah, yeah, yeah yeah. So and in fact, if you look at the base of this globe, there's a recumbent figure which evokes the recumbent Prometheus. At rock of how it hadn't rights so that this girl is a perfectly spinning functioning globe, and it has all eighty eight cost
patients in art. Deco, really oh get onto them, wow. Two, as I understand it there too, in the world, one is by was acres. I forgot his first name, the former ceo of IBM, ok, who paid for an exhibit where this where this appeared rightness was on the things that before the Hain planetarium forty years ago- and I remember it came here as a kid wow. But now we don't we don't count. About constellations anymore so, but it still put the brake work of art and I get to put it in my office nice, well, what a coup Stephen thank you for that matter. There's only to those globes in the way you have won, and I wonder why meet the museum, Oh, it's in your office. Recycling Tipp this this tips on angle right. So it's it's mechanically functioning sphere Van tassel or just a week. We clear yes this in eighteen, thirty four, so our deco was a very big
availing time very much Zaki, especially here in New York. We look at the other architecture here, listening legible, building ass great great many of our absolutely the whole place very cool, so Java Bello on in scrambles, though this do you foresees space hotels with green hookers, really come on agreed green so this would be not just What a coup Stephen! Thank you for that matter. There's only to those clothes in the way you have one of what I mean the museum. Usually the first thing that happens with a new invention is people try to figure out how to have et Cetera, and so I will not preclude this as as a thing that could one day happen,
right. Clearly, this derives from Captain Kirk. I was going to say Kurt Captain Kirk Kirkby to it. This is in the nineteen sixties and somehow it was ok for Captain Kirk to be Bang and green alien gets ranking, and it's always there was always what is KISS It's an old earth! Emotion, adventure! Oh, let's do again exerted, occurs again and then fail to blacken they go to the next seem right. So you know he's got some alien. You know Ilium early Buddhism, that's right! So I Don't see? Why not I mean if we have a fully a lifeline for visiting at the local bar, like installing can start working hours bar. Why wouldn't it be yeah? I've gone anywhere. Anything green. Ok, I'm going
but if its green I'm stem way away from it as others, so it could be very good undergoes photosynthesis than ever has to eat. Well, that's a deputy yeah. I think about it. Just to think about this job, I am thinking about anyone not a plant on this earth right. Then you have to kill something to your own nourish, that's right! other than that you gotta eat something else right now. You have to kill you right, for you if we were in areas where everybody's getting their energy from their local star, they come to earth how barbaric we would look to them. That's true think about tat and if their green, I'm not having sex with it. We go one Garcia from facebooks Garcia, see what a great name did. The media that killed the dinosaurs hit hard enough to spread live around our solar system? Wow so could would the debris
the detritus have escaped velocity. Yes get up. Yes, it's a real! Yes, you called detritus detritus. Yes, why that'll, you more flotsam injection. Looking to underscore If you only know flats congestion, from the Disney movie, the little mermaid flotsam stuff left over after your ship was torpid owed right that floats and jetsam stuffing threw overboard so that you tried to not have that fate exactly right. So yes, so that asked what would have easily thrust earth rocks with enough philosophy to achieve to escape us? So he hears a think tank on, listen, listen, I'm the moon doesn't have whether it doesn't play tectonic cite. The moon is a record of anything that once hit, they may be worth fossils on the moon from before we had good fun
so to get a record of what has happened here: supercool yeah, so its core pants, Burma, and so life, maybe more similar than we might otherwise think interesting. So in the world than that begs, the question is very possible that the life here on earth was seated from some other cosmic. If we were would likely have been Mars, which means all humans are descendants of Martians rule there I, like that goes Mars was wet and fertile before earth was and go there to I saw your fish libretto okay. So if there is any life transfer pants Burma, it would have been from Mars to earth. Ok, initially, that's cool man that a super cool Mars had running Wow, hey longer, see it. What a great question all right- let's Oh too,
Leah S. Question westward! Ok, ok! This is Liam chromatic world lever for this That's a name aware: making LEO Crow met, world lever forward from Facebook says. I've heard that with the James web telescope that are supposed to be up be the next step up from the Hubble that we could potentially see the big bang but I haven't been able to explain this to anyone, because I really dont understand it, good reason for not being able to explain something How would you see none of the patent and not with this telescope? You might see what this will enable us
is specifically tuned to detect galaxies being born just after the big bang. Right now are telescopes aren't sensitive enough or tuned enough to properly to see those that that finance, so those galaxies are admitting copious amounts of blue and ultra violet light. Ok, but that light is coming from such a distance that the expansion of the universe has read, shifted that light deep in the region, infrared part of the spectrum, so the James with telescope is tuned to the infrared got to see light that started out as ultra violet, oh and the formation of galaxies. We are ahead of wee Wee, isn't at that.
As for all your there? That's genius through to the end, by the way, can also see things I just happen to be giving infrared light right like star, forming regions are the galaxy and this sort of thing nurseries, nurseries, exactly re, exactly newly born hatchery, but yeah? So, but it's not it's! Not! It's not designed to see the big bang itself are clear man it's fascinating right, what better credit we ran out of time, man! Oh ok! We got it when I got a call it without but active bimbo religion. The out I shouldn't have guaranteed by the brow of the near the grass types and I've been with Czech. Nice has always revision to keep we should listen to start commercial free joint start. Compatriots for as little as five dollars per month and the ads will disappear, learn more at patriarch dot com slap star, talk, radio,
Transcript generated on 2020-01-20.