Join host Neil deGrasse Tyson as he revisits our fan’s favorite episodes from a season overflowing with science, comedy, moguls, whistleblowers, evolution, invention, and exploration.
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This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
Skip the commercials support star talk on patriarch to listen to every episode, commercial, free. The first is filled with secret cinemas trees, leaving us with many questions to be answered. We find ourselves searching for those answers as the very fabric of space science and society are converging here for the first time. What do you want Are you just recently the domain? The brakes, Daddy Glinda? Did you grandma South Nasty Brenda, get lab
to start with your host trace your personal astrophysicist and also the director of mere cities, Kaden Planetarium here at the American Museum of natural history. This We were wrapping up season, six six seasons of start talk with the first part of our annual time. Capsule show every season. We send out a survey to our fans and ask them to pick the favorites. We had many interesting guest from across the spectrum of the sciences, especially with two full seasons on the National Geographic Channel, and it was a close race, but the results are in and now? Let's remember our favorite moments from this past season. First up Polly Emory one night stands fetishism tender.
We discussed the science behind one of our most basic animal instincts in one unfair. The belief is owed the evolution of love and sex with Dan Savage CO, host, Chuck, nice and biological anthropologist Doktor Helen Fisher join us in the hall of the universe, for our sexiest conversation ever over. One third of Americans have had a when I actually almost sixty percent of had a one night stance. Actual sex is not casual in that you're. So drunk you don't remember it. It's not casualties, and God knows I have. I have had to stand that because people are asking him this all the time he he's in a long term, marriage that began as a one night. Why people have. I mean, as I say, over thirty percent of people have had a one night turn into long term relationship. Let's find out what he's going to tell us about one,
I think that happens a lot more often than we know, because people who make the one I stand has such a stake right people here, sleazy meetings, they don't tell their kids about your parents, met in rehab. If your parents met in a sex club or a dungeon somewhere there, not when the backseat over fifty seven chef you're not going to tell you, I actually wrote a series of columns Longman during my advice com, while they landers was writing her. If she would wrote a column, a bunch of columns, were she invited a readers to share their how they met stories, and they are all make your stories I dance with this boy. Do you are so dance during the war and then we wrote letters to each other all through the war than we met branded generation? Who are now
What Britain overall, like so innocent Oliver stories- and I was just thinking about the people- I knew, who were unsuccessful, loving long term relationships, many of which had really not innocent, starts, who met who had when they sounds like Terry and I did who met in rehab, who you know had a drunken three way and then fell in love with the acts of their guest at the three way that did They ve been third despair and despair. Come those out the stories. You're gonna tell your grandparents or your kid that never give up. Not so we have this distorted view of how a decent, loving relationship must start, and then people do this thing. I've didn't you you make such important point there, because if we give the view of love and romance that we want to be true and that's what percolates, then we establish cultural social. Raise based on that, so that, if anyone is different from it, you can ostracism what we know about primates and mammals.
We are not unnaturally monogamous species, we are a pair bonding species, but there's social monogamy, which is the pair abandon their sexual monogamy, which has never touching anybody ever get with the general. And we are now is not like that before now. We need to split it. We all of these birds means to look too and think. Why can't we be monogamous? Most of eagles yeah, sorry, geese and but little birds that we may and it would make for life and with, and we would measure our failure as humans to live up to the standards set by these damn birds. All along comes genetic testing and we find out that these birds are skirt around on each other, constantly that their social monogamous propounded but they're, not section, and I was no primates with testicles. Our size are our monogamous sexually monogamous women, hidden men. Since I'm not saying all this to say that people should go from an army of monogamy, something they want. I'm not saying this to argue their people. The maiden monogamous commitment have licence to violate that monogamous commitment and, of course it would have lines would do when they hear phrasing right out of your mouth.
And they do so not my argument that isn't you shouldn't haven't you shouldn't do it my argument is: we should be a little compassion understanding by the fact that monogamy is a struggle. I restart talk. My shoes are an opportunity to engage with our fans and collide science with comedy it open. A wreath of thought and, of course, humor you selected evolution life with Richard Dawkins as one of your favorite episodes recorded at the Beacon Theatre, I'd my co host Eugene murmuring, rejoined onstage by none other than Richard Dawkins. My good friend Oh my the science guy comedian, Jim gaff, again and comedian made Higgins. So why don't? I have wings Well, it would definitely make me better. That's the one thing I do know so far is that on the smartest person
On this panel right, I mean that's pretty obvious for glasses. But why do people have? Why didn't you then, are you everyone wants, which is an excellent question. Why do people have wings? They wouldn't be better off with wings. Wings can get in the way a queen and has its wings and she flies and gets mated, and then she digs a whole. It starts and ass. The first thing he does is bite her wings off because they get in the way you don't need wings. Workarounds, don't have wings answer negro wings in order to fly to get so. May I wouldn't want way. But what about regular like pretty bird wings, now I'll? Take this one day, that's out of this one favour, so I venture to gas that you you're gonna, you're good at
over with. I venture I got this. If you had wings you and either be dead, war have more successful The latter is sort of one of the reasons and fury of reporting. I would definitely hide the active having a feature Oh you mean you'll be better reproducing sites eyes of one sort or another have evolved several dozen times independently and often does exactly the same design when the Vertebrata, which is a camera I and the mollusk guys, especially if Sweden Octopus eyes very very similar. Indeed what we mean by a camera I with a lens that focuses a real inverted image on Russia, as opposed to a compound I say or parabolic reflected
I, which some modest, what kind of people have we have a camera, the camera and then what's the other? I would like to comment on a compound. I've is the thing that insects haven't shrimps, haven't things where you have a great big hemisphere and not so little tubes, pointing out all over the hemisphere, different directions, and so each tube is look. If a different part of the visual field, it sounds fairly around it. I think I have that insofar as it has an image at all is not an inverted image, because that you looking up there that tubes looking down their, whereas in our eyes that light there is focused on the bottom of my region and that there is focused on the top of my written. So a camera I has an inverted image, is a mile lifting philosophical question. Why we see the work? The right me up. I think there were some experiments by men called strategy to achieve war glasses that turn the world,
tied down- and it took in a few months to get used to it and then took the glasses off. He couldn't see any more efficient, don't drive us at home, one of your favorite episode, featured my conversation with the ever controversial Edward Snowden he's. CIA agent turned international fugitive and his famous. Four leaking secret documents to press from within the National Security Agency, the USA Sir Call me here on some call the trader. I just call him, geek throughout your schooling, even though you dropped out Highschool did did you like me. Then science did. You know this was this latter data. It was. I was always fascinated by with science and actually One of the great grievances I have about dropping out of high school early is the fact that I never finished. I've always
of chemistry by most people say they never went to their problem. So we used to have this- is it the history of the world. The personal drops out of high school regrets not having had chemistry. This is the first time the sentence has never been uttered in the history of my college. Rocks. You haven't noticed I'm a little bit of an ethnic, ok, see mists and chemistry there right yeah, but you know people people who are contemplating dropping out people were waiting I sort of leaving college early and things like that. I'm getting a start. Realizing, they may be very correcting going. I don't think I can still get through life without it. I can still achieve my goals and I'm already an expert in store the areas where my valuable skills lie and they go, I'm not gonna be against them. Let me be a physicist linguists are so I dont really need those words. And they may be right there, ever used, algebra again calculus, but it does
same time, they may find later in life that they're working on a project or their own independent research exploration, whether its intellectual, whether its practical Where have they learn that there would be some synergy there? They ve got home in support of their body knowledge, very difficult when you're not going through sport about a structured lifestyle path, which is what sort of university and public education model offers us. So when you say I don't know, it's billows not to put words in your mouth, but what you're saying I think is yes, you need the curriculum based learning, because that is sure that you don't have any obvious gaping holes. Your proper education, but the rest of the learning really can't happen in a classroom. It's gonna happen in the real world. It's really a preparation struck should continue to your own work. Now there are always people who can self educate the can make up for the gaps and things like that
but it's really rare and I don't think we should encourage as a matter of books. People simply go out just stop hope for the best hope they can make it, because it's very difficult, particularly when you're young, to foresee the kind of decisions you're gonna make behind it I'll bet you're, be interested in twenty years, Whizzer allegiance? What what wasn't it to the end? Didn't you swear allegiance to two to be secret agent man? I mean that's really your question, because that's actually fairly on criticism was some say. You know I broke it all up, but they actually are familiar with the way that the oath and the non disclosure agreements and so on are the secrecy. Louisbourg. I didn't swear an oath to secrecy. There's nothing.
Thing when you join the CIA doesn't exist, there is in government called assess fruitful standard form of Europe, your crackling, these as a civil, non disclosure. That says you should not disclose see greater classified information whenever there would be possibly support criminal penalties and so on its cars. But then, at the very first day you walk into serves as a governess staff officer. Central intelligence agency you take was called the oath of slippers, which is not to secrecy, which does not take us by information, is to defend the constitution of the United States against all enemies. One lesson: The question is: what do you do when you're obligations, cometh conflict, when you have a standard government, the warm on one hand the civil agreed among spoke ass if one thirteen, whatever red one, three, twelve, ok,
and then you ve got the constitution on the other. And it also matters. What is the significance of these breaches there? There is a question here of. Is this something that's a some sort of minor one off departure from regulations, or is this a fundamental? and massive violation of the constitution. When you have the National Security Agency, for example, as the courts, the operating out died, although in fact, in violation of it in violating the fourth many rights of three hundred and thirty nine. Every stepping up every day that I think for most people would change their calculus is. This is Ben Franklin, famous quoth, your favorite motto pursued at like write it down here, those who surrender freedom for security,
we will not have nor do they deserve either? It's it's amazing. How many lessons we can draw from history for people who live so far before us, without the benefit of our knowledge, without the benefit of our technology? And yet they real is that there are certain principles, certain fundamental values there are not dependent on time replace the rivalled to everywhere last season. My conversation with Seth Macfarlane was chosen as one of your favorite episodes, and this year you selected him again as one of your favorite guests
he's an executive producer of Cosmos space time odyssey, but its best known as the creator of the hit adult Khartoum Series family guy. He joined us again in our sixth season to discuss the science in family guy, believe it or not. We have co host chuck nice and science guest, my friend and colleague, Charles Lou. At some point I had to find you and talk to you about the science and family. You just have to watch a few shows and it's in there it's in there dig when I was a kid I was I was I I the church choir went to Sunday School and they went to a regular school and my parents believe in exposing made everything in living me figure it out for myself and eventually s- and these guys are making these assertions- and these guys are making these assertions. But these guys
Back it up with some gas or offering evidence, and so that seems a little more trustworthy and answer. I was gonna drawn to two to science because it seemed that you arrive there derived from your own curiosity, yeah yeah interesting and she wasn't a great science student school. I think it is not that you don't have to beat. You just have to enjoy a doubt whether you're good at it, and people try to equate the two, but I don't think that's a prerequisite in its is and then obviously discover the original Cosmos and Carl Sagan them The time you saw the original caused us to get any You'd one day be executive produced around the next Cosmo's didn't within a herd of it didn't go of it, it was was, was not something like that. Ever crossed my mind during your early flashlights humour with, you're, not thinking over the executive.
But whose cosmos, one day when I return to Carl Sagan Cosmos edited for rednecks, I'm Carl Sagan, How old is our planet? Scientists believe it's for periods and hundreds of years old scientists have deterred the universe was created by the bang. If you look at the bones of agencies as source Rex, its clear by the use of carbon dating that and is the best soda ever made, I know you're than and think that when you think that one, that's that's being extremely polluted, the incorrect to make a whole other point, and so so comedy can do that and he's Macy limit
because he's referencing the original animals from nineteen eighty, which is very core and was even more coal, is, I believe I heard the word. Jesus Soares warheads I have said earlier in my office and to ask him directly about that girl say again: it click was it. You view call them what you do and girl you'll be, there are always density. Doing curls again mediaeval relax. Oh yeah, we're looking at is the fossil of Jesus Dub, Dover, exactly it's over there was the big Bang
maybe I was on the floor since I met you knew Cosmo's you care about Carl Sagan. You cared about scientific truth, divorce and so, and I didn't have to be in there is, if Britain Cartoon you know, but it was there, and so there are statements being made and an do. You must be aware of this sort of it. The political weight that Europe that your voting in these scenes- Riah. That's that's difficult, I think for for both of us to walk that line, because the EU you have in your servicing an audience. At the same time you you can have a duty to the truth, so you know that it's that balances. At a certain point. I think you know the true Vesta went out. You just have to say you know what I'm I'm, I'm I'm just gonna tell it like. It is
This is cool Brian Savior same time, but in this universe Christianity never existed, which means the dark ages of scientific repression never occurred, and thus human he's a thousand years more advanced cream of his death. To get him to comment on that Multiverse episode because I M supposed to many other kinds of universes, yes, one of a week, we pick that want to ask him about that. Let's find out what he says? This is present day cod, but in a universe, where Christianity had never been had never come to power or a decree Christianity and never evolved into a major major released because science than tribute a thousand years right because right it in the age knew much of the science Araby rediscovered during their
the other side, the limelight rediscovered, but it was squelch. What a thousand years, essentially, essentially, I what what I always wonder about that is is it is that is that a thousand years We needed to more we evolve ourselves to be ready. The technology that we have or would we had a place? We are morally ready for the technology ever comes of animals, or would we have gotten their much sooner? I think of it. Technological ethically, I I said I asked myself often in the time I have history so track the dark ages. When we landed on the moon in the year Union, and is that even a conceivable thing right, you're right But we have landed on the moon now. What other fields are signs have to progress along side at a chemistry for them any betrayal science sure you need all of this, but in principle five hundred hundred years. You know you you have that technology earlier, so you drive it, you know, but we would
we ve gotten rid of slavery in oh How does that the others? The question is? Is it is it? Does that go hand in hand? I don't know, I'm seems to me. I mean what I got an art school, the green, I know it seems to me it would be more likely that it would have to go hand in hand, because I think that, with with a greater knowledge of science goes, a greater wisdom will start to figure out How things work for the wisdom. You can't help but be more rational. Lest you solve the struggle for that ignorance. That's a potent argument. A rebuttal, like the fellow once said, Hey I've got a little secret for you. I'm gonna to consider singing all of the ads on this show
there's just one way to get out a hearing, they're good patriarch arms last started tall and supporters at the five dollar level or higher to listen. The star talk ad free. You can download all current episodes into your favorite parkers player and never hear another commercial on star talk ever again. You will definitely not have to hear me seeing if you're supporters Patria Dark coms. Last our talk, radio, I mean I'm just thing and I mean I'm just saying. Start off by the hands of the new land. Gonna saying that I welcome the start of this special time. Capsule episode is a hotchpotch of your favorite.
For all of season. Six one of your best love shows featured my interview with bad Lambsdorff founder of Mars. One mission he's the guy who wants to take humans to Mars and then leave them there. This episode, I'm joined by CO, host Eugene, Merman and former astronaut MIKE Mass Amino. Also talk with Rhine Mcdonald, one of the top hundred candidates, hoping for a one way ticket the difference between Mars. Why a lot of other idea is that we are proposing a mission of permanence elements of a one way trip which takes away the biggest complexity of the more standard vision, which is, in my opinion, the return trip. I'm his heartache get back. That's it's hard to launch rockets from earth, but with a hundred engineers checking the rocket at the last moment, all the conditions are controls, let alone. Launching a Rockets from earth to depart from arse flying through space waiting on Mars for two or four years,
and then launching without any supervision or checks in and from my point of view, debts practically impossible? And that's why I came up with the idea of phone and sound know. If we have such ideas, presumably you have a rocket or some way to get to Mars, witwer another aerospace companies who are not going to build the rocket directly not going to build any system. We try to source them from established aerospace suppliers around the world. In the? U S, so you don't have to invent something to do this now, because it is permanent settlements. There's no new inventions needed, of course, a lot of a lot of. Design a lot of testing a lot of building before we can actually do it. But no new inventions are needed to get humans to Mars and to keep them alive there. So MIKE
Where do we start with their? Where were you when he says no new inventions marked wait, let's back back? Ok, so it's not like. We don't know how to get to Mars. We how to get to Mars right, but only but he's right as far as coming back is where a lot of the cost is mean, that's a lot of dangers, the guys, went to the moon when they went there, they they now have their land they have to get back. It was another launch, though they had from the moon. My Collins aims speaking about it said that, when on APOLLO eleven, he was pretty sure he would be able to come back alive because he didn't have the added complexity of landing having too long, I call- and it was not a man module- they never lay right. Even alone Buzz Buzz older Neil Armstrong alone, they were, there is a much different restoration for them and they were worried about the the abort light, and nor did he have to abort before they landed and so on, because once you got you had to be able to come back, and it is really risky he's right about all that. But as far as I know, but that's kind of the point is to come back. If you want to come back
You have to do yet, but if you want to come back, you know sign and for his mission. So what you're? So you can find. People who want to go and stay on Mars? Yes, but he wants to people to arrive alive correct I've even say we want people to die half way. Now that I agree with you can do what two hundred thousand. Applicants down to a hundred and guess what I've got. One of those hundred on video call right now Ryan Migdol is a man he's a master student in physics at Oxford University in the UK, and we throw to him right now. You got him online. Very, so. You're you're, one of the successful candidates, were so what
why did? Why? Did you show up among the two hundred thousand, what special talents did you have working? Basically, guess about the mind they now you need to be able to rapidly large quantities, information and be able to apply them in an unfamiliar context, because a good brain. You can be taught without us girls you require. Obviously I either I've got to help me. I saw my differential equations and the like, very little about medicine, for instance, which will have to learn? As always, so I think I have demonstrated that I can learn the skills they need to be able to train for missions. So there was an exam. They gave you to demonstrate this talent, yes, but we voted in tests individuals up this point is the dynamic, which ultimately decides who gets does elected? You guys training for this and that still coming on yeah you're right! That's why I think it is the one thing: I've noticed the older one hundred counties, this point sharing common asset. We fundamental optimist,
who are in this in order to give something back to the war is always know about running away. Two miles of leading problems behind is about how we can make up about it. About its k, bigger problems who even dare to hear that a lot of unpaid credit candidly joining the contracts. My my students mainly didn't say anything about me, but you'll be leaving family and friends and loved ones on earth and you're. Ok with that, rather they ok with that. Well, my family's has always been very supportive of everything I wanted to do life. They know that this is why I want to do more than anything else, and I want to do it for the right reasons. If my involvement as a kindness mission can get even a single young persons, I about space exploration is more than with me
It seems, are fans couldn't get enough of Richard Dawkins this season. Also among your topics was exploration of science and religion with studio gas, Reverend James Martin, CO, host Eugene Merman joins us to figure out if science and religion are compatible, as you may know, atheist as a community are ranked last in who anyone would elect to high office. The last after you know, serial killer her of em. It is because their preachy, and so there is in some ways a bias, a discriminatory force in society against atheists. Have you thought this right. Let me leave with the clear picture and then we'll get your reaction to Richard Dawkins in my office I think you're exaggerating the desire of the secular movement to convert everybody to open.
We were not like missionaries knocking on the doors of set saying, have you have you found Jesus or have you not soldiers? Yes, it for any loss, Jesus, it isn't really like that. It's wrong. It's rather more. We want to convert to not to a fearsome but to the view that a future, but should should not be discriminated against, that that there should not be the trio message. You're, a message and its. It is a very important one in the United States where, where, if you can't get elected to Congress, if you don't have to say yes, unconverted, I'm now and not born again atheists, but you have to break I'm I'm I'm, I'm really. I no longer will discriminate against somebody because of hidden lack of religion. When I
When I vote, I will look at me, look at the record and and vote on other grounds. There are real problems with young people coming out, just like the wars coming out, his gay with their parents, I'm a new unit teenager thrown out of the house. Because they ve come out as an atheist. While I'm sick room with an atheist should not be discriminated against, and I should say you know the old saying some of my best friends or atheist agnostics, but I also say No, it's ironic, you he said he's not a missionary, but it does have a mission. I mean his mission he's written all these books in his mission is to convince people not only the the lid the eighth isn't, but that you know religious people are paid. You really looking toward the door. Missionary legends remission ties to the thing that kind of compels him incense amounted to convince people that not only that atheists- and this is correct, but also that religious people are basically idiots and also more talking about discrimination. We have to be careful. There are placed
where people who are religious, you know, are seen as basically insane or idiots so there exists an criminal unless you have the power to do so This is a well known fact. You can't say that atheist discriminating is anybody when atheist or not in charge of anything. Are you I mean I'm bars runner there I mean I'm, not. I'm not gonna claims discrimination, but there have been places where I have been in social situations and in all public events, where people assume the that your basic, that I am basically an idiot or I don't believe in evolution, I don't believe in science or I'm small minded or I'm homophobic or I'm sexist or whatever, because they were a collar or because I'm religious. So there is that who started the conversation with that bias against you, yeah yeah. So I do experience that so put everyone lightened them right, and I think I am that's why I don't associated with any label other. Then that is a scientist I don't even know. I said, you're gonna have to have the conversation with me,
then formulate whatever that you want to call me after that, and that's why I think historians, whatever the hell, I'm not. I think Evan. You want to call me, after that, hydrogen, that's why it's difficult our we shouldn't say: religious people think this or religious people think that, because it is a label that is applied to people and often applied to make them seem uneducated, insane or just idiots, and, as is as if you have to check your brain at the door, let's check in. On Bill Nuys, weekly rat in science. Religion coexist. Well sure there are billions of deep. They religious people all around the world who accept the laws of nature, as we discovered through the process of science, most of these brought to me that we started with was developed the islamic world, about a millennium ago and the calendar that
everybody uses all over. The world was developed by Jesuit priest. The Vatican has its own astronomer for cryin out well, but from time to time, you'll meet people who insists that the earth is somehow six or ten thousand years old. Let's just now, When we look at rocks like this, we can find where radioactive elements have. He's, not radioactive elements that have the same chemistry and we determine that the earth is about four point: five, four billion years, all not thousand year about half of what we were. We learn informally in places like this and museums So I encourage you all to come to a museum like this one and listen to the rocks. One of the most
Chronic voices of our time emanates from Sir David at and he's a BBC broadcaster a naturalist whose filmography spans the attire breath of life on our planet. Is this episode the story of life on earth. My co host, Eugene, ermine and guest build. I dig into my conversation with a man whose widely considered a british national trust, Often voted as the person most wanted to be everyone's grandfather. Europe, so modesty is huge and need to repeat that here everyone knows it, but what intrigues me about it is: it is spans the entire breath of life on earth. It's not just mammals as we all favour in zoos and things, it's not just birds as bird collectors. Would it sex, it's plants, but here's. What have you done? One finger I mention here
She didn't, as you were at rightly infer. Farms, are not some guy, I'm not part driver kingdom altogether, but challenge any one single subject with covering that's a history of life, but in fact it's a history why they appeared and in order that why they change into the way there. That's, an important socio cultural observation because we look around the world and we say this is what kind of life that another kind of like here's one kind of plant and what you're saying is: I'm gonna put words in your mouth, but if we take a step back put it all together, take this is life on earth and we're part of that system. That's a whole well. That's what I've been trying to do. All my life really difficult succeeded. That's rather men you can't conical. They are. You life. In surprisingly, data Lang caught a short period of life, starts in the deep sea and leads to different kinds of investments shells stations and shrimps and then their fish with that burns. Efficient backbones emerge
twelve Landon come out to Vince's light skin snow tubing. That's kinda, get dry skins, income, reptiles, and some of the reptiles turn their scale skins into feathers and become birds, and the others tell them into? Has does the biology when a one in a thirty. Second, that's what the history you can put as much or little detail on that's gonna at and you have put great detail on it. Are you hopeful about our future as humans on earth? I think our grandchildren looking back saying those lights back there, the beginning of the twentieth century. The first century had good much better me. Now. I think that's so you're not afford our future is. Can I think going to get worse or less comfortable in yet more comfortable for some people. Some people haven't, got it pretty good. Now I mean that they will. I they disappear from that part of world, or else living standards will be increased a bit
but by and large I mean the people living high on the heart, which is you me. Equivalence were quite so high And so it is a reality check on the excesses of modern life I so he's he thinks we're spot. Is that every sides, as you talk till I don't care what their particular concentration. If they know anything about, science does not hold for nobody says you know what I'm gonna think right having people need to wake up and realise that every single scientific mind in the world basically says
you know what we might be in trouble bill are, you hope, workers, Europe you're? Our last hope here I'm not always optimistic if you're, not optimistic, you're not going to take action to get things done, but I say it's gonna be a close call, and this is not an extraordinary claim. It's gonna be a tough not to crack. So what we want to do is have a fee for carbon carbon dioxide production and then what return of feed the people power to the people and because I do not build a communist had had I known before, invited him on the show, but here's the trouble. I can hear TED crews right. Here's the trouble where's the model for this collect using wealth from the public and redistributing it to the people. Well, Now don't call that socialism and where is it in the United States, Alaska Alaska has the
last, never reverse income tax, hats, that's right, ok to states and also the state makes money up. My wife came from Alaska, like that yes, every family area? Is a thousand dollars per autonomy is now or its eighteen hundred in her day was a thousand dollars per member of the family, which also meant you might wanna, have more babies right it's per year, and this is the it's called it: its attacks, negative tax rate for their oil profits production in his ok. So we could do this and this would provide economic. Incentives, which I think is the key to getting your dough.
This is a start. I welcome back just like we reaching back into the seas and six archive to listen to some of your favorite conversations with her, We were able to narrow down our favorite moats, one of your favorite episodes featured my interview with Professor Brian Cox, along with co host made Higgins join me under the Hayden Sphere of the hidden planetarium to discuss the value of science? Is there any tradition? Forgive my ignorance here of british superhero. Or is it really in american phenomenon? So good question pretty safe here and there must be one I'm gonna get you see, there is, if you have to say, I wonder, is surely not them did not in the homes
severe. Now he's got it almost its powers of deduction. He doesn't have physical, powers. Bolivar superheroes can do something no other human on earth can do what you can imagine Jim being Sherlock Holmes. We can my iron there's an engineer so so he doesn't have superpowers in himself. Disease is all right, so you confess. Could you don't buy just gimme one from british culture? So if it's not that it's interesting to me that is an american king. Arthur The thing is named: suspended anime either rise up people sword, but that's it right impressive demand.
He's been around. This law goes well. Obviously nobody can undermine what I'm probably here for the first time is try to understand what is in the american psyche that we generate superheroes by the dozens, and here we have a culture as near to american culture as exist in the world in the UK, and there isn't this tradition of superheroes saving the day, we're superveillance to go against the superheroes. I so I'm curious. What's behind that? Maybe that's part of the american culture needs to be calibrated that you have this idea from Kennedy speech. I've always thought actually, but that that speech that Kennedy made was that, for me, is the image of America that I have wishes. We choose to go to the We got his Asia because it's hard that that are we build a rocky ab materials that have not been invented to dedicate. That's wonderful thing and it seems to me to be quite a uniquely sending twentieth
three american ideal that you can do this evening. How can the moon before these decades out that's a superhero thing today. Isn't it yes unable to be celebrated? Just thinking about that? That's, maybe we already manageable psyche. Might we not have gone for the moon? we didn't have superhero mission state, I had to ask This has been in the news what go on that one way trip to Mars dodgy collecting those opinions using because he's like here, U K, competitions, the airlines would be go. What do you know? Why? Don't you go to Mars? Prior automotive? Don't come back, let's check it out. So their plans for people take one. My trip to Martha you sign it. Today, but I would anyone want to date thousand the people have lined up to go on this one way trip to Morrow. I know, but I wasn't evident the trader. The great thing about APOLLO with
it's her it was. It was always Kennedy. Speech was not used to go, go to the main uncommon safely back to address the difficult better keywords safely is totally particularly difficult. I think it would be difficult to gonna want my trip to the main nothing even now you could do it, but he's getting off the main again. Ok, source not attack is not as technologically challenging the full round trip, but the idea of just pitching on another planet. If it didn't appealed to me, I don't think much to do to very few restaurant. Some miles vertically but it isn't really. I mean anything just in that that they did. The framework is a reality. Tv show centrally the it is that war exploration has has become. Is that what we want exploration to be a reality tv show, I'm not sure we will. I am sure I don't think that's why formation,
you don't want to tell you that, no, I don't. I don't want that to be the way that we have to resort to funding, essentially killing loaded which is essentially what it is on. Television. That's what everybody days is that really the way we want to fund the expansion of differences knowledge is not really sure one of my favorite conversations the season your number one favorite episode according to your votes, was about the future of humanity with the one and only Elon Musk. He's. The ceo of Space Tax and Tesla Motors and its causes to be a real live iron man, Tony Stark, compost, Chuck nice and science guess bill nigh the science guy jointly to explore the future of our world with man who is helping to forge it and when I was in college I so what are things that are most going to affect the future of humanity in the electric car solar power? Essentially
Annabelle most people think- and I just want a job when I get out reshape humanity. As an undergraduate, I mean it's pretty in America's pretty easy. Keep yourself alot, sir. My threshold for existing, pretty low suffering acted like the sun dingy apartment with my computer and be ok. I'm not start effect. When I first came to North America and Canada, seventeen and just a sort of see what it takes to live. I'd try to live on one dollar a day, which is how do you suggest by food in bulk, earmark, rice and beans, and now it was for the hot dogs, cats, dogs and oranges. Are you really tired, Hoddan oranges, after awhile and Repose, IKEA Pasta and a green paper and a big thing of source and that can go pretty far too sounds like Cato backing for a dollar a day, then, at least for a food costume point was pretty easy
like thirty dollars in a month old things if I'll be ok, ok, so that allowed you do not have to worry about money has wanted the experiment experiment exactly so. This was important psychological philosophical anchor for you know yet what words in her mouth, but that's a starting point to watch anywhere. You want to go yeah
and certain I've got a baseline of life baseline from which to go new places, intellectually psychologically financially. So what came first thought of an electric car or thought of space when you starting out in college, I can eat pressure sophomore year like if this soft mark philosophical wanderings and I try think ever get one of the things that it would seem to me would most affect the future of humanity. Don't really five things, three of which I thought would be six be involved in the three that I thought were were definitely positive would be the internet, the stable energy, both production and consumption and space exploration. More specifically, the extension like the under on power bases, and then, although I never thought I would actually be involved in that, that's that was based on Africa's important in the abstract, but not something I thought I would ever. Production to be involved in the fourth one was artificial intelligence and the first one was rewriting human genetics. These are just the fighting threshold most affect the future of humanity. Subtracted you on it.
Humanity. When you went to college. I didn't want to change my underwear when I was a kid engineer. Man do you agree with this list? Yes, be cool ass, cool ass, we have included educating women and girls raising still living women girls, so that the human population of the world will slowly become more manageable, a greater
thing: the loss, intellectual capital from a trash, real standpoint, the biggest problem when he saw and heard the century is sustainable production and consumption of energy. This really is quite a serious problem. People really should take us quite seriously. Even if you put the environmental consequences of dramatically changing that chemical composition of the oceans atmosphere aside, we will eventually run out of oil. We that is well. If we don't find a solution to burning oil for transport and we then run out of oil, the economy will collapse in civilization, will come to an end or, as we know it with or without global warming was so that what exactly I mean, and so, if we
No, that we have to offer. We get a boil, no matter what we know that that is an escaped ble outcome is simply a question of why not. If, then, why would you run this crazy experiment of changing the chemical composition of the atmosphere, oceans by adding enormous masses? Here too, there have been buried since the pre Cambrian Era- that's crazy! That is the dominant parliament in history. By far from it, it's not even think of a dollar experiment, I honestly nine. What good could possibly come of it. So therefore we need another solution here, but of course, electric car still uses call this. We need sustainable production,
like solar and wind, which can still charger your car. Yes, Munich, my word but artificial superintendence these days. I think- and I say this publicly- I think it's maybe something more dangerous than nuclear weapons, so we should be really careful about that. If there was a very deep super digital super intelligence that was created that could go into rapid recursive self improvement in a non logarithmic way, then that would in itself worry yes, so like it just reprogram itself to be smarter, rate very quickly and do that twenty four hours a day on millions of computers? Well, then, I then that's all she wrote that until she writes, I mean we will be like a pat laboratory for like you I wouldn't elaborate over their pets. Look like a friendly screecher! Look, it's not domesticated,
We will be exactly lap pets to them. Yes, I mean it or something strange is gonna happen, though, keep the docile humans and get rid of the violent ones, and I read the docile humans yeah emulate the utility function of the little superintendents is of stupendous. Important is what is it try to optimize and we need to be really cap, always saying. Oh, how about you unhappiness because it in I made conclude that all unhappy human should be terminated and in which it will be just be captured and with doping. In answer to her. We interact intemperance maximize happy happiness because its concluded that doping, its return and our course happiness. Therefore, they have therefore maximizing I'm just saying I say we should exercise pushing. You been listening to start operating, join us next time for part two of our
time, capsule show where we will relieve your favorite cosmic query moments. That's all for now! As always, I beg you to keep looking lockdown lay I'll drop, the organs. Which you can listen. The star talk, commercial free joint start talk on Patria for as little as five dollars per month and the ads will disappear. Learn more at patriarch dot com slap star, talk, radio.
Transcript generated on 2020-01-25.