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Kudzu: Maligned Vine

2021-06-21 | 🔗

Kudzu is a semi-woody, perennial climbing vine in the pea family. How did it get its reputation for being an unkillable menace? And was it really introduced to stop erosion, only to get completely out of hand? 

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This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
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over how GM new electric vehicles can take you further at gm dot com, nobody in welcome to stuff human, in history, glass, a production of Iheart radio. Hello and welcome, but the podcast I'm tracery bewildered and I'm here. In writing. I grew up North Carolina in mind, and it was very common when I was a kid driving around to see these huge fields of cut climbing all over everything from fields to trees. Telephone posed like abandoned tobacco, Barnes and people talked about this plants almost like it was a monster appetite with They called it. The vine that eight the south and described it as being almost uncontrollable and also teeming with stinging biting insects and maybe venomous
makes, and maybe even like murderers hiding in their sounded like the worst plant in the world. I also got the basic story that they had introduced this plant, the United States to stop erosion and it got com we out of control. So the other day there was a random headline that does took me down a train of thought to cut zoo, and I started wondering how much of that basic story. I heard as a kid was really true, and also who was they in this story is produced. Kazoo specifically, was that that's how we got this episode, so poor little level setting and what could do is come to. You is a semi woody, perennial, climbing vine. It's actually in the p family. There are at least fifteen different speed.
sees in the genus Pew Area and the one that's prevalent in the United States is pure area, Montana Variety, Lobata or Jes Pew area lobata cuts are, you has Harry vines and try fully. It leaves meaning that each leaf is made up of three leaflet. So, at a glance, young cuddly vines cameras no poison. Ivy boy. Have I made that mistake before, but poison Debbie is glossy here, and those hairs are routes that it uses to anchor itself and climb surfaces. codes. You, on the other hand, climbs by twining around itself. Around other objects, cut zoo is also a flowering plants. It produces flowers for the first time when it's about three years old and those flowers smell like grape candy, their typically purple, but they can also come in shades, better, more red or more pink, and these flowers first form seed pods, but most of the time only a couple of seeds in each pod or viable. They can also take a
really long time to Germany like years so, while its possible for people to collect and intentionally propagate these seeds, most of cudgel spread comes from the plant sending out run, these runners forum nodes roughly a foot apart with a new route forming at each node. This is a deciduous plant, so it drops its leaves after the first hard frost and it leaves this Matt of Brown vines behind. I can't speak for anybody else, but when I was a child I thought cuz, he was actually pretty like relatively an attractive plant in the green month was arrested, but I'm not so much that vine grows back in the spring, though, and
the rise in places that have an average rainfall of about forty inches or a hundred and one centimetres or more also with a long growing season and mild winters. And that means that cut zoo is especially suited to places that have a humid sub tropical climate. Like the South Eastern United States, where it is a notoriously ways of plant and parts of eastern and South Eastern Asia and nearby Pacific Islands, which are its native region, in particular we in the United States cuts Zoo has become most associated with Japan in Japanese, its known as kazoo, and sometimes it's also called japanese arrowroot, its part, the group of traditionally admired plants known as the seven herbs of autumn, the first written reference to cut zoo in Japanese is a poem that dates back to the year. Six hundred
said. The dictionary known as the Whim Yo Show, which was compiled during the hay on period, describes cuddly leaves being eaten as a wild. Vegetable cut zoo has been widely used all over its native region. for all kinds of purposes. For millennia codes, you start acts as a thicker, similar to feel a which is made from sassafras Cuds. You, starch and cutting flower also used to make other foods like noodles and multi, and to quote foods before frying them. The leaves the flowers in the routes are all edible and bees can make cuts. You honey The flowers cuddly routes can be just enormous and they have also been an important food source during times of famine in Asia. In China. Japan and Korea cuts. The EU has also been used to make textiles separating out the plants fibre and using it to weave cloth
The oldest mention of this textile in writings is from the work of chinese philosopher Confucius in the fifth century b c e, Cuddies stems and vines have also been used to make paper and to weave baskets for hundreds of years or more. Various parts of the cuts in pulling up are also used extensively and traditional shy he's medicine Kanzi with an ingredient in a tea, but has been used as a treatment for alcohol abuse for more than a thousand years. Doctors wing being Chung and Bert L Valley of Harvard University studied this treatment in China and they isolated and active ingredient to test its effect on hamsters. Their work was published in the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in the ninety nine bees, and and suggested that this substance was effective both at suppressing the appetite for alcohol and for helping to improve the function
alcohol, damaged organs. Subsequent research into the same basic thing has also continued to be pretty promising. Traditional chinese medicine practitioners also use kazoo to treat high blood pressure my green circulatory problems and pain, while trip Colonel chinese medicine is based on the idea of balancing and supporting the flow of cheese through the body, western metal
research has found that could do. Preparations can contain high concentrations of flag annoyed, which are in tax avoidance that may have a physiological effect on all of those conditions. The japanese text say Cathy Rogue, who or account of processing Cuds you starch was written by occur, Nuggets, Sunni and illustrated by our Isaak, who Cuba, who was a student of previous pine, cast subject catching a hooker sigh. This text was written and about eighteen, twenty eight and its description of this plant nods to something that later made cuts, zoo so popular in the United States. It describes Cuds you as a quote useful thing in useless places because, in addition to all of these many many uses we just discussed. It could grow in very poor soil and on steep mountain slopes that couldn't really be used for other purposes. Even in its native region. Cuds, you can grow up
in damage other plants and built structures if it has left unattended, but at the same time, various other factors you We keep from getting out of control, there's competition from other plants. Also native to the ecosystem. Various fungi and other pathogens. Fact Cuds. You are endemic in Asia, but they just don't exist in many other parts of the world Searchers have also identified dozens of insects, species that feed on cuts zoo in China and Japan, eating the routes or. leaves or sucking the moisture from the stems. One of these is the Japanese cut, zoo bug, and that is going to come up again later. Kazoo has been introduced to lots of places outside of its native range. Its naturalised and of Central Asia, Southern Africa, Central America, Coastal Australia and various Pacific and caribbean islands being
apps realized means that its able to reproduce and sustain itself in these areas where it's been introduced without the help of human beings, invasive plants are a subset of naturalised. plants. Not only can they reproduce and sustain themselves without people's help, but they also have the potential to cause exe maker, ecological damage, not naturalised plants are invasive, but all invasive plans are naturalised. The National Union for the conservation of nature has listed cuts zoo, as one of one hundred worst invasive species in the world, but the you see and also notes, there's one specific place where it's really a serious past and that is in the South Eastern United States. We will get to how could see was introduced to the south Eastern? U S after a quick spots or break this episode of stuff. You miss than history classes,
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what you need to know before you go on Disneyworld dot, com, valid admission and park, reservations required. one of them any popular but ultimately questionable at best ideas that was for around in the nineteenth century was a climate cessation. When we have talked about this on the show before it's been in the context of colonists who were nostalgic for the flora and fauna of whom and then tried to introduce those species into the places that they were then living And this is often really not gone well at all one example from
back in the archive, that's been a Saturday classic a little more recently is british colonists in Australia who missed having rabbits around, so they brought some rabbits to Australia, and that has been causing problems for more than a hunter fifty years, but some are climate cessation proponents in the. U S looked at things more broadly, they Andy, heated, bringing all kinds of plants and animals from all around the world in introducing them for the sake of quote, improving what was available in North America after the eighteen, fifty three Perry, expedition, forced Japan to start trading with the west. This climate, cessation movement included japanese plants. One major proponent of this was horticultural is Thomas Hog who served as U S, counsel in Customs Service, adviser in Japan, from eighteen, sixty two to eighteen. Seventy four hog sent a lot of joy,
beneath plants and feeds to his brother, James, who owned a nursery business as well as to other competing nursery owners. He wasn't just trying to help his brothers business out. He also really thought it was important to send these plants to the United States. It get them established. Hog was one of the people who introduced a Japanese, not weed just also considered and base of. In the. U S to the United States. Thomas is not known to have sent James any comes. You say balls, but the hogs are an example of how there was already a lot of interest in acquiring and growing japanese plants in the? U S in the late nineteenth century, part of a general fascination with and eagerness For anything, Japanese, so when cuddly was first showcase to the japanese Garden pavilion at the eighteen, seventy six Philadelphia sent Neil exhibition people were ready at this exhibition. Kenzie was shown
I merely as an ornamental plant one that would provide fast growth, shade, along with beautiful fragrant flowers. Cuddly made another appearance at the world: Cotton Syn any all that was held in New Orleans starting in eighteen. Eighty four: this is another worlds fair and it introduced the cuckoo. Vines are more people who are living in the hot humid south. Soon this plant had been nicknamed porch vine with people planting at around porches and courtyards and training it up our than trellises to provide additional shade in the south Eastern. U s these newly planted porch rinds could grow up to a foot a day during warm sunny weather or about sixty feet. Eighteen metres over the course of one growing season. I imagine sitting on your part just watching it expire The slovak people were in additionally, training. This grows up their ports railings and onto trellises rather than inquiry.
it to run along the ground, but it still didn't take long for people to notice that cuts. It could spread aggressively if they didn't keep it cut back. What The people who noticed cut Zeus Troublesome potential was David, fair child who worked for the USDA, while working as a plant explorer in Japan. He had seen cut zoo being used in pastures for livestock to graze on, so he tried planting some around his home in nineteen o too. Not just trailing it up the porch and he found that it quickly became really overgrown and hard to manage welfare child expressed his concerns about the plant to the USDA. It wasn't until one thousand nine hundred and thirty eight that he published an account of his experience in his book. The world was my garden travels of a plant explorer that experience
spending more than two hundred dollars trying to eradicate the codes you on his property before eventually selling it, at which point the new owner, pastured a cow on it over an entire summer, That's like that's like two hundred dollars in nineteen thirty many yeah that is a significant, never having added value, and he did and he was a kind of gave out a velvet cow, its haunted with currency. Meanwhile, in Florida, Charles and Lily, please were also growing Cuds you they had originally planted it to provide shade, but then Charles had moved some of it to another spot on their property. Soon he noticed that their farm animals seem to really like to eat it and also grew really quickly. Once it was established in the animal seem too,
I've on it, so the pleases established, Glenn, Arden Nursery to sell this seemingly miraculous forage plant and nineteen. Twenty five Charles also wrote a pamphlet, called cut zoo. Coming forage of the south, the play started? Selling Cuds you through mail order and before long they faced an investigation for suspected male fraud. The? U S. Postal service doubted their claims, the plants heartiness and dramatic, growing speed. The postal inspectors. Doubts apparently disappeared after an in person visit to their farm in nineteen, sixty seven a historical marker was erected on highway. Ninety and cheaply Florida. I know where that is Commemorating the please development of cuts you as a commercial crop. One article that I read when irish researching this claimed people from Georgia and Alabama will go down there to spit on it. I mean you know people Do things
for many reasons. So as food for livestock cuddly really was remarkable when cut and bailed as hey, it could be harvested twice or sometimes even three times in its ease in animals could also graze directly on it. their pastors and nutritionally. It was similar to alfalfa, although because it had this woody Vining is to it, but just took more work to harvest it and bail it that additional work and people's experiences with their overgrown porch vines made a lot of most reluctant to try Cuds you as forage, though in many areas, people only planted cut zoo in places where the soil just would not support any other crop. But in some areas there were special incentives.
for example, in nineteen, twenty, the central of Georgia Railway, gave out free Cuds you plan to farmers. The idea was that they would farm Cuds, you hey, which they would then need the transport by rail growing Cuds you as forage involved some built in checks on the plants growth. Farmers who grew cuts due to be used as hey, were cutting it down at least twice the season and those who were plan to get in there grazing pastor is actually had to make sure their animals didn't graze on it too aggressively because overgrazing could kill it. So, even as bore people were planting cut zoo, its reputation was still more mixed. The notorious people mostly saw it as a valuable shade plant and forage plant, but one that required some extra effort and attention by the nineteen teens agricultural experiment stations around the South EAST were also work.
with Cuds you documenting how best to propagate and care for it, measuring how it grew and studying how it impacted the soil, and through this search. Several things became clear. One was it comes. You took some work to establish, but once a seedling had taken root, it was hardy and grew very quickly, another was that it replenish some of the nutrients in the soil, and the third was that its root system and vines could stabilize tops oil and reduce or even correct erosion. This discovery is what really lead to the proliferation of kids you around the south eastern nineteen thirties, and we will get to that after a sponsor break. Fifteen minutes could save your fifty. Percent or more is that Shakespeare? No, it's guy I hate that Shakespeare from one of his unpublished works, which being what for awakening, nay, start the berries for free
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well known ecological disaster to strike the United States in the nineteen thirties was the dust bowl. The federal government had forced indigenous peoples off of their land in the great plains and then granted land to homesteaders who ploughed under the native grasses in favour of planting crops like wheat and corn. These farming methods were not appropriate This land or the climate at all, irresponsible farming practices combined with severe droughts and high winds, leading to huge destructive dust storms that stripped even more of the top soil away. What's less well known today is that erosion was also an enormous problem. In the South Eastern United States, the soil had been pleaded through Mona cropping, especially with crops like cotton and tobacco, bull, evil. Infestations, droughts and the great depression had all caused huge economic hardships for farmers
many of whom abandon their farms to try to find paying work elsewhere. Much south eastern. U S is prone to brief, but intense thunderstorms in the spring and summer, which washed away the time soil and left gullies behind in both the dust Bowl Stay, and in the South EAST. These problems were directly connected to the ongoing legacies of colonialism. Every and the forced displacement of indigenous peoples, the United States, soil erosion service was established in nineteen thirty three. As part of the National Industrial Recovery ACT, it was expanded into the soil conservation service under the Soil Conservation ACT of nineteen thirty five. These services were both part of the new deal. That's the collection of projects, programmes and reforms that were championed, President Franklin D, Roosevelt. In the wake of the great depression, the idea was not only to restore the depleted soil and
reduce erosion, but also to provide work through the civilian conservation core and the works Progress administration, this erosion, service and soil conservation service tried using various plants to contain, all around him in the southeast cuts seem to have a lot of potential Cuds. You can grow poor soil and it has a symbiotic relationship with nitrogen fixing bacteria and could replenish the nitrogen and the soil. The play broad leaves sheltered the soil from heavy rain research at once, conservation service experiment station found that soil undercuts. You had eighty percent, less water, I'm off and ninety percent, less soil loss than soil that was under cotton. Kazoo forms a really big Matt as it grows, and those mats could traps sediment and that allowed the plant to actually fill in gullies overtime. You can also grow along steep Gulf
walls where other plants really could not, and then on top of all of that cuts zoo that was being used for erosion control could also be harvested for hay or used as grazing land as well. Research at agricultural experiment stations also suggested that covering a field in Cuds you and ploughing it under after a period of years, could restore the soil and improve future. Crop yields between one thousand nine hundred and thirty five and one thousand nine hundred and forty two, the soil concert in service raised one hundred million Cuds, you seedlings in nurseries in Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Alabama in and Georgia. The? U S gun and offered an incentive of up to eight dollars, an acre to farmers who were planting, cut, zoo, control erosion Cuds, you could all prevent erosion on a highway and railroad cuts and embankments so high. We d
men's and railroad companies work eligible for that incentive as well. So the spread of country was also tied to the proliferation of automobiles and the highways that were built to accommodate them. They? U S. Department of Agriculture also work to assuage farmers, fears about this plant, Adrian Peters Principle, agronomist wrote, cut, zoo of forage crop for the South EAST and nineteenth to this was distributed as USDA leaflet. Nine be one and it included this language under the headline cut zoo, not a past which ice it made me laugh out loud. The first time I read this headline quote: there is no danger that cut zoo will become a pest. True, the growth, if uncontrolled, will make a tangle of vines likely to smother bushes and even small trees, but in fields heavy grazing or cutting at once reduces the stand and weakens the growth. Hogs will eat the starchy routes and destroy it
damned the few plants that remain can be readily killed by digging them by the late Nineteenth thirties cuds. You had been introduced to every state in the south Eastern. U S in in thirty. Nine are why Bailey of the soil conservation service rode up a thirty page, booklet called Hudson for erosion control in the South EAST, with a slightly revised addition being printed in nineteen. Forty four, pamphlet, walk through the need for a heavy duty plant to control erosion and mitigate the effects of quote overproduction of clean tilled cash crops it included information on how to plant and care for codes. You on different types of slopes and indifferent. Configuring
since, as well as using it as part of a crop rotation to replenish the nutrients in the soil, and this pamphlet once again reiterated quote cut zoo is not passed. There is a rather prevalent belief that cuts zoo is likely to become a serious past if planted in or near cultivated. Land. Experience has shown that this belief is unfounded. The habits of growth, of cut zoo, make its control very simple. This plant grows only from by that the crowns and at the nodes, vines there are no, but then the roots below the crowds, nor the vines between the nodes. New plants are established only by the formation of routes at the nodes vibes which are in contact with the ground. The growth made by these routes during the first growing season is not suffice. To make them difficult to break loose by a plough when the land is broken. The following spring: this brochure goes on to say, I quote the question
frequently arises as to the possibility of codes you becoming a serious past where it is planted in areas adjoining woodland, the vine, sometimes
over a few trees along the border. But the damage done to an established stand of trees is no more serious than the effect of the trees uncultivated land, where a vigorous stand of cuts. Zoo adjoins a plantation of young trees, serious damage to the trees may result. Unless steps are taken to prevent its spread into the trees. Encroachment of cuts zoo into woodland, either young or mature, can be prevented by making one trip along the border between the codes you and the trees three or four times during each growing season, with a drag hero, a one horse spring two's hero or with a plough to drag the runners back from the trees. In some instances, farm roads between cuts, zoo and woodland areas are used as effective barriers between the two types of plantings before world war to the United States had been getting most of its cosiest seedlings from Japan as diplomatic relations.
Between the two countries started to crumble. The soil conservation service turned its attention to harvesting seeds and collecting cuttings to transplant domestically. Rather than importing them from Japan in the nineteen, forty is one of the most vocal proponents of cosy was chaining cope of Georgia, who called Cuds you a miracle vine. He had bought a cent. an hundred acre farm in nineteen, twenty seven and arrange did so. The different pastures contain different forage plants and he could move his cattle from one to the next, as the seasons changed. Cuddy was best for may two October and also served as insurance against drown. Cope called this method quote front porch farming, because once everything was
We did if you had binoculars or a telescope to check of things and electronic controls for your gates. You could just do it all from your front. Porch that you didn't. You didn't need to raise food crops to sell this plan all your fields. This way, Canna shift the cows from one passed on to the next super easy and his philosophy cope, hosted agricultural officials, dignitaries at his farm and nineteen forty, three. He founded the cut Zoo Club of America and also started a daily early morning, radio programme for farmers that he broadcast from his porch. He also had Bailey column in the Atlanta constitution from nineteen forty five to nineteen fifty copes cuddly club had twenty thousand members at its peak and established a goal of planting eight million acres,
of course in nineteen forty nine he published a book called front porch farmer which sold eighty thousand copies and was also used as a textbook, sometimes cope. Described as the reason why Cuds you became so widespread in the south and while his paper column in radio programme reached a lot of people, an estimated three, million acres of Kurds who had already been planted by nineteen forty five cope was. Definitely one of the most visible and memorable people associated with all of this, though he interview in time and Newsweek and he was nicknamed the profit when the Atlantic Constitution printed a consumer internal in nineteen, seventy six, it called him a cut Sousa. Let get a photo caption of them. I think, by the time cope started. His radio show the U S. Day was kind of starting to walk back its Cuds. You enthusiasm
revised version of cut zoo, forage crop for the southeast that was published in nineteen. Forty three no longer insisted that cuts was not a pest. Instead, it said quote: cut zoo is sometimes a nuisance when growing in places where not wanted It is not hard to kill, however, although it takes a lot of work to remove it from places that cannot be mood and ploughed. It will not stand continuous, close cutting and can be killed by mowing four or five times a year or by close pasturing throughout the growing season, where these methods cannot be practiced. Cutting by hand must be resorted to or some chemical we'd killer used. Then it was becoming increasingly clear that the aggressive use of Cuds you in the south Eastern? U S pad some drawbacks sure if a farmer
pastured cows on codes, you they would naturally limited spread as they grazed as would regularly cutting Cuds you fields to bail into hey, but the vast amount of codes you planted along the road and rail road embankments. That's another story altogether there no grazing livestock or regular mowing going on to keep a controlled plus when the government stopped paying farmers to plant kazoo, they mostly quit doing and get a lot of. Farmers had other options that they kind of preferred, but when it came like there. The road in bank men in the railroad embankments and all that, like cut zoo, is still in a lot of places. The plant that grew the best on that kind of steep slope with indifference or left undisturbed the cuts you that was planted along southeastern highway is that railroads quickly grew into adjoining fields and forests. It grew up utility, poles,
Pulling them down are causing shorts and also grew across the railroad tracks that it was supposed to border, and then is trains ran over it. It broke down into a slippery goo that can do everything from slowing down the trains, progress to even causing derailments and that huge root system I mean the routes can be massive and those seeds that take forever to Germany, also that cuts zoo could crop up again in places where people thought it had been removed and then in an especially in more remote areas that men it could establish another foothold before anybody really noticed in nineteen. Fifty three, the USDA stopped advocating cuts is used for ground cover, an for fodder. The country club of America disbanded sometime in the nineteen fifties as well in nineteen sixty two Soil conservation servants recommended the planting of codes you only in areas that were far away from homes, orchards, forests and fences basis.
Anything that could be overrun if the plant was not carefully managed that same year, Channing COPE died. He had continued to grow kazoo on his property and to advocate for it even after the government had really stopped its support. His property had become increasingly overgrown. He had also refused to allow officials and to try to control it. So he had this secluded property with cuts, zoo covered, arbours and alcoves, and that became popular hang out for teenagers and a story that was attributed to his friend, Philip Cohen. His death followed a heart attack, while he was going out to yell at some teens to get off his prey De as such a heartbreaking, we Mimi death like the lawn in nineteen. To the: U S: government declared Cuds, you a weed and ninety ninety, seven, It was added to the federal noxious we'd act by this point: multiple states in Munich
capacities have laws on the book, prohibiting the planting of cuts you or levying fines for allowing it to spread beyond a person's own property. Although the federal noxious, the list is no longer including Cuds, who it is still classified as a noxious we'd in several states. In the? U S today, Cuds, you is primarily associated with the South EAST and especially the deep south, but it grows in thirty. Two states stretching all the way north two main and west taxes, with a few patches, also found in Washington and Oregon Cuddly, has also been discovered in Southern Ontario Canada. It doesn't proliferate as much in places that are colder or drier than the south Eastern. U S, although I can still sustain itself and spread, and then
of course, there are also concerns about how global warming might expand. This plants favoured range seemingly every source on Cuddy reports that it covers somewhere between seven million and nine million acres of land in the U S today, and that it spreads at a rate A hundred and fifty thousand acres a year and a half ever driven a highway or written on a train and seen huge swathes of cut zoo growing along the banks in up hill sides and covering trees and telephone polls that probably sound Alright, looking out the window, it can feel like you're, seeing the edge of an impenetrable, endless expanse of cuts Zoo as we said earlier, cuts who loves full sign. It can penetrate deep into the trees because just to shady the along the forest floor, get really likes the edges and, if you're in the car, looking out the window like the edges, what you're saying that
problems and nine million acre number also seems to be just hugely inflated. According to an article in Smithsonian magazine by Bill, Finch led horticulture and science advisor to the mobile botanical, Gardens and Alabama. This figure seems to have come from a small garden club publication and not from a rigorous study the? U S, forest services, most recent Cuds, you survey took place in twenty ten and at that point, cut zoo covered only an estimated two hundred twenty seven thousand acres of the forest. Emma? U S spreading by about two thousand five hundred acres a year. There is no official agency measuring how much could see was growing outside of forests, but research, ecologist, Jim Miller, has estimated that cuts. It covers about five hundred thousand acres of urban and suburban Lee and that's a lot, but it is so much less than nine million acres. It is
also a lot less than many other invasive plant species in the. U S, including japanese Honeysuckle, chinese privet, english ivy, air potatoes and tallow trees. In General, Cuds EU is demonized in a way that these other, more widespread and often more destructive plants simply are not. There is even a possibility that the amount cut zoo in the United States, is starting to decline. Although some people argue that we should learn to live with and use cosy, rather than trying to erratic
it officials and property owners all over the country have been working to get rid of it for decades, using everything from aggressive cutting to controlled burns to herbicides, grazing animals, and one of my favorite stories from my research for this in two thousand six goats were being used to try to control kazoo near Chattanooga. They kept to being attacked by dogs, so they brought in donkeys to guard the goats and that didn't work so the next year, these it's to guard Lama. Is I mean if you ve ever seen an angry lama? This makes all the sense on earth absolutely earlier, we talked about how insects feed on zoo in Asia. In one of these, the japanese Cuds you bug was first a mere Atlanta in two thousand nine per possibly having arrived on board an international flight. This bug has since spread to multiple adjacent states and it seems to have reduced
spread of cuts zoo in these areas, in some cases quite dramatically. The japanese Cuds, above all feeds on another invasive plant with Syria, but since it feeds on soybean crops as well, its introduction is not entirely welcomed. Although cuddies physical presence in the South Eastern United States is a lot smaller men as widely reported, its cultural presence is just huge during its heyday and popularity there were things like cuts. festivals and cozy. Pageants includes queens and those mostly faded away as enthusiasm for the plant fell off, but some of them have been revived in more recent years. Country has also become a recurring theme in southern literature, something that mostly started after the plant became more vilified than praised James Dickie published a poem called cuts zoo in the new Yorker in nineteen sixty three, the problem
full of foreboding imagery, including green, mindless uncharitable ghosts, its quoted very frequently in books and articles about cuts zoo, regardless of whether they popular academic, although most sources do not quote its first words: Japan invades the syndicated comic Strip, Kazoo depicted rural southerners and that ran from nineteen eighty one until shortly after its creator, Dagmar, let's death in two thousand and seven number one found justice. Surprisingly large number of poems and my search results of databases containing academic papers that that I can sell for the show Waymore Pole
then I think have been found in any other research process. That was not specifically about a poet number two man. I got so sick of that James Dickie Poem Maiden with more about that in the behind the scenes, especially as cuddies reputation declined after the nineteen fifty that became kind of a short hand. First, southern ness often the idea of codes of conduct associations with poverty and neglect and decline, thanks to photos of it over running things like abandoned Barnes and tractors, but at the same time it still somewhat celebrated with roads, businesses, festivals, music groups, restaurants, breweries and beers, all named after it- and I am sure many other things to back when I was living in Atlanta close to where I lived was with cuts, zoo, antiques, mall yeah, my favorite places to go poke around
Anyway, that's cuts. You brought to you by my personal curiosity, thereby a random headline during the week. Do you serve listener mail, a third issue. This is from William and it is as follows. Our episode on on the Haymarket Riot and Williams of High Holly and Tracy I've been a listener to stuff. You must, in history class for over ten years that I absolutely love the show your unearthed episodes helped inspire me. go back to grad school and get my masters degree and archaeology, maybe one day soon I'll uncover something worth featuring on the show as a resident of Chicago. I will say that has always great to her episodes about the history of our city. The memory of the incident was recently brought back to the fore in an unusual way in twenty eighteen, a new folk Musical called Haymarket Premier in Chicago, and I was able to catch a performance was a fairly small production with the key.
Ass, to doubling its musicians, but was extremely heartfelt and informative. When you mentioned the eight hours of work, eight hours of rest, eight hours for what we will slogan in the episode I caught myself humming a phrase from the musical for the rest of the day. The soundtrack is available on Itunes and Spotify, and I thought you and the listeners may enjoy it, especially in connection with the latest episode. Can't wait for more Steffy Miss in history Class, William, will first off William Congrats on getting your masters and archaeology. I feel honoured that our show had anything to do with your your inspiration. To do that. I think I stumbled across a couple of references to the Haymarket Musical during my research, and it was one of those things that just didn't make it into the episode, but I am glad to check out some songs from it when I have a moment to do so. So thank you, William, for reminding me that giving us
can't talk about it. I'm show if you would like to write to us about this or any other podcast or a history podcast, that I heard radio dot com and were Oliver social media at Mister history a three or find our Facebook twitter Pinterest than Instagram, and you can subscribe to our shared the eye heart radio out been wherever you like. To get your biogas stuff. You missed in history class the production of Iheart radio for more broadcasts, My heart radio visit by her radio have added my or wherever you listen to your favorite shows. This summer, on next question with me, Katy Correct, I'm celebrating the shortest season. With a fine summer series on books, I just in writing. My own memoir, which comes out this October. So I wanted. to spend some time with other people who have shared their stories and put themselves on the page
life such an interesting range of gas people. You might know like Sharon's I think the whole world is probably aware of how much I didn't have boundaries admire like farmers. Theo, Ursula burns. I think that this is. The dream America embodied in my mother. She did it or have followed from afar, like Amanda Cleats, I didn't hug him. I didn't kill him. I dropped him off at the corner. Cedars Sinai, I don't even know if he said Elvis I mean we really thought I'd pick him up in a couple hours mind episodes of my summer series every Thursday six I've and listen on the Iheart Radioactive Apple podcast or wherever you get your favorite shows I'm fine, Bordeaux, buckle up. Beware them!
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Transcript generated on 2021-07-29.