Many English settlers brought animals and plants to Australia, including rabbits. The rabbit population exploded, and rabbit-controlling fences were started by the 1880s. Work on the State Barrier Fence began in 1901, and it's still maintained today.
Learn more about your ad-choices at https://news.iheart.com/podcast-advertisers
This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
Loser episode is brought to you by Maloney cookies work. Sometimes that longs in yoga classes just now in the cards, so maybe a cookie is peppered farm. Olano believes you should make some time for yourself once in a while. I know I have a particular space in my sewing room that I like to just take a few minutes.
every day I sit there. I think about things it's kind of like
meditation and munching at the same time being it that yummy beautiful
but give whatever it makes it luxurious and delightful, and I always feel recharge. Milan
Cookies, are truly a treat worthy of your me time, their delicate and crispy, with luxuriously rich chocolate in the middle you really
they keep these. Just for you so remember to save something for yourself with peppered farm Olano.
I dont think America has ever gone back to the way that it was before the DC sniper. The gunman most likely assailed marksman fired six times in the course of sixteen hours. The police say they have never had a crime. Quite like this. It is quite a mystery and then, as the DC sniper case, unfolded that terror boldly Ruth. This was the most intense man Hunt in american law enforcement. History, listen to monster DC, sniper on the eye, hard radio, F, Apple, podcast or wherever you get your packets.
welcome to stuff you missed in history class from how support
hi. I am tracing, be Wilson
Fr I welcome with upon, can so
previous episode, we talked about the Great EMU war and some
you open that episode, which comes out pretty often if you are reading about Australia, particularly if you are reading about the state of Western Australia, it's the rabbit proof fence, which I
no nothing about before we got into that one I feel like it keeps coming up when I'm reading things about Australia, there's also a film I have seen called rather prevents that came up.
Two thousand and two it's about
young girls, who were part of the stolen generation of the fairies who follow the rabbit, prevents home too
back to where they came from in jig, along its based on the book.
Followed the rabbit prevents the school
The film is by Peter Gabriel. I like it quite a lot. I have not seen the film, but I will make
yes. It is a swipe digression, but.
Every time a rabbit proof. France comes up, I go ok. Obviously there are lots of rabbits and Australia. Somebody put up a big fence, what's really going on with this fence, and so that's it,
When we talk about in this episode year and firstly, have the kind of starving
how we got introduced right to the environment,
and the earliest european settlers to Australia, as most will know, were convicts and their keepers.
by the MID eighteen, hundreds more affluent english people were starting to settle. There is well they allow,
then brought animals and plants from home with them. Try to make us feel more. Like England, these people,
or known as a climate Heizer, there were
motivation societies, including the victorian climate evasion society, which was founded in eighteen, sixty one by Edward Wilson, so
Really what they were after was to try to make Us Tralee, which does not feel like England in most places feel more like England yeah.
It was their own weird version of terror, forming right to try to turn it somehow into an english countryside in a lot of ways. This was deeply unsuccessful and damaging with this being one example
Enter Thomas Austin, he was born in Somerset, England and his uncle James was a convict settlers who had been sent to Hobart Town has J.
Is often died before Thomas and his family got two Tasmania in eighteen, thirty one, but they are
money in his will.
in many of the family actually returned to England, but Thomas and his brother decided, whose name was,
It was decided that they were going to stay down under and make it go of it in eighteen, thirty
and Thomas and James moves to what, with later become Victoria Thomas
established the estate of borrowing park, which was of forty two room mansion. Eventually, he didn't build that right off the bat, but eventually there was a.
two room mansion there. It was there
but by twenty nine thousand acres of stocked grounds,
farm, sheep and raisins
horses, among other things, on all of this land, and he also really wanted some rabbits.
And he had married Elizabeth Philips Harding in Melbourne on August, fourteenth of eighteen, forty, five and together
have eleven children, aid of whom survive to adulthood and
He also is one of the people who introduce Pharaoh's to Australia.
Also later became pests. Yes, so here we have
honest. His family, his wife living on
really wanting to introduce rabbits there.
Demand if they were the only people who were of this mindset. There was a demand for rabbits and Australia early
climate advisers, had brought domesticated rabbits which did ok when people were looking after them
they managed to escape into the australian wilderness. They usually did not manage to survive really well. Sometimes they would manage to
I was a little colony, get kind of a foothold, but they didn't run rampant anywhere. They did
little better in Tasmania and some of the other smaller islands.
The main australian continent.
But in general domesticated round
so we are not doing so well, no
was actually asked his nephew William ACT to bring him some wild rabbits in an effort to kind of bolster the population and William
twenty four rabbits on the clipper lightning in December of eighteen. Fifty nine eight
those rabbits were feral and they had just been trapped and held in an enclosed Warren. They weren't domesticated they weren't accustomed interacting with humans at all,
this in an act he became quite notorious for doing so that thirteen of the rabbits free he
eleven of them in fenced enclosures on his property, and they multiplied as rabbits do
three years later, a flood destroyed part of his fence, and so some of those now huge population rabbits escaped into the australian territory, which caused an explosion of
the population, yes by eighteen, sixty seven rabbits were really everywhere and Thomas would have rabbit. Hunting parties at his estate, Prince Alfred
of Edinburgh went on a hunting day in borrowing park that year and he shot four hundred and sixteen rabbits and three and a half hours he replied
we had to have attendance on hand to hand him new guns when the one he was using got too hot because he was shooting too fast for his guns to cool down between shots by
sixty nine, the infestation of rabbits was causing property values in some areas to plummet.
themselves. We should point out we're not the only ones to blame. Farmers were actually clearing woodland and making it
more hospitable environment for the rabbits to thrive in their entered,
thin within Victoria on the coast and the Far South EAST of Australia and they
north and West, from their by
Eighteen Eightys, the government have started offering bounties on dead rabbits because there were so many of them and by nineteen hundred rabbits wherein all or part of every australian state they.
The biggest nuisance outside of the tropical areas. And this was less than forty years after they were introduced to Australia. They were in every state of Australia, the big continent. It is that's up
the explosive population growth for any animal
lesson for decades to completely engulf a common, is pretty amazing right that rabbits, because,
pray for other introduced species like wild cats, wild dogs, foxes and Ngos. All of these
that for dingoes were introduced after the landing of the first fleet, which was the eleven ships that reached Australia from Great Britain in seventeen. Eighty eight a lot of people
give dingoes as being native to Australia, but they real
arrived to Australia wins humans did about three thousand or four thousand years ago. So whether to called dingoes native is a subject of debate here,
and in addition to the basic nuisance factor that was going on and the fact that the rabbits crowning out native species they could also
completely strip an area of anything they would eat. That includes food crops. They were intended for people as well, as
that were intended to support the raising of other animals said
this also lead not only to things going without food, but also really bad erosion issues right. You can find picture sometimes of
really well maintained, rabbit fences and on one side of the fence. Will treat me completely stripped of all vegetation and, on the other side, no beheld in grass growing, so it
It's dramatic difference of rabbits verses, no rabbits, their extremely thorough in finding every conceivable element in an environment. Yes, and then
in an attempt to keep rabbits out of their property. Often this was not effective at all, because they were already rabbits on both sides of the fence and also rabbits like the borough under things, and so even if there had
If at all, because they were already rabbits on both sides of the fence and also rabbits like the borough under things, and so even if there had not been rabbits on both sides of the fence, the rabbits would just dig a hole underneath come upon the other side. So
Eventually, construction was begun on what he, what became the state barrier fence and that happen from nineteen o one night. He no seven and this followed
I've month, investigation by Arthur Mason, which started in eighteen. Ninety, six Anders
Commission in nineteen O. One soap
contractors? Did the work on the state barrier fence and then handed over to the public works Department in nineteen o for the fence itself,
with originally being built, was made of wooden posts.
Liar and wire netting with gates every thirty four kilometres which is about twenty miles and
traps to try to catch rabbits that did manage to borough under it, usually
The trees were cutting timber from the surrounding trees to make the posts, and if there weren't any trees, they would use metal posts. Instead, the netting
The fence also extends underground to try to prevent burrowing from underneath it yeah
coat. The bottom part of the in the hope of keeping it from resting out
this episode of stuff you missed in history, glances brought. You buy Norton three sixty with lifelong. Let's just say your shopping online with your smartphone. I do it all the time. They sure feels that your personal info is right there in your hand, but that's it.
always the case, because as soon as you hit submit your person
information could start going other places. In fact, when you shop, bank or browse online, your personal info can get out of your control, which can leave you vulnerable to cyber criminals. More through
demand more protection. That's why Norton and Lifelong are now part of one company, nor
three sixty with lifelong is an all in one membership for your cyber safety that gives you device security, identity theft, protection and of e p m for online privacy. No one can prevent all cyber crime and identity theft, but Norton three sixty with life lock is your ally entities connected world because you're in
is out there sign up for Norton three sixty with lifelike today and save twenty five percent, or more of your first year go to Norton dot com, slash history, that's Norton, Doc
slash history for twenty five percent off here.
Saving money with Geico was almost better than playing pick up. Basketball-
because there's always that guy who joined your game,
He never passes the rock he
instantly bricks theories and
completely hack you and then put his hands up and say no foul, no foul with
ECHO. Is it's easy to switch and save on car insurance,
no need to fake an angel sprang because you're absolutely exhausted, so
which, in save with back up its own
Better than sports
The number one fence runs from
to south, roughly through the middle of Western Australia, the numbers
fan stretches out east to West, about midway down the number one fence and the number two
stretches north to south dividing the zone created by the number one in number three senses, roughly in half, so basically theirs
running the entire height of Australia from North to south. All the way down,
The reason that there are three of them is because, as they were, building rabbits kept getting ahead of the fence, and so they were sort of further sub dividing to try to keep the rabbits contained. What they wound up with was three
thousand two hundred and fifty six kilometers, which is two thousand twenty three miles of fence which
More than three hundred thousand
pounds at the time like we said. No lasting
Australia was not on the dollar for money at the time. So it's a little hard to compare what that would amount to you in today's money.
In the fences fell under the jurisdiction of I love. This title the first
chief inspector of rabbits, Fizzy was Alexander Crawford
completion in nineteen O. Seven he took over is chief inspector of rabbits, which is the best
thing: to put our better title art of all time, right that it just building offence was not enough.
They were going to then have to inspect the fence constantly to make sure that it didn't get damaged or burrowed under people. Would
travel of the length of the fence using bicycles, horses and camels too late for breaches, and they were huts set up period periodically along the way that people could stay and while they were doing us inspection once motorway
those became more common people did start using them to inspect the
that really in the beginning, it was bicycles, horses, camels or on foot, which is a lot offence to try to fix the distance
So it is in their work
our there is that motor vehicles could even reach, so they had to retain some of those slower methods for the m. Those areas that just couldn't be arrived at by car right
and there were other anti rabbit senses constructed elsewhere in Australia. This these three were not the only ones now, there's
the dog fence, which goes its very meandering, but it's in a roughly EAST West direction through South Australia, then along the South, Australia, Australia, Queensland
New South Wales border three
Queensland and almost to the coast. It keep.
the Ngos on one side of the fence and was
when bingo attacks were happening so frequently that it had become basically impossible to raise sheep.
also, in addition to their being multiple other
vermin. Excluding fences is the broad cattle
they fall into the state.
France also discuss the other animals than rabbits such as areas as we talked about in the previous episode?
The thing is that all of these countries, all of these fences, remain a little controversial.
Whether or not they really work, whether therein
on the biodiversity? The areas outweighs the benefit of can
vermin and so it
while they are doing your jobs. In many cases, some people question their validity as a maintained entity like are we wasting our time and money on this right
by the Department of Agriculture and food
Does anyone decided
sense was now mean. Would now
contained by the Department of agriculture. The agriculture protection
the state Verrier Fence Advisory committee, local shy?
and stakeholders. So
every year the fence is has about thirty to thirty five
amateurs that need replacing
sections have steel
and more modern prefabricated knitting right. So it's over
still there still being maintained, still attempting
do the job of keeping rabbits on one side and not on the other side, or at least fewer rabbits
on one side, then, on the other side,
and rabbits are still a nuisance right now there there's a similar.
Controversial attempts to introduce diseases into rabbit populations to try to curb their spread, and there there are lots of layers of the reasons why that can be problematic or upset
to some people, but that that is one of the things that is being done in an attempt to keep their rabbit population from completely over running the risk of Australia. So one
wouldn't legacy to look at is that of the man who brought rabbits to Australia, Thomas really,
started to take the blame for the rabbit investigation? Pretty early on
probably not the only person to bring rabbits
eventually did multiply that that sort of unlikely
he was really boastful about what he was doing. He free
We gave breeding pairs to people as gifts, so while it
probably not true that the entire population of rabbits and Australia now is the fault of this one guy. He he was.
Taken the hit here. You be dragged about his right,
to lie in and he made a name for himself that way he D
I'd on December, fifteenth eight
seventy one, which was six months after their mansion, was finished his widow.
Eventually used her money to open a hospital for what they called incurables in eighteen. Eighty two and she opened a children's ward in eighteen. Ninety eight, so they went on to have
oh legacy and Australia. Apart from
the rabbits. Only if all the negative rabbit image is not the only thing that his family left behind, which is good
they're going to recognise that, while he's getting all the flag, probably there were many other rabbit. People who just did not make quite the name for themselves that he did
yeah, he was not the only person that wanted to turn Australia into England. Now it's it's very likely that plan
Other people were bringing in rabbits as well as others, these
another thing that you'll see and other english colonies and attempts to make other places that are absolutely not England, more England there, it's England,
hello, real tradition and is absolutely problematic. That is a thing that definitely
contributed in a long, lasting way to a lot of parts of the world for good or for ill,
and that's the story of the rabbit fence. We know
available. Now from my heart, a new series presented by T Mobile for business, the restless ones join
Jonathan Strickland. As I explored the coming technological revolution and the business leaders who stand right on the cutting edge. There are certain decision makers that are restless. They know there is a better way to get things done and they are ready, curious excited for the next technological innovation to unlock their vision of the future. These
Lastly, ones are in pursuit of bigger, better stronger
to enter my conversations with tech leaders. First contact will bring you rare access to the billion airs and also the people on the fringes, the ones that you make for we're
in each episode will learn more from the restless ones themselves and dived deep into how the five g revolution could enable their teams to thrive.
The restless ones is now available on. I heard ab or wherever you listened to pod guests when your car
take it to a train mechanic with years of experience or do take it to a celebrity. Then why are you doing the same thing with your house? I'm Tom HOLLAND and I've. A brand new podcast called thickness disruptive a groundbreaking showed a deep once the most common exercising nutrition myths once and for all with science, I'm an exercise physiologist with a masters degree and exercise science and sports psychology, and I have over thirty years experience in the fitness industry. I mentally hinderance athlete having completed twenty six, I mantra lawns and over seventy marathons and ultra marathons around the earlier interviews with the best in the business the talk doctors, nutrition is professional athletes and in each episode of fitness disrupted, I will give you actionable advice. They can begin to use right away, no more wasted time and money. Following bad advice was in a fitness disrupted at apple, podcast, Iheart, radio, app or wherever you wasn't podcast. You also have
listener male horizons enables airmail as a listener postcard,
it shows on the front a very lovely picture of a coastline like a hilly coastline with a village at the bottom of it. It is the village of active
which is a native alaskan village in the illusion islands, less than a hundred people, with their written on a cruise, far less than
people live there along with a fish processing plant. Sarah who wrote this to us
so it to the alaskan villages with all of the by three hundred pounds and
And boats to do I exams I work in the public eye.
Service, so it keeps us very busy travelling to the villages with all of the eye equipment. Three hundred pounds
and doing I exams, I all
is bring you with me to put on speaker during my hikes to keep the mayor's away. That's the best use of our progress.
You didn't think I love a hearing about people who are using the pie gas to sort of do task. They don't like to do, but scaring bears away is a new and also more spectacular. So too,
return to serious postcard, thanks for keeping me entertained and safe more
native American in Alaska stories would be great. Sarah, thank you,
Sarah for this post, I love hearing about your hiking in your bears in your eye exams. They say yes,.
please do if you will
The right to a few May at history, podcast at discovery. Dot com were also on Facebook at Facebook, not calm, slash history, class stuff and on twitter at missed in history we ve just start.
But Tumblr, which has missed in history, that tumblr dot com and
centrist it's everywhere.
If you would like to learn more about what we have talked about today, go to our website and type in the word invasive species and search bar, and you will find
invasive species that might conquer the world spoiler.
there is a bigger
about all that and a whole lot more at our website, which is how stuff works, not com for more on this and thousands of other topics. Does it how stuff works, dot, com.
this episode of stuff you missed in history class, is brought to you by Jack threads. I dont big America has ever gone back to the way that it was before the DC sniper the gunman most likely a skilled marksman fired six times in the course of sixteen hours. The police say they have never had a crime white like this. It is quite a mystery and then, as the DC sniper case, unfolded that terror boldly group. This was the most intense man Hunt in american law enforcement. History, listen to monster DC, sniper on the eye hard radioactive apple, podcast or wherever you get your packets.
This is Danny Shapiro host of the hidden cast family secrets. I'm here to tell you that the new season of my show starts February sex
If you'll join us for some incredible conversations about family identity and what happens to both when the secrets that have been kept from us and the secrets, we keep finally come to light, listen
Subscribe, Annie, radio out Apple pie cast or ever you listen to your favorite broadcasts.