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A Brief and Yummy History of Waffles

2020-12-09 | 🔗

Waffles are popular and commonplace on tables and as street food around the world, but they’ve evolved a lot over time to become the syrup vehicle most of us think of them as. 

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This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
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I cannot resist the call of the novelty waffle iron giants. I buy them that I dont need. I love them. And that's actually how I became interested in waffles. I they started buying things that would help me make dust our waffles. I would have told you, I was a pancake person and they just cause. I grew up. Make would pancakes well and you can also make pancakes in fun shapes it'll pancake mould. That's true, although you don't usually get the same level of detail, but both utterly delicious Am I bought? You know? Twenty twenty seven a weird year lets the throwing more fun. Episodes and waffle seemed like a good one, waffle of course, very popular and quite commonplace on tables and as a street food around the world, but they evolve lot over time to become the syrup vehicles it most of us think of the mass. So today we're gonna take a peek at them
fools origins and the various interventions of dough or batter cooked between two hot plates. Humankind has been figuring out how to make hot, it's really for millennia. All kinds of pulpy compositions of ground grains, cooked on hot rocks, go all the way back to the meal. If an age there is evidence of flat hotcakes made from cereal grains flipped to ensure cooking on both sides during this time. And really various cultures all around the globe. Yet the waffle history is we'll talk about. It is largely in a european to develop what we think of, but like air buddy, was figuring out how to cook with greens- and you know sometimes a little water and make paste that could make a little flat cake with the iron age, starting in one thousand. Two hundred BCE cooking, of course shifted as new tools were developed, including
plates precursor she could think of them to the modern day. Griddle and people started cooking their flat cakes on those instead of rocks, and sometimes they would even heat. Two iron plates and then press batter between them for fast even cooking, so you can see habits very much like a waffle, just in a rudimentary kind of version. I also like the part of history where we got the upgrade of going Frahm cooking stuff on rocks to cooking stuff on surface made cooking, yes, and also that we were like let's motion
other and see what that make the first generation of what would eventually evolve into what we would recognise as a waffle was called old LEO's, and these cakes were first seen in ancient Greece, and these albinos are sort of Prado Waffles because they were cooked and between two metal plates. They were really sweet. They were kind of like a flat, really simple cake, but the plates that were used to make them did often have designs on them. You can see pictures of some of these kind of lacy designs in some cases hither very pretty. I will say this openly else is, Interesting word because you will just as often see it in relation to waffle, history, where the l and the e have been transposed, so it's like oh belly, owes I think some one made that swift
somewhere along the line and it his propagated in both ways of her sense. So if you ever looking at a thing and its different. That's why I went with the Elbe LEO's version because the next word they were gonna talk about seems like a pretty obvious transition from that word, which is which thou devolved into over time as these flat cake spread throughout other cultures in Europe, An ugly is a french word, and that spread that was in large part, because the catholic Church adopted these oubliettes part of religious rituals and events, so to be clear, these were not a replacement for communion wafers, although the name Oubliettes does mean wafers in French, but instead they kind of another, edible item that could be included in worship. So often it was the finnish to a meal with religious significance or
they were served at the end of a religious service. Googly were made by specialists called o blue you're, who became experts at using two metal plates to cook batter and this at her, was often made with flour a little bit of salt and wine instead of water, who believe became established as a street food, as these specialists would wait outside of churches to sell their wares to members of the congregation as they left, particularly on Saint Stays and other important religious stays. These again weren't sweet. They were savory ruby, which were often pretty large and season with herbs. Sometimes We rolled into a cone shape to make them easier to carry home yeah. I heard one disk shit or read when description where they were talking about how they were big. They relate the size of a pizza, and I was like, I suppose, their problem, in some ways a relative frayed, it's a large big thing that has some herb, sprinkled augment but of course, branching branching trees. Again there
no butter or syrup incite here. These are still very symbol in terms of ingredients and they were usually made with barley or oat flower. The design started to get really or made in medieval Europe. Some of these mine's mimicked certain the patterns of stained glass, others we created heraldry, and there were some
even more detailed schemes such as landscapes, or even depictions of biblical stories and the twelve hundreds? We also start to see early hints of the waffle pattern. Developing the old french word, Waft LE referred to a piece of honeybee hive and have these honey com patterned flat cake started to become popular. They were called Gopher, so the french word for waffle that was derived from the old French waft LE at this point in Europe, regardless of the design waffles, had to be held over a fire to be baked, so there was a degree of danger in their preparation. The usage of the word waffle we should note, also has roots in other languages. There is waffle in Dutch, which does has
an f there's weapon, which means we even old English and there is via an old high german you'll, see all of those words sometimes noted as the root word for waffle. But all of those languages were kind of being passed around and related and a street vending of waffles in France became more competitive sings, also got a bit contentious by the time. King Charles, the ninth son of Catherine De Medici, was ruling in the late one thousand five hundred this pro I'm had escalated to such a degree that the monarch actually had to make business regulations to try to control the situation and picturing fabulous uglier and waffle. Best fights the main regulation that he came up with. Coincidentally, very similar,
the social distancing rule we ve been facing and pandemic vendors had to stay six feet apart, that competitive nature of selling gopher was driven by the massive level of popularity. Of course, waffles crossed all socio economic lines in part because they were so adaptable. The wealthiest levels of society enjoyed much flaky or versions that were made with egg and sometimes even sweetened with honey and then poorer classes had access diversions made with lesser quality, flowers and water. Without any of the ingredients that would really make them into a crispy or fluffy delicacy. North America was introduced to the dutch waffles, with one f thanks to colonists who immigrated in the early decades of the one thousand. Six hundred and four expectations mean in here, because I know people are already thinking it. Struve waffles were not invented yet or can come back to that, but it does seem like at least These dutch waffles were definitely intended to be sweet rather than savory in the book color.
Neil days in old, New York, written by Alice, Morse Earl in eighteen. Ninety six. There is a description of what the author calls a dutch Una from the seventeenth century, which was a sister
two sprinkle cinnamon and sugar on freshly made waffles in seventeen twenty five Robert Smith, published the book buckle up for this name. Court cookery or the complete english cook containing the choicest and newest receipts for making soups pottage is frickin, sees harshest farces, rag use, callouses, sauces, forced meets and south is with various ways of dressing, most sorts of flesh, fish and foul wild and tame with the best methods of potting colouring and pick allowing as likewise of pastes, pies, pasties, patties, puddings Tansy is biscuits, creams, cheese, cakes, Florin deems cakes, jellies, syllable and custards, also of candy making an preserving with a bill of
for every month in the year and the latest improvements in cookery pastry, Et Cetera, huge lot words. This heavily titled tome published in London, offers the first instance of the word. Waffle included in english language print and the recipe that Psmith included for waffles is as follows: quote: take flower cream sack, nutmeg sugar eggs east of what quantity you will makes these to a batter and let them stand to rise there. add a little melted butter and bake one to try if they burn more butter melted butter with sack refined, sugar and Orange flower water for the sauce sack in this instance refers to cooking cherry. If you had not heard that term before I like this ocean. To the I give you know, measurements recipe if it doesnt work, is just keep.
putting more butter in area, so this base recipe has sugar and whilst Smith's book also offers are really yummy sounding syrup recipe waffles were also seen as a companion starts to savory entrees, so you might make a waffle and then ladle us do on top of it. For example yummy I her lover, savory waffle, eighty years yeah, nine years later in seventeen thirty four, a recipe for a dutch waffle, in this case the dutch wafer appeared in a cookbook by Mary cattle, be this book is titled a collection of above three hundred receipts and cookery physic and surgery for the use of oh good, wives, tender mothers and careful nurses and this recipe for what could be called the right. Dutch wafer shows the difference in the dutch style waffle of the time as being sweeter and says
take four eggs and beat them very well and then take a good spoonful of fine sugar. One nutmeg graded, a pint of cream and a pound of flower, a pound of butter, melted, two or three spoonfuls of rose water and to good spoonfuls of yeast makes all well together and bake them in your wafer tongs on the fire for a fast, take graded cinnamon sack and melted butter, sweetens to your taste delicious, we are going to talk more about waffle, irons in the moment which was mentioned in that recipe. But first we are going to pause for a little sponsor break your hide person who makes luxury fine, so yeah. luxury Suv should tell that story shoulder the road. What modern luxury means in a brand new tv. Eighty, the first were Suv from Genesis, highly capable beautifully designed,
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Genesis retailer regarding tv. Eighty availability not account Their says Thanksgiving is one day in November this year, W S bank, we are giving thanks every day, thinks we're cool backgrounds. On zoom I was and curbs. I pick up eggs for reconnecting with distant friends and for Saint close to neighbours at a distance thanks for finding the silver linings and rediscovering life's simple pleasures, but mostly we're giving thanks to you for striving each day to keep life moving forward whispers. We stand for service member. After I see people housing, wonder We ve mentioned before the break in my recipe, the Tracy Red wafer tongues Waffle irons by this point did indeed look sort of like large tongues, with a hinge near the two cooking plates, then long handle. Sometimes you know a couple feet long these
This would have been used in an open heart. So those long, handles enabled the cook to fill the base plate with better shut the iron and then put it into the open flame for cooking without risking their person. Getting too close or up into the flame and as kittens transition to would stoves those handles, Kim shorter and the waffle iron started to be placed on top of the stove to cook, instead of directly into a fire, the first waffle iron in the u dot. S is often cited as arriving in one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine thanks to Thomas Jefferson. He had been minister to France from one thousand seven hundred and eighty five up until he left in one thousand, seven hundred and eighty nine, that being hastened by the start of the french Revolution, and he brought back two pieces of cooking tech from Europe. There was a pasta maker and a hinged long handled waffle iron. However, was not the first waffle iron across the Atlantic. No, he gets credit and he may have like caused a surge in popularity, but there were already waffling frontier. We know this because we
before Jefferson is said to have brought his waffle iron to the states and in fact, before the colonies gained independence from England, waffle frolics were popular among the colonists in one thousand. Seven hundred and forty four it sounds like an especially frolic laden and perhaps risque waffle. Frolic in New York was described in a letter by Twenty one year old, William Livingston written to amiss e t
David November, seventeenth of that year. Here's what it says quote: we had the waffle frolic at Miss Walton talked of before your departure. The feast as usual was preceded by cards and the company so numerous that they failed to tables. After a few games, a magnificent supper appeared in grand order and decorum, but for my part I was not a little grieved that so luxurious a feast should come under the name of a waffle frolic, because if this be the case, I must expect but a few waffle frolic for the future. The frolic was closed. Up with ten sunburnt virgins lately come from Columbus's Newfoundland five. The play of my own invention, which I have not room enough to describe at present. However, kissing constitutes a great part of its entertainment Livingston. In case you don't recognize that name went on to become a governor of New Jersey and was one of the signs of the. U S constitution that men,
in a virgins from Columbus's Newfoundland, maybe, referring to indigenous women. That, of course, as a potentially rather unpleasant layer to this story and sweeter developments there in the city of Buddha, Netherlands, the first Strip waffles or made an early eighteen hundreds, and if you have had these you know they are made to resemble breakfast waffles, but they're really kind of a cross between a waffle and a cookie. There made of a day that is pressed in an iron, and the story goes that they were created when a baker combined syrup and bread crumbs together and then pressed them. His little waffle cousins are normally either cooked or slice to be very, very thin and then layered like a sandwich with a caramel syrup. Billing- and they are the wish on August, twenty fourth, eighteen, sixty nine, the first waffle iron pattern in the United States was issued, which is U S? Patent number. Ninety four thousand and forty three. It was granted to a man,
Cornelius Swarthout you'll, see his name spelled a few different names were going with that one because I think it's the easiest to pronounce, and this was given for what he called M m. Movement on waffle, irons that he developed in his home in Troy, New York. Zairean, had a very heavy base with the bottom waffle textured plate mounted on it and then another plate that sat on top of fixed or the hinge, so the waffle iron open, have the batter poured in and then could flip so each side within the thing it could flip so that each side would get time close to the hot surface of the stove and then a finished evenly. Cooked waffle could be removed
improvement that was made here was the inclusion of a handle and clasped to make flipping the plates a lot safer and easier. You couldn't mismatched the plate line up. There is less of a risk of burns. Swarthout described it like this quote. The nature of my invention consists in providing a handle connected with an forming part of a waffle iron, by means of which the same may be readily turned over without danger of slipping and without the possibility of burning the hand. It also consists in providing a device by means of which the upper or covering son of a waffle iron may be raised so as to expose the interior for filling or for removing the waffle. When done without the danger of the cover, slipping back and without burning the hand that description probably sounds a lot like a waffle iron you have used to, or you may use today, and it really does look familiar, but of course, homes did not happen
what Christie in eighteen, sixty nine and this waffle iron still had to be placed on a heap source. So, as we said it intended to sit on a stove top and over the next several decades. This basic type of waffle, iron work, so well and was so popular that it was widely produced for home use. Waffle, frolic sore waffle parties have continued to be popular right through the 19th century and then into the twentieth and a one thousand nine hundred and seven book titled suppers novel suggestions. For social occasions, author Paul Pierce lays out of two tailed plan for hosting a perfect waffle party and what was his build as a perfect way to host a party an apartment dweller without a big kitchen. It's really no simple affair at all, no they're. So many steps and Pierce is perfect. Waffle party instructions, farmers were pretty involved. Invitations quote of cream white, satin fashion in the exact shape and size of a waffle section padded with white, cotton wadding intact to stimulate the meeting
so the irons they are then scorched the right cut. With the hot iron and on them is printed in sepia, tints come and eat. Me Heat and address details are printed on the rivers. I dont know why that's me as a very involved invitation and also I'm a little risque. Ms Perfect party plan also includes the printing of a quote: much praised recipe for waffles to be placed at each guests spots, and then the hosts assigns a utensil to each guest. They complete the recipe assembly line style as a team, then the guests are seated with teams of two pouring the batter and monitoring the cooking on a rotating basis, while other courses, including veal, are served the doors to the kitchen or two
prompt open throughout all this. Isn't the teams minding the waffle cooking in the kitchen do not feel left out. It's a cute little instruction for how to make it fun party with waffles. I would do it. I'm making those complex invites, though, I'm cool a bunch of satin into waffles. The first electrical awful iron was produced in the early nineteen hundreds, and it is believed that the simplex electrical company was the first to make one. This Boston, Massachusetts, manufacture created an iron that made circular waffles, but the union itself was rectangular. It had a front row of plates that folded onto the back road to create the closed cooking surface is it right up sounds like it was not really a safe product. The regulations around electrical appliances that are in place today, for example, did not yet exist so lake it during this
being there were like electrical contacts that would be exposed, but we should say that Simplex did go on to make other safer models, though, and general Electric usually gets the credit for making the first electrical waffle iron, which the company did, and nineteen eleven designed by Thomas J stack back. But this is really a prototype. The company did not start production of waffle irons to sell for her we use until the late night team, teens waffle popularity continued to grow in the U S and the early half of the twentieth century. So much so that manufacturers making waffle irons? There were to be visually pleasing as well as functional, so they can be used right at the table and they would fit into the rest of the China and tableware and be justice pretty as anything else. Some of these had decorated, porcelain, exteriors and they were sold with breakfast sets that included coffee service, as well as various specialised
calls to include batter. You could poor that right into the iron by the person who is being serve sea would get a fresh hot waffle. There were all kinds of interesting waffle developments from nineteen thirties on we'll talk about them. After we hear from the sponsors who keep our shit, going a target. We know a good deal means a great deal now save more with target surplus this week through Saturday, safe ten dollars when you spent fifty on top toys in games with target circle like Ella. Well, super surprised, Papa Droll, star wars, fought meals and more that's ten dollars. Often you spent fifty on top toys and games in store and target Duncan save more with target circle. Joining the target at or a target decamp slash circle bring more to every moment for less only Antarctica exclusions apply. This
so it is brought by Clorox. Wasn't at our house, we ve been be no hanging out inside a lot, maybe getting a little bits, you're crazy. Now and again. So one of the things I started to do is just go out for a one now and again through our neighbourhood, and that means like. I love it and I get some fresh air. Am I get to see the world, although is pretty quiet out there for us, but it all means that when I come home, I'm trailing in whatever I have trips through in the great out of doors and on the sidewalks where I live, and I don't want any germs to be no get trapped in your house, and I certainly don't want them to be tracked onto our floors. Were our pets can have access to them and so to combat these things, I have been counting on clorox disinfecting mopping clause. These nothin clause kill ninety nine point, nine percent of germs that includes the covert nineteen virus and their easy and their safety use on multiple floor types. It don't have to worry damaging any living. And, moreover, I don't have to worry about germs. The cloth work when used is Did on hard non poorer surfaces kill sarcey
we too covert. Nineteen virus In writing. In thirty eight well supper Club opened in Harlem New York, imitator catered to the musician crowd. Staying open late into the night. The story the because a lot of their clientele was getting there too late for dinner and too early for breakfast, the to meals found a cross over in fried chicken and waffles, which has since become popular around the country. I also say as you will see it kind of casually referenced as something that developed as a black cast off food for war All parties were combined by people who were either enslaved or were working is
the staff in homes, but that's not really well documented. This, we know, definitely happened. Also chicken waffles, delicious nineteen. Fifty three, the first frozen waffles called raffles, were introduced by three brothers. They were Tony famine, Frank Dorsey. These frozen waffles were the third invention of the doors of brothers and they had also created a man Ays and a dry waffle mix. They were doing that under the name ago because of the egg content in the man s most people started calling the throttles by the name. Ngos switch the doors just adopted as the new product name, the ECHO company was bought by Kellogg's in the early nineties. Seven yes and now produces a vast array of waffles and other frozen breakfast products still go in the belgian waffle. Might surprise you and how late it joins this story in nineteen sixty four at the world,
In Queens New York, Maurice for and his family set up a waffle booth in the belgian village pavilion their boots, signage, Red Brussels, waffles a Bell Jim product, that's b, L dash D, four marshes waffles were light and fluffy crisp on the outside, and then they would melt in your mouth. Visitors to the expo could buy them. Plain or with a little bit a whipped cream and fresh strawberries laces. This was actually their real introduction. Rumours had sold them at a smaller booth at the Seattle Worlds, fair two years earlier to kind of test the waters, but this treat took off in the EU
can so that's usually noted as the birth of the belgian waffles popularity to most of their customers. Thus, pastry was just our revelation. The waffles that were normally served in the. U S were alot heavier. They tended to be top with a bunch of syrup and butter, charting a dollar per waffle. Liver marshes needed to keep two dozen waffle. Irons going and have ten people come help them slice strawberries just to keep up with the Leaders yeah it's one of those things that gets listed as one of the most popular things at the world's fair that year, Maurice firm Did notice, however, that a lot of will didn't understand why they were called Brussels waffles. They didn't really that his version of waffles was a family recipe developed from a regional style in Belgium. So he just,
calling them belgian waffles, and that was easy to understand and caught on with customers over time. The belgian waffle, which he did not keep control over the name of Allah, to be more like the waffles that U S, customers had our I've been eating, and it got farther and farther away from this handheld street food that vermersch had sold a belgian waffle has deep deep pockets in its waffle, texture to hold a lot of butter and toppings, and it's a huge departure from the idea that they're supposed to be so delicious and simple on their own, but they need few. If any accoutrements, you would be hard pressed to carry most restaurant dishes that are described as belgian waffles around with you. As you walk. Yeah. I keep it mine there actually supposed to be a handheld food. There is, we should mention another popular type of waffle. That hails from Belgium is a very different texture and flavour. This is the legal.
named after legal. Belgium A leader is denser and chew year, and this version of a lawful, according to legend, has been around since the middle ages, though it's only been documented since the early nineteenth century they are made with pearls sugar, which comes in these dense clumps. and they dont dissolve into the banner instead pieces of pearl sugar, caramelize and sweet bits throughout the waffle. Waffles have also inspired innovation and non gastronomic areas when Bill Bower men, who is a track coach at the University of Oregon, applied for a patent for issue where the quote soul has short. Multi cited polygon shapes studs, which provide gripping edges that give greatly improves traction. He had used a waffle iron to cast the textured, so this gave birth to the Nike company and that she was part of the collection at this man.
Sodium National Museum of American history and also find it online if you just search Nike waffle trainer. Now in the U S August. Twenty fourth is national waffle Dame that is the day that court we assume that was granted his patent in National Waffle Day s March twenty fifth, and if that's not enough waffle holiday action, you can also celebrate now, no waffle iron day. On June, twenty, ninth and, of course, there's a whole world of pastries that share colonies. Dna with waffles that we have not even touched on here, like the Italian, but then I or the Middle Eastern Levy and both of those are deep, fried there's, also irish style waffles, which have a really crispy texture and korean style, which are really heavy on the dessert type. Toppings. Also, a range of savory waffles to really match any palette or preference
there's some things that have nothing to do with waffles that people describe as a sort of in certain nationality here waffle like economic Aki, which is not a thing- that's like a buffalo anyway, but sometimes people call them japanese waffles, right yeah yeah waffles or international new have been adapted in a million different ways. There also Blake Super fun different ways that restaurants and shafts lake to make their own twists on waffles, I want to host a waffle, frolic idea. I did have a funny thing where I was doing: Google searches lawful for like amuse, apparently restaurant in Ithaca named waffle, frolic get which I would love to go to. You just
the name when you mentioned waffle frolic to me. While you are working on this, I kind of went down a whole waffle. Frolic rabbit whole because I think you know slang changes, overtime and it's like if I read a whole book serious that was set in the nineteen twenties and there was slang in it that I had never heard before at all, and I was like does this mean something different than we listen? After all of those risque heads, I started to wonder if waffle frolic wasn't code, but but handling just a delicious party. I have listener mail, which I can draw a dotted line, two related to offals it's about dogs room, but I will tell you that in my house growing up where my parents, bread, dogs for awhile, the dogs got pancakes on Sunday, radio,
with us now fresh off the grid also it's kind of related, but this is from early nor Ellen who writes Hyalaea Tracy. I had a laugh today on my drive home while listening to the listener male responses at the end of the Maria on Mozart podcast. I have, of course, heard the black cats are the least popular to adopt, but I've heard differently about the unpopular color of dog, We adopted a chihuahua makes a couple of years ago and the rescue foundation. We got her from informed us that she was in fact least popular color of dogs to be rescued. Her name is pico and she's beige or more accurately tan, but base sounds fine, you're. Somehow, my boyfriend and I are big believers in pet adoption. We also have a boy cat maimed bit and just last week took in a barn kitten who we have named Nanowne. I've attach pictures, of course, and I hope they brighton your days- stay strong recovered. Thank you for providing some entertainment for the masses Ellen Jai two. I had not ever heard that
I got to have a lower adoption rate. I don't I don't know I am, I think, all the dogs to get adopted, but that's a hard pill to fill. I understand and also just yay, for adopting rescue animals makes me so happy to hear that all of these creatures are going to a home that loves him and sends adorable pictures of them. That cat is beautiful. We all know, and frankly, this dog is soup. super cute, soapy go, I don't know what held you out, but I'm glad you anywhere where he did it. If you would like the right does you could do so? Please send pictures of dogs and kiddies. We love them. You can do that and history pie cast it. I heard radio dot com, you can find us pretty much everywhere on social media as missed in history and, if you'd like to subscribe, you can do that. I heard radio out an apple pie, gas or wherever you listen to your favorite, shows.
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Transcript generated on 2020-12-12.