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Improbably Effective Holocaust Rescuers

2013-11-11 | 🔗

There are many amazing, heroic stories of people who risked everything to protect Jews and other people at risk before and during the holocaust. A few turned to particularly ingenious, unexpected or daring plans to save people.

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This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
welcome one welcome all welcome you do yours and marchers to the beat of any drum at starbucks we oh that wellness has a lot more to do with finding your unique journey then following the latest trends that's why we have something for every taste every craving every mood and every you like our new coconut milk latte an almond milk honey flat white because noted these are the same and what makes it right is that it's yours dear rockers podcast a story about finding a home in rock music and learning to flourish in your own weird way it's also a series of letters of nice to my younger self ass she navigates ashes adolescence seals with social inside each body issues and relationships and discovers a transformative power during wrapper comes from double elvis productions is created and hosted by mutual citizen and executive produced by jake brennan of disgrace land listen dear young rocker on the i hurt radio app apple pod costs or wherever you get your podcast
welcome to stuff you missed in history class from house works how can we allow and welcomed the treaty will and i'm holly fry and we're gonna talk about a collection we don't you does happen we win railways to kill one thing to talk about a collection of people there are so many amazing an heroic stories of people who risk their own lives and the lives of their families and friends to protect these and other people who were at risk before and during the holocaust yad vashem honours people with the title of righteous among the nations on behalf of israel and these are non jews who risk their lives to saved used during the holocaust and elsa january first twenty thirteen was the most recent day i could find twenty four thousand
eight hundred eleven people had been awarded this title and some of these people are quite well known today people like oscar schindler who we know about because of the film schindler's list you know the pockets and were well connected and they use their money in their bureaucracy to protect people schindler for example is credit with saving one thousand two hundred jews there were also diplomats to use their roles in their clout to illegally secure visas and passports for people a couple of apples are louie martens disuse a damn damn task from brazil and arrest the susa mendez from portugal and they were both working from france when they did this and then there are the people who sheltered individual people and families and one of the most ass being meet gees who was one people who helped shelter and frank and her family and who are found and saved aims diary which of course became a really important document
town of new land netherlands every household sheltered at least one jew and that was so that no one in the community would be able to betray anyone else like they kind of tat the approach of they were together right to betray anyone else in the community was to betray oneself rescuers some of them who have also been named righteous among the nations terms you really pricing we ingenious or unexpected or daring plans to save other people and for a number of reasons there's not a lot of biographical or scholarly information for a lot of them at least not to be able to vote to devote one whole episode to just one of them but these stories are so incredible and they reveal so much about the links that some people will go to to protect other human beings that we didn't want to overlook them so we ve gathered a few into one episode today and we're going to start with one that requires a little bit of a green assault because this story has
come a little bit inflated through the years and retail coward was a british sergeant major held it appear w camp near outwits monoliths also old outwits three and his experience was later made into a book called the password his courage which turn was made into a film so you can see how fast get a little altered and nebulous along the way and those retelling either with the passage of time and the fact that there was there with the drama taxation the element involved and some of that story really has come under some scrutiny over the years so what we are sticking to you is the man conservative version for the part for which he was aimed as righteous amendment among the nations on february sixteen nineteen sixty five enough substantiated of the greater of his story and this was a rescue through by swapping so tat calls in the other peer double use would get aid packages from the inner no red cross which would
clued such valuable items as chocolate and cigarettes he hoarded thee and he convince the other peered i've used to part with there is also a man he's them as currency he would them with a german who was responsible for disposing of bodies from the neighbouring construction site and the bodies are actually what charles was after claimed they were part of a practical joke but he was really using them as standing in for escaping jews so the jews would be marched from the the camp to a synthetic rubber works where they were to exist are exhaustion and some they would die there or on right back to the camp as a result of being so overworked and malnourished and and poorly treated so with them of sympathetic guards and other peer debbie's charles would have two or three bodies staged along the that route that they were march to get to and from the rather works and then
catching number of jewish prisoners you charles had identified would slip away during the march back jews counted coming and going to prevent just such an escape the body of anyone who died along the way had to be returned to auschwitz and counted as well and the boy it would then be tallied along with the jewish prisoner so no one would be accounted is missing so there really an ingenious little bath plot there to make sure the total number added up at the end the exact number of people that were saved using this little body swap is a little bit unclear at this point and charles himself not around any longer to discuss about it he died in nineteen seventy six the next summer gonna talk about is doctor eugene was ascii yes he was doctor in a soldier in the polish army and he faked an outbreak of epidemic
hi face and rise without in southeast poland to save jews and the polish people who were living there he had been they are to work for the polish red cross after germany invaded poland in nineteen thirty nine friend and medical colleagues stanislaw matula weeks discovered he injected someone with kill typhus bacteria person would then test positive to the disease without actually being infected doktor was he ran with this knowledge repeating the process on other people in rosewood out if jewish people were discovered to have typhus they would have been just killed as a disease control measure so what did was he injected the non jews who were living in the area and then he sent their supposedly terminated blood to german labs to be tested and he carefully metered out the number of infections that these foe infections to mimic what would be a very natural inorganic start of a typhus epidemic
officials fearing disease wound of quarantining the entire area and it was home about eight thousand people so he's credit but saving the jews who live there from concentration camps and everyone else from being sent into forced labour in india that work is stating this outbreak he also provided medical care to the jews who were living in the rise without ghetto under the cover of night which thing that you would have been punished for doing if he had ever caught and doktor was ascii emigrated to chicago after the war and he and living in eugene oregon where he died on december sixteenth of two thousand six have another medical intervention as well as our next story this is earned three or more and he was an anesthesiologist living in denmark at the time the danish resistance was smilingly use under the false bottoms of fishing boats so what they do is they would go far enough away from land that they wouldn't be seen and then they would
and further human cargo to swedish ships who would then take them the rest of the way to sweden and then stop o started using dogs to try to stiff out stowaway now they had gotten wind of what was going on and started bringing the dogs the tide of the statue it working the pharmacist named olaf of whom more came up to try to stiff out stowaway now they had gotten wind of what was going on and then started bringing the dogs to try to put a stop to it like a local anesthetic on the dogs noses and tongues because the rabbit blood they would eagerly real wicked all up and see if it so they were the kings using all of cotonou spain was a test subject which fight farming of imagining this cocksucker spaniel just being sniffle look around temporarily robbed of its sense of smell and to come back to perfect the the process also suggests a severe on a pet it was not harmful to the dog right so i was love that
sprinkle this powder that they had developed under the depths of the boats so there that those dogs would come aboard and sniffing link at the powder eagerly and temporarily have their senses deadened anyway can feel then that there was any one hidden on the boat they were useless to sniff out the bodies at that point so this allowed the resistance to keep doing what i have been doing and carry on with getting people out the area without too much fear of discovery factor died on january thirteenth ninety ninety six this episode of stuff you missed in history glasses brought to you by norton three sixty with lifelong what they your shopping online with your smartphone its super feels like ear personal information is just right there in your hand but that's not always the case because as soon as you hit submit your personal information could start going other
this is in fact whenever you shop bank or browse online your personal invoking it out of your control and that can we be vulnerable to cyber criminals more threats demand more protection that's why norton and lifelong are now part of one company norton three stay with lifelike is an all in one membership for your cyber safety that gives you device security identity theft protection and a vp end for online privacy no one can prevent all cybercrime and identity theft but nor in three sixty with lifelike as your ally in today's connected world because your information is out there sign up for norton three sixty with lifelike today and save twenty five percent or more off your first year go to norton dot com slash history that's norton dot com slash history for twenty five percent this sort of stuff you must in history class has brought you by w w formerly wait waters they have
a new might be to be programme as their most groundbreaking and customize programme ever i joined debbie w because i was really looking for something that was going to help encourage me to make healthier eating choices they have really done that when you joined them w w program you will take a personal assessment it asking questions you're eating habits in your behaviors minute scientifically matches you up with which plan is going to be the best for you i'm a blue plan and it has made such a big difference or me in terms of encouraging meis eat healthy foods join w w formerly wait watchers unlock your customer weight loss plan that can make losing weight easier for you had on over to debbie debbie dot com that's w w dot com to joint debbie debbie today with the limited time offer and now back to our topic at hand yes the next person on our list is irene good updike she was then just irene good and she twelve jews at a villa where she was working as a housekeeper the trick here
is it the villa actually belong to german major edward rumour she was seventeen years old at the start of world war two and she was studying nursing when germany invaded poland idly amazin but she was captured by russian soldiers who raped her she wound up hospitalized after the attack and once you covered she was put to work in a factory and when she no major rudimentary took pity on her and moved her into a job working at a club for german soldiers and there she was the supervisor of twelve jews who were working in the laundry service major rhythm later made her the housekeeper at his own villa and a hearing that the camp where the jews were living was going to be liquidated irene places to hide them at the villa some of them live in a cellar under their gazebo and some lived in a laundry room some of the women that she was hiding would occasionally help her with the cleaning while major rumour was away and eight months
into this whole charade he returned home early one day and discovered them would have been inexcusable foreign officer to learn his home had been used to shelter jews and it would have irreparable harm to his career if he had confessed to it but i further insured his violence by becoming his mistress so in addition to keeping these twelve people say if she also helped smuggle other jews into the forest so that they can make an escape and she said food into the ghetto for them as well she really lake she's doing a lot of different to help the cause of the nineteen forty four irene and the twelve people been hiding escaped into the forest themselves and they hid their until russia invaded poland in forty eight see emigrated to states and she wrote and published a memoir called in my hands memories of the holocaust rescuer was honoured as one of the righteous among the nations on july of nineteen eighty two
she died in two thousand three at the age of eighty five this person we're going to talk about is one that we have gotten several requests to talk about after a blog posts that is filter around the internet lately enough irene assembler who rescued about twenty five hundred children from the warsaw ghetto using see cases trunks facts and piles of guard to hide them so is born in warsaw in nineteen ten and her father was a doctor she later said that when she was seven her father had told her if you see someone drowning you must try to save him even if you cannot swim and it was this attitude that led her into a life of service including her work as a social worker before the start of the war women when's began moving jews him of the warsaw ghetto she started by smuggling food and medicine in the area she would forward
a purse using polish names so she could secure food and medical aid and then she would distributed among the jews when they get i was locked down she got a nurses uniform and a permit to inspect sanitary conditions which let her move in and out of the area more freely in nineteenth he too juice from the warsaw ghetto began to be removed to the treblinka extermination camp in law the other camps during the holocaust house prisoners who were forced labour the main purpose treblinka i was really just execution jews and other people the maltese wanted to exterminate would be brought in and told they were there to be resettled but then they would be directly into gas chambers and killed at this irene and began to work with the go to the council for aid to be used which had been formed by the polish government in exile which at that point operating from london she used but coldly the code named yolanda so
provided arena with money and forged documents and sometimes they would also learn of which buildings in the ghetto were being emptied the next day and i remembered go to those first shooting jewish parents to let her take their children away so that she can place them with in families or taken you a convent or to the family of mary orphanage in warsaw pair so are naturally very reluctant to part with their children many of them wanted to know for sure that if they gave up their children their children survive there really wasn't any guarantee that they would even make it out of the ghetto without being caught with much more certain was that if they were taken teacher blinkered they would die and there also matters a face to consider children would need to learn christian stories and prayers to be able to maintain their disguise and blend in increased families and parents actually worried that they would be drawn away from their existing culture and throw out of
it's really believed this sort of shared guide the trembling go was actually a resettling camp irina really had to work to convince them that they were being sent there to die and that their children only hope of survival was to be moved elsewhere one piece of reassurance that arena was able to give these families is that she would keep up with the real names of their children so that later on families could potentially be reunited sure the children's real names and new names on pieces of paper and she would seal them into jars and bottles and then he buried them under an apple tree that belonged to her friend janina grow bosco seized all kinds of tax to smuggle children out of the ghetto once parents agreed to let her do it children who were very thick or who could convincingly look very thick could just be taken out in an ambulance or if they couldn't really password ill they could just hide under the stretchers that were being used to transport other children baby
were given the sedating drugs to keep them quiet and they were sometimes smuggled out in suitcases and hidden among cargo in cars and trucks children also left the ghetto and garbage tracks proteus sacks trunks base we anything that a child could fit into and could it be me take carried away and rice unfortunate i ran was discovered for all of these these and she was arrested on october twentieth of nineteen forty three she was prison she was tortured and she was sentenced to execution her own a third of escape was a little like what her own rescue work had been to guard you kept her on the list of executed prisoners that he instead released her she was false identification papers and she stayed in hiding for the rest of the war the and to her legs from the torture and beatings that she received in prison
her ability to work for the rest of her life this episode of stuff you missed in history glasses brought you buy norton three sixty with lifelike let's just say your shopping online with your smartphone i do it all the time they sure feels that your personal info is right there in your hand but that's not always the case because as soon as you hit submit your personal information could start going other places in fact when you shop bank or browse online your personal info can get out of your control which can leave you vulnerable to cybercriminals more threats demand more protection that's why norton and lifelong are now part of company norton three sixty with lifelong is an all in one membership for your cyber safety that gives you device security identity theft protection and of e p m for online privacy no one can prevent all cybercrime and identity theft but norton three six with life lock is your ally in today's connected world because your info is out there sign up for norton three sixty with lifelike today and so
twenty five percent or more of your first year go to norton dot com slash history that's norton dotcom slash history for twenty five percent of this episode of stuff you missed in history glasses brought you buy sakharov thirteen years a really good time to take stock and change your habits
because we all want to be our best selves and a lot of times this is the time of year where we really try to make this those shifts in those changes that can make our wellness even better and if you need some help in that area a cholera is here to help along with their delicious meals cigar also has daily wellness essentials like supplements and herbal tease that will support your nutrition and right now cigarette is offering our listeners twenty percent off their first order when they go to secure a dot com slash history or enter the code history at check out that security s a k a hour a dot com slash history to get twenty percent off your first order one more time for well this sakharov dot com slash history after the war true to her words she dug up the jars and started trying to reunite children with their families but unfortunately almost all of the children families had in fact i'd intra blinker
after the war true to her words she dug up the jars and started trying to reunite children with there ninety nine students at a kansas high school wrote life in a jar to publicize irene his life after they read about her in an article in u s news enrolled report few thousand three she was awarded the jam carcere word for valor and compassion from the american centre of polish culture she wasn't healthy enough at that point the travel so one of the children she rescued accepted it on her behalf and i died in two thousand and eight were people who call her the female schindler but it really seems to me just as accurate the call similar the male sandler based on the numbers of pierre out of them saved yeah he's just got the bigger billing culturally so there having had a giant motion picture made about person doesn't totally solidify them into the public consciousness it could certainly still happen there there
lots and lots of other really amazing stories of of oh you rather than being anywhere spectrum between complicit and actively harming other people really did a lot to try to try to save other people and protect other human beings during holocaust that you can read lots and lots of them at the righteous among the nations website which we will link to from our shown its so tracy yet you have a little bit of listener mail for i knew this was from eric and eric says hello holly and tracy first of all i want to thank you for this pine cast i can't you how many long run but has gotten me listen to your show about new england vampires and i thought i might add a bit of information i grew up exeter rhode island home of the lena mercy brown vampire legend programmes still be seen of the chestnut health cemetery just route one or two if you the today or even look for a bit
the stone online you'll see a strange black band of metal around at the base for awhile my father worked ass a volunteer caretaker for the cemetery where much family is buried in an addition keeping the ground looking tidy occasionally had to deal with vandalism when i came home to discover that mercy rounds headstone was sitting in our shed some kids that over so my father ticket himself to fix it good never one for half measures he welded the metal band and attached support far bracing these against an extra black of country whenever i story of mercy brown i think about my dad the un's hero of keeping her great site is thirty if strange looking for people to come and see thought you might the insides thanks again i believe like early in life you thank you so much eric and i also so we get a lot of people who tell us that they listen to our podcast while running yeah i always found that the most immensely flattering thing
because when i read i have to have music on and then also zombies run has to be aren't and then also preferably there's a tv in matrimonial the tv so i'm actually it's like i have to have all that stimulus names or else i get bored and quit for the reasons behind the pine camp enough to keep them running thank you for it so i think we should rather matter now so we stay up some sort of peace i do that would be terrible data we could think we could try that when time it's you can win noticed i too have minimum helped have music yeah i have to just habits as much assaulting my senses was possible our prime superboss like i'm too you would like to write to us about this or any other i bet you can we read history podcast at every dot com for also on facebook at base but that palm slash this week that stuff and on twitter atlas in history are somewhat
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Transcript generated on 2020-02-04.