In honor of Isaac Newton’s birthday, Bill Nye and Chuck Nice answer Cosmic Queries about inventions, innovations and scientific discovery, from sewers, to artificial intelligence, to the future of energy, the exploration of Mars and more.NOTE: StarTalk All-Access subscribers can watch or listen to this entire episode commercial-free. Find out more at https://www.startalkradio.net/startalk-all-access/
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This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
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but also the whole document holes are disinclined to place. My friends of the shortcomings backroom deals with the rifle dropping, looking back, relax and obliged to abide by a meal. The grass Thyssen start Toggery ivory scientists and gives me reason to earth. They start talks around five hundred to drink Marjorie Thy alarmed about land. You wouldn't even reaction of its opposite, reactionary, favourable make rapid and accelerated among mankind go a higher plane of on going to discharge, talk all stars: I'm Eurostar hosted evening meal and then this it was of all stars were honouring Sir Isaac Newton here.
Born on December twenty fifth, sixteen forty two as reckoned in Britain, so we Your questions about inventions inventors invent foresees an scientific. Discoveries, Isaac, Newton I'm here by the way with jerk nice. Thank you Man, you know chalk It was Chris this day as reckoned in Britain in Britain, but it was too worth of January in ITALY. Yes, and you know that's because it's like you know it's it's a times. Right. You know it's a little late like right now a complicated I right now it maybe what? What time is it here? Currently, one thirty- and so you know it's it's not that central die So what happened is the say what you will about the Vatican, the catholic church. They had some outstanding astronomers right and they realize that if you add a leap day,
before years indefinitely, your adding too much time right, and you may recall that so out of hand, did it get that Pope Gregory the Thirteenth declared the fifth of October to be followed by the fifteen the marked Ober. I remember that. Well, I wasn't while or doesn't allow go, but I remember that, just like it was the Uno fifteen, seventy rage filled. The thing is just imagine: others went down so you're a tenant and the landlord says you owe me read today. No, I don't. I know you ll run, for we can have no notes as Rainy Day Pope set us. Think of the conflict. Has some it has gone. But if you are, on the other hand, if you're a farmer agriculturalists and you you're doing everything a week in a half late, because its you're just looking at the calendar, then things are, must stop lawyer trouble. If you dont harvest one, it's harvest time ladder, Ratan corn out there, yes or you planted too late. Even worse,
so far, the Pope was so powerful. How powerful was he he threw out ten days, and then they had this brilliant thing that they distort deep. Thoughts about we were talking about this before the show and of those we weren't hip to this hypnotists. It's amazing the. Twenty sixteen this year was a whip here. Yes, as was twenty twelve Cagney, eight twenty four thousand a leap here, but nineteen hundred leap here, not only be eighty hundred not only you're, not a hundred, not only beer. They agree on the century, not only beer, which is where but they real they their scheme is that a few are not divisible by the number four hundred evenly your century. Then you don't get to believe you're. Ok, so the crazy so the because your adding a little too much time about eleven eleven minutes too much time every four years. It's a lot of time,
Eurostat up! So the next adjustment, my understanding is, will be around three thousand eighty. Some of you have to take a meeting what will be the solution then, and three thousand anything drive and extra day was a new year's day day new year's day day part of January, not December, just a day day. That's actually depth, that's cool, very cool. Getting. I know you have kids, but getting either of us, even your children to the year three thousand. Eighty is a challenge in others: things are going now. I think getting any of us to the year three thousand. Eighty, maybe Maybe they get us even to twenty twenty will be. Maybe it isn't when we know what you're saying exactly so our chalk these traditional authority would say You will uphold Gregory the thirteenth. Had this had this really good astronomers very good, astronomical staff. Any
a decision we stuck with it and we're all with it, but in Britain, because of their just had their own breakfas re tax and other, so that this was the pre breaks at breakfast. They ve never lie so there s a logical briggs that seven astronomical astronomical seventy nautical miles from Britain to the mainland, but they still think of themselves. As this other thing, even now so was until seventeen. Fifty six that the british as an gals agreed to go along with the priority count, just think a hundred years of not having the same calendar You gonna do business with him. Who's gonna brandish tax on next year. What happened to you has rightly what it I waited day this, I guess I'm good for two weeks. But what are we doing? What I always tell everybody? I believe that Isaac Newton mother believed that rising,
Odin was being born on Christmas day. Right I mean so. I like to call it Newton S. Isaac, Newton, Birthdays, Newton Muss, is very high, B. We don't have there's no dispute about. Deities in their offspring and what continent had started on right. His or her ancestry. No, it's just Newton S for unto us this day or not. A child is born there's a lot of child born right now, but we have. This is cosmic queries. Yes, it as here in the cosmos you're here in the cosmos and we're gonna, take queries, queries and you are queried SAM. The query as we are the way I want that we received the queer you are- Guy, who asked the question and the clear is that the clear with the queries and we do is happily married. Three children yet How are you ve been there, for that is right
oh, you ve led maritime areas be. This is a matter for eighteen years, it'll be nineteen seal, congratulations to think so. Then the only congratulated me, your wife, a little stress condolences, maybe so the old joke, which I'm still charmed by eighteen years right, remarried nineteen years, some of them happy some of the what you know, what that's all mahars. I think that the negotiation. I'd say we are so here we go. We have queries as they have been gleaned from all over the internet, no matter what it is: Twitter, Facebook and our areas, income NATO's electric media, the kids kids with their with their entered. Phone machines or websites right, sell it on no shared by the way, our banks, the first thing that we always do when we have? A cosmic query is red query from one of our patriotic patrons and yes, hatred on entry on one of the social outlets? There's this also out
where you can support us directly and by doing so, we give you priority during our cosmic queries. Yes can be bought worth are worth every penny right and if you want to support us directly as well make sure you check out star talk. All access, tat com, where you can get its success, exclusive everything that everything that's. You are absolutely right, the term, hence the term access God. That is why you are bill, neither Science God, let's move onto our first one, which means, let's start knit some french ski so they run skis. Frankie, says there's dear doctrine, I, what is your opinion on the advancement of a I technologies? Is it hopeful or worrying and why either? Where do you come down on the whole argument? It intelligent more for it. You every What do you do what I say? I don't know what you do out there, but if you travel at all you,
I go to an airport, you go, you go from check in to the terminal on a train at the train driver has no driver ended determines? How much talk to give to the electric motors, depending on how many people are on board, how much they way, how much their luggage ways right? I did not know that her admit it slows down appropriately soon enough LISA, how many people, how few people on board it works, I set my coffee make her to come on by itself. Right and it's all good the future. Is the coffee then I have been. Thirdly, I have a thermostat debate that keeps track of how I said it. I said it. This way of Monday through Friday, I said it that way on Saturday and Sunday, because you may or may not be hopeless but- and I might get up later
on Sundays or have a little routine. Where I get up later. I was certain radio broadcasts, oh yeah press on, and so it keeps track. So we do coffee. When we get out, we do ok, we do hooray, okay, so what it does is it keeps track of all that ended in tissue paper. What I'm gonna do the next weekend in the weekend after that? Ok, so that what art sure intelligences, it's making decisions in the US for you in the future, based on what has happened in the past, okay- and I think, we're all going be more and more willing to let go of setting the thermostat kind of things every day so now with that in mind and kind of as an addendum to next question. How do you feel about augmented intelligence with respect to decision making when it comes to perhaps endeavours that involve human life, for instance, or ay
driving a car more for really now Lucy, who is worse driving cars in human beings. Do you guys, like all of you, like all of you listening I'm an above average driver? Yes, I know we all are not. Everybody can driver Gimme a break but give me a break bureau de the thing is, you must stay there. You see that guy come over here, you're, just not good at it. I think will be very. Happy to let go of it, which were already doing multitask equally This is to say people our text. Like crazy, while their driving, wouldn't it be better if they, just drive. They were just texting inside and the machine we're doing the driving and the machine keeping track of the other vehicles and agreeing on who goes first through the intersection and who gets to cut in front of whom,
and you know it's funny, but I've just read an article that said the the pinnacle of that will be when every single car has it, because all the cars will actual communicate with one another right. So it's not like. I write like termites yeah absolute Why does everyone thought that that's a great exert termites, apparently have of rudimentary algorithms built into their term medical brains, and they function are able to go back and forth or their passages. Their galleries build a big mounds. Do their termite things, destroy your house, everything without top down management. That's right! They everybody carries out their task as as directive by their place in that that little column org. So should be very doable and people we have mobile phones which hand our calls from cell to sell. We mobilise right so that we can get cars. Do the same thing. Safety systems have to be built in yes,
the start going highway speeds things could go horribly wrong very quickly, then you're always gotta. Have one person's dislike, not gonna. Tell me how to drive I'm gonna override this is well. I think that all go away it s aim way in the same way here in the big city of New York, the earth, the towns or nice. They named twice a week, while there is a subway passenger who just wants to pushes waited for, it is true, but what happens, is all the people around them just sort of don't let em, ok, so What will happen is automatic, driving systems will take into account the crazy person and then they'll be requirement. They'll be recreational driving. Know what that makes sense, but there's recreational horse bearing get which we'd, that was the chief means of transportation and now it's erect we're but you're right, recreational driving and make sense if all the cars are in communication, the one a it says that, tell me how to drive and disables his. Driving all the other car.
We'll go here, we got a whole out here, got a whole rise, a man. That's a man! Let's do this guy's. How do I know you're? Not my in driving, that's but I just seems very reasonable you're, as one thing that's great. So much brain energy and concentration to operate a motor vehicle right. We can work, We can design systems that will do it for us that we have created there ass, they don't come from the automatic, automated driving sky. I circle added. I had said to do great answer build. Thank you. Furthermore, why you're out there this is starch, argued very incur. I very much encourage you, of course, to watch STAR Trek Enjoy STAR Trek turned up. Why start talk will start on both turned up aloud? but the new bill Nigh saves, the world show show about artificial intelligence, which I think will change your life. Please before we go any further says we have done with our first question. Please tell us about building since the world is on
Gonna be on Netflix in the spring. That's the only number they'll give us for an elite is less bring in theirs, fourteen of them in their old. Pretty great I mean I put my heart and soul only an excellent writing staff, amazing crew. So as the saying goes, it's gotta chance I saved the world's got it? I have to tell you there's already already a buzz about people are asking about. All these should be glad there buzzing man or German, ass. They aren't. Let's go to our question. This is Chris Ray you who says: hey Brow, What would you say is the most significant invention, slash discovery. Please limit it to this decade. Thus far and address, is coming to us from the atom clotel? I think we're gonna call crisper, I think, will be the most significant invention or discovery or technique. I gotta think hard about the crisper is an acronym. I know the p is power and dramatic, but
where we re able to replace individual genes. So a guy like you, has some kooky heart condition. You gotta take some cooking hard pills. Yes, I do what we would do your Offspring may have inherited this gene right. This is true, also have sprung from you off, so we could, and in the future window, when your grand kids go to be conceived, we can turn that off. We could perhaps turn that off Then the question is: can you make super super people right? Could you have super chucks that could do super basketball thing. It's scary thought as this approach that was gonna basketball was my dad so you can't and by the way did it ever scare me is. There are those genes in their super chalk? G in the end there, could you activate them and then would we said they have a surfeit of an extra
a bunch of very skilled, lefthanded relief pitchers. Would they like just show our endeavours merits, want left in a really pitcher kid so they do so they'll make millions of dollars or euros anyone after work anymore. Maybe that's what happens the demanding family? You know. Say: aren't you the father? Oh yes, I didn't remember realize I had to think- maybe maybe maybe that'll gene manipulation going on so anyway, this the acronym is crisper, and if I were more prepared, I would be able to travel it off, but no matter how you guys have it's a genetic modification that we all imagine so, then you could have the silk the term which is imperfect, but his cod. Those designer babies, where you have kids, that you have given certain attributes, and especially you ve enabled them or disabled whatever genetic defect or perceived chief defect, they would have. That would be amazing
yeah I'll front ass? It were I to actually know some people with designer babies, because I know quite a few girls with the name with a child name Chanel. So let's get it. I get it it's a cultural. We got a minute and a half years this is gonna. Be brilliant. Here knows that it is, I have to tell you: ok in a minute you can do this Carl Dean Tool says this for deep space, travel protection and rubbed tomorrow's. Can a miniature magneto sphere be created to protect the occupants in the spacecraft, so our world is protected protected by mass magnetic sphere right so Kim. Can we do the same with spaceship? Maybe, but you need a lot of electricity. Oh ok make the earth's magnetic field. Is you?
because it has a huge amount of iron spinning spreading, so not sanity, glee blaming, may be cheaper and easier would be to have a layer of water around the ship. Furthermore, speculated The risk is really that high it increase is your chance of getting cancer? Three per cent of can guarantee that you'd get cancer. Ninety seven times more likely than everybody else. I'd live. Those are two good, especially the astronaut people they're, pretty motivated, let's run for five marathons a week kind of people right and so people speculated the risk. Isn't that high? It's interesting thing the people love to talk about an on both sides. We could never go to Mars because radiation we have to go to Mars, because radiation is not a problem and we'll be back after this and start talking cosmic, whereas with Chuck nice and build. I talk to you in a moment.
I have a little secret, for you I'm gonna considers singing all of the ads on this shell. There's. Just one and where to get out of hearing there, go to patriarch arms last star talk and support. Where does at the five dollar level or higher to listen the star talk ad free you can download all current episodes into your favorite podcast player and never we're here another commercial on star talk ever again, you will definitely not have to hear me saying if you support us at Patria, dark coms. Last our talk, radio, I mean I'm just thinking I mean just SAM This is a start
welcome, back, welcome back bill. Now I hear with Chuck Norris on STAR talk in this because Starch Argyle stars and I'm I'm the guest house, mistakes are made, I'm the guest hosed all star, housed, charcoal because my queries or where we take your inquiries ass from anywhere in the Cosmos hats, anywhere, many anywhere on the cosmos. If you can get on the earth internet, and send it in and enough english characters are roman characters arranged in english language. We will. Do our best for you, that's right, because in the end, its all zeros in one's anyway, it is
troubling but empower hey, here's Shane Hansen from Facebook who says this bill. My question is what invention from outside of science has made, Our impact with in science, has an inch in built to serve a different purpose other than science been used to advise and science in new avenues of thought or discussion, Shane Hansen from Lift Bridge Alberta, Canada, Pierre bill nigh the science guy is what made science fun for me growing up. I still get excited when ever I see an episode. Thank you so much well, first rate, What are our side of science? So I guess what he was, what he said and is has. What is our appeals for that? I think I take it from my boy. What of science
I guess what he was, what he said and is: has there been kind of something that wasn't a scientific endeavour that led to a great scientific discovery. Well, I've been nuclear weapons wow! That's The answer I won't, even though you are right that makes sense trying to understand the inside of atoms to uncle caught nuclear power. Unclear pill better. You thank you guess. Some of the energy right here, I think, is: nineteen percent of the energy in New York has made nuclear. Are we yes? As a matter of fact, there we ve just found out that term. The power plant, which is not very far from where we are, is not protected. It is not quickly protected. I'm shocked everybody not changing the suddenly for not giving clear industry just hasn't been that great at safety, and
What is that about a mean series of aid? The gardener hurry and caused a bit too seemed like such a great idea. Dig this stuff up right fish in it to make it Christy put it back in the ground. What could go wrong? Exact goes anywhere that aside, what Mention came from outside of Simon depends what you try, one. Actually you call. What do you call him invention whenever you want to exclude, but to me the greatest thing going as your been like some, I dont know crazy, cooking disk. Every that lead to something new in the medical you know what I mean like we found, thereby cooking the bark of a certain tree cures, this particular ale. No, that's that we were able to distil their essence, am taken, make a pill out or something like that. Willow bark became aspirin, get out you're absolutely right, but is
forget about where the willow, bark investigators and investigate foresees, were they not doing science. Well, then. I would I would assume they were have web codes in business cards. Aided said, science person- I was a long time ago, and it worked in the other people say: what's the greatest invention, I almost always reply sewers. You you note. We ve had this conversation bit and we'll get into that, as I have said, get in all the way and that we will get all the way, because I have somebody, I don't want to steal it from them, but the last time we We had a conversation, you told me sewers and at it I was I. I was pleased with the Average Europe's was alive again asking for casting a flag- and I gotta tell you when I heard your explanation as why was I wholly crap that makes, anyway, but yet but is natural for him that doesn't barred that outside of science is fire happens like that enough science So but yes,
outside of science. Is willow. Barred from outside of science is fire making from outside of science. Rape Second laughter and am excite, says inside of science time keeping we talked about earlier on keeping the size coffee making. Is that a thing or silencing, say they whales to wish so true now want a cup of coffee. There's, not you. I really recommend. If you guys out, there are going to start a radio show or podcast, I really recommend you have a coffee upon this, not extraordinary this, not an extraordinary idea to simple thing: right is very common Erica, here we go washing good question would really get to an answer, but there tough one. I don't know what does his relatives of woods outside of size? Everything assigns we think about it. So at three percent is really what we're saying recent everything sites. Ok,
here we go grab roads, says there's high, Mr Nigh. What three key in do we need for a manned mission tomorrow, which could be a human mission we ve you been, it has to be guys mean if I'm going out into space for four hundred days right. Your great lurking guides yard, but I wouldn't mind having some. I am see a ok, no, there's no need to feel that pick yourself around. That's right, you can get yourself gleam baby. Haven't you may have a good meal can do whatever you feel that the wonder there you have it so With that in mind, don't know why this person shows three key inventions out. This is what they are. Rhythm bill says what three key inventions do we need to take to to send some Mars some. So
astronauts to Moscow at the planetary society, as you may know. Yes, we did analysis last I don't really need any new technologies new inventions. We just need to improve. Your literally expand the technologies. We already have ok The expansion hilarious reference I was making was to the inflatable abbot at Ah sir, Oh you have existing rockets, you good in orbit, you get need, then you for some more rockets up to get enough fuel and you fly to Mars in a big inflatable, Habitat new orbit Mars and the all this could be done with existing technologies. If it was just decided to be done. So the analysis we do that Hunters. Society was twenty thirty three right now, if of a certain age chalk, I am you remember, the
our programme and astronauts orbiting, the moon first, yes, APOLLO. Eight nineteen sixty eight orbiting, the moon, and that was the precursor. That's, where figured out trajectories nature, the Retro Rockets Wretch Road and rocked and took the famous picture of earth rise. Eve. Revising newtons birthday, nineteen sixty eight hours from the ladders and I called out what a moon orbit insertion. What does that lunar for beginner Orbit insertion Right Africa, space people Dignan. So we could do the same thing and Mars, and twenty thirty three without increasing the United States National ICES Pace Administration NASA budget, if you got international partners, if you got motivated Mcdonnell Douglas Robbie, no Lockheed Martin thinks they could do it and twenty twenty eight, which would be to martian orbits sooner and we're all for it was
oh, but the things you need is people placed for people to live, for this journey need great big rockets, and you need to decide to do it and the big the biggest problems or political yeah, I mean there. I think the argument will combat high sense about Mars We don't have NASA period that argument. When all the federal moment out a federal budget is so I will last a zero. So would you ordered? I know? any of you are half of everybody Meat voted the other way from how you did from the way you did, but.
Very reasonable? What that, with the president, elect when taxes or cut the federal government have less money right in programmes will be caught and one of the things it's gonna be cut first will be or science and then how far is it from earth science to deep space? exploration and how far is it from and then in general will be short term gains where infrastructure gets invested in, but then they'll be inflation and that the inflation and will put further pressure on the spaceport ADA There are some people that Europe, Economic, some some people feel like that is actually necessary, because the idea behind smaller government is starved, the government and by starving the government, you cause a proliferation of private sector activity. So where NASA will not be able to do what they are supposed to do. You have private sector entities that will step into that vacuum
and find a way to make money. Sending a spacecraft mars we'll see I mean, if I mean you made, it was the best answer to be right now, because it is there any real providence that is up to the mile you're talkin see there is no almost There is no business case for going to MAR right. I gotta make money going to Mars. You could sell tickets buddy you're off by a factor of ten million Ecuador's the cost of it compared to what people would pay so well Clearly, clearly, governments are the only are the only entities dad, for any reason to do stuff like this file, the lunar x prize is a way to do it, but you're going back to place. People have already been and I remind us in the exam. Of Columbus or Magellan or Francis Drake
or Henry Hudson. These people were these: Fours went around on the government dime, yes or before they had Euro the government pay. So the government pound drachma threat did their thing, Lewis and Clark Word government, employees and after that, did the mapping, then you build a continental railroad, transcontinental railroad, they don't just go. Let's start building a railroad and start cutting through the forest without knowing where the rivers are going to be using its not how it is. This gets back to something that my parents mentioned. Countless times as I was growing up. Ok common sense is not a common. He can count on it, so we'll see what happens out their hats. There you go there, you go. So, let's move onto our next was ever cough button.
I got to thinking about the future of the economic world and I got shot down YAP Yoda right. So in recent history. Wait who sent me That's not somebody's name, innovation. History that some unusual may be. It is an area in recent history. Lead on this is Bert Ward. Well, I, like your name Bert Bert Ward well from Facebook, says this in recent history, the last one hundred years or so what has been the most important invention or break through? That has not had a direct military national security application. Thank you. Maybe genetically modified crops all, but don't you the military with food, when we do that, we please everybody else Food is so they're just loved into that group. The military lumped him. Unlike the like my mashed potatoes,
but I think it has a cynical quality to it that query those units, because what he is saying is basically, unless we're making something to destroy one another. We really don't tend to hear and advancement. Here's an example from my own experience on earth is really do it for you Bert, but, I lived in the Pacific Northwest for a long time. We are very proud that it's the hypothermia capital of the world the air is so moist any time a year, there's so much moisture near it just The heat out of you at the moist Eric dirty water can darcy twenty five times stronger more strongly than air. That's why waking technology is so important. We had this state of the art technology at first was phillotson, which had this tin cloth. They call it this waxed cotton cloth then
moisture will pass through it. I have a diver frozen had from the eighteen hundred size in technology. Now we have Gore Tax and the derivative products all right. So when I went to do this, nice guy show in a navy. Airplane noise was cool we did the Navy training a swimmer on the poor with boots on, I wore a flight suit. You know I was just so cool there, the Navy had this very primitive, keep warm technology when you have to parachute out of your fighter plane over the middle of the ocean rubber raft and help somebody find you write? It was all this very. Heavy war. Now The Navy has scored tax rate. Which came First Bert. I say the moisture. Waking technology came first, that's what I say: well there you have it
that's pretty whom german there I'm workin on, because that same tough line stuff is used to insulate wires in aircraft because when it burns it doesn't make very much poisonous smoke. Wow there's one thing: it's something else does as the world's a dangerous place. That's what we're learning here. People words roads are great but much safer than they used to be added for sure. When you live in the developed world anyway, a war a bit of a drag yeah. This is true, You know what, since, since you bought up the show, I just want to ask which show the show this is the show this is one shall by this the Sinai saves the world or guys we're biomass is world and the fact that you get to do others cool stuff, what's causing it to do boy, you're, never gonna, say your favorite thing. Could then you're gonna think I they must enjoy the other things, but now around and the enemy in the
phantom I mean nor the phantom the FDA eighteen Hornet fight. Attack, Hornet airplane was pretty freakin, go, that's really cool is the blue angels. Yet at the earth upside down, I find this way in the blue ends I recently had a difficulty in those days was fantastic. You fly really you guys. Less than a meter less than three feet from the other plain at four hundred, not crazy, since as I always say, when you wait a minute. Are those guys actually just flying that way? Or is it like computers? Oh no? No! No. They take great pride, which are due to their just re. They don't even where G suits the unintended on have suits that inflate to keep them awake right, lift weights stay so fit that taken hold the blood in their brains, ice with that truck nice, and I will be right.
Humidome convenience store that don't even try that you don't even know what stop this is a start. Welcome back I'm gone, I guess toasting on star talk cars, The queries also, in addition- and I'm here, of course, with the workable and exciting. Doktor chart nice. Thank you here. We take your enquiries from anyone the cosmos. You could be in orbit around Saturn if you can get your query. On the electric internet machine roughly in English. We will take your question
but you can be on proximate. Centauri centurions employs were around apart from centurion when we're we're here. For you, man, though there you go into t person proximate, be cool, assured us. Give us once your care we go here we go. This is Sheldon, know that itself Sheldon. We have touched upon this earlier in the show, I already know the answer to it, but I am going to give you already know already know the answer, because you- and I have actually talk about this before sheldon- says bill. In your opinion, what has been the most important invention ever well shark, give it to us and it s sewers as as bill says of high opinion, which his opinion and please I I love this conversation, because I have to tell you for some ever heard. You say that, like biologists, wouldn't have cities and without cities you wouldn't have this show
By that I mean people have to collaborate to make these extraordinary advances in science and technology. Once in a while theirs alone, inventor out in Utah or Idaho invents television finality Farnsworth in this example. Even he benefited from cities in factories, near cities where people went to work and work together to do extraordinary things. So, if you're gonna, if one cities you got a waste management, absolutely laughs That's why I mentioned sewers help and there are subtle. There seem straightforward, but you got a plan for you can't build a city, then they must go back and putty. Let's go back and put us with sewers. You gotta start with this or work. Your way up has, as we know, if you ve ever been India you'll find out why that was how important what bilges really is really hard for always developed world. No man is so nice.
I love that answer and sewage is something that you take for granted until you don't have it informing you take for granted, turns doesnt work holidays and into the sink stopped up and so on. So this stuff is straightforward. The ancient Romans headed sewers and and water management technology, but it's gotta you gotta plan. Forty are taken into account, is gonna, be an important thing to you and your society a go so there yet Abbott Sheldon it sewers, baby, so be solved by new inventions or refining old technology. This is the so called soft bore question. Thank him right MIKE Mike, like the question I covered in, says Mister Nigh on the topic of climate change. What problems do we face that could possibly be solved by new inventions or refining
old technology. This is the so called softball question. Thank him. I guess so here's what we're gonna do we want to provide renewable actress the to everyone in the world, reliable, renewable electricity. Clean water for everyone, the world and we want access to the internet or whatever the future of the word trunk information, shirts and now. What is that? It was an important cassandra stand on the other two, but why access to the internet users? nevertheless seems like a luxury knowable democratize. Everything so what we want to do. We have when I was a kid or three billion people in the world, now their seven and a half billion people in the world by twenty fifty they'll be nine or maybe even ten billion people in the world where we have for those people are gonna, be girls and women. Yes, so we want to provide a quality of life. Rose women. We need to provide education and the way to get education two everywhere in the world, is through the internet. Social soda,
What we want to do so here's the thing of it here is the claim from me. Engineering community. We have the technology. Today we have the wind and Tom and Geothermal, and a little bit of tidal energy to run the whole place renewables we, if we justice, I didn't do it and I believe this is now start talk. This is a different website check out the solutions, project, dot, Org and there civil engineers have done an analysis showing how this would be done in each state. Over a hundred and thirty countries around the world the end she's there we have to capture it in tribute it in a new way and not that radically new just better way, and that is instead of having fun. Who concentrated power plants. We would have hundreds of thousands of deaths repeated, and maybe millions of distributed energy sources. So, for example,
we'll have a state of Iowa. Yes, Ninety nine percent of the world's popcorn is produced that is worth that right there that's the worthy of respect. Yesterday, ok, they get a quarter, of their energy electricity from the wind twenty five percent. From the way than that's right now. Right now compare being against subsidized fossil fuels. Right now, tat this gets ten percent of its energy from the electricity from the wind. So let's go people. We can do this and do it so we want to advance existing technologies. And if you want to get rich- and I hope you do invent the better battery- it, doesn't have to be radically new catastrophically different from exist. Batteries just has to be better, as did not overheat has just
or more. Energy has to be lighter weight, and it be great if you can make it out of inexpensive materials, carbon and timmins magnesium. These things get out there do that and get rich. You go so doubt, let's piggy back on that thought right. There doubt Dalton how wants to know this bill. May I please have your take on the new diamond batteries or if they work That's the carbon, I mean. I don't know it doesn't work or not die and in general, not that cheap But if there are made out of the first certain applications, urgent, you know how many hearing aid batteries are out there there's a zillion. Did you say and the remote control your television have. If they were tiny, earn more efficient. Her batteries made of carbon never be a fabulous.
I haven't, we seemed quite a bit of advancement in battery technology. I mean when you look at the shock when you look at Tesla when you look so here we are, ours doesn't have to be radically new extravagantly totally different is better, is better. Let's go to your point, right, answering your point, agreeing with you jerk you, girls and chalk cha, cha, awesome, hey! Let's, let's hear from her Alister Gray Alistair says Bill parent patents are often used by God: and other bodies to show how innovative or how well they are doing as an economic metric sure, but due to nefarious groups, you run the risk of your idea being copied or having litigious troll suing you just for creating the patent. In the first place, our patent still relevant in today's world of inventors and innovator. Are you kidding me? What's his name hours per hour. I was there dude Alistair did. Patents are vital winner,
or you could suppose you write a song they become, brazilian soured. You wanted used for giving it to the world right. How are you gonna make your living no patents? Intellectual property is very very important. Patent trawls are a problem. The difficulty of getting a patent is a problem in a way, but if you're out there- and you have a great idea- you wanna patented- and I do not get any royalty from. Organization, but start with legal zoom dot. Com really is routine paperwork. You find out, then you have two years to get it done for real, ok, so, but everybody if you that great an idea. The thing to have is a business plan. Don't just patent and expect the word to come to knock, knocking at door Asher. Figure figured out how you're gonna take advantage of it. How somebody else's gonna take advantage of you. It's been This is what we do for humans, as is our thing here. Ok kids
hey. Don't I'm checking the clock yes and I'm thinking about I'm thinking about sparks spy, thunderstorm under storms, tremendous amounts of energy and right Didn't columns of air tempted to see light and static. Electricity discharging itself to the ground sounds a lot like a mail from with lightning s riding around your lightning hit me I've been here, we go bill, let's start with diverse lightning round question from Aaron Seth Gram, who says bill. Do you have an idea for NASA recent space poop challenge? Now? Ok, good we're moving somebody. Does you want to recover the water and isolate the bacteria? That's what you wanted to get there you go and since since he caught the spaceport challenge, I gotta use this
other likenesses Edwina at Vienna at Vienna, lightning round notification, Here we go through thoughtful she's, a rubber chicken village. It can people with Electronic, so lonely, as exaggerates amazing, are at this moment, so our trackers Numa, outside its air of passing through diaphragm pneumatic pneumatic, is that with its core, pneumatic means having to do with breathless breath. Rakers like when you have Mommy array of pulmonary premonitions, very other known for James Peters wants and others who are the top scientists credit it for non scientists, credit for scientific discoveries are there any top scientific discoveries that did not come from us it is. There must be, but all are right there. You would have used a coffee maker Molitor.
She wasn't strictly a scientist. You girls, pretty great as your answer- James here's another lightning round from God crowd: Neva, ok for another product! Ok, here we go. Is there a commentary with inventors? Do you think the world would be better or worse if invent team were inherent human trades across the entire species. I e, if everyone were asked to come up with a cure for cancer, do you that we have a better chance of coming up with a pure? No, Now one example: everybody is an inventor, everybody solves little problems all day, but solving cancer. You have to know a lot about medicine and stuff that takes a few minutes in medical school? There you go awry Julian Garcia, says I am curious bill. We seem to know where we are in our galaxy and where the centre of our galaxy is, but do we
what were the centre of our universe ass? Yes, there you go off that way. It's over. There is no it's in the play. The milky way a long way off now. People love that delay when worsening, we're actually eurozone or foreign. You girl idea, which we will revisit that were now Nepal, Lascaux says this. Mr nine up in the last fifty years or so technological advances have improve z? Is this due to reverse engineering of God, alien technology? It s you totally is he does eagerly technology. Humans have never had a single idea of their own, came from outer space Alan. They humans, theirs stupid. Yes, I can't think of anything.
The let alone make a right angle to make a pyramid behind one could never ever that ass. He found three four and five things unless some alien some alien landed and instructed right. Ok, James Culture says: there's Hey bill: what inventions would you like to see in the future? Are there any scientific discoveries that keep you up at night? Yes, I want to find life on another world nerves, that's an invention, but I would to enable that they're, probably gonna, be some inventions involved in creating a robotic rover go to Mars? Go up. Is a recurring slope, linear them. Some strange I k and sniff around because everywhere there's moisture on earth we find something alive is their moisture. I mean there is sure Mars. Is there something alive? There were array and now near the India or China we are. We are thirty seconds that hit every second. Let me put my own personal addendum on that last question: do you think the discovery of extra terrestrial life will
as to descend into chaos or bring us all together. Ring is altogether really s. Ok, cover any other discovery in medicine, when we realise that we are not alone in the cosmos, it will bring us together. We will realise that our world is that much more special, an astonishing and if we find, if we can show that there is Absolutely nothing else alive anywhere. That would be even more profound carry on this has been star talk, woodchuck, nice and I've been your guest all sorrows build. I, let's change the world, keep looking at its heart. Some other Bardell may adopt the organs which you can listen. Mr Talk: commercial, free, joint startled.
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Transcript generated on 2020-01-24.