This 2016 classic delves into knitting. which has been around for a long time. Exactly how long isn't entirely clear, but we do know a good bit about how knitting has traveled with us humans through time.
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This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
This episode of stuff, you missed them. History classes brought to you by course. Sarah on Corsair, you can find flexible, affordable online courses, including degrees. I know a lot. People, including myself, have had a hard time keeping their spirits up during this pandemic. So one of my favorites is the science of well being, which includes lots of them. What about the? How and why, behind wellbeing and practical tips about achieving that joint for free, at course, Sarah DOT? U S, flash history! That is see Oh, you are ass. Ye are a dot. U S! Flash history Do you love all things geeky? Well, so do we joined us Jonathan, Strickland and Aerial Caston on the large nor drunk later podcast, as we take on the GDP News of today and turn it into so bad. It's good, quick bites of van thick. Listen, I hurt radioactive apple. Bud casts wherever you get. Your pipe casts
Happy Saturday since the winter time for most heartless nursed, and so many folks are spending most of their time at home. It seemed like a good time for kind of a cosy, homey episode since our history of meeting. If anybody take up admitting as a way to pass the time during the Damn extend us some pictures of your creation. Even if this wasn't a new hobby for you, I would love to see pictures of people handiwork on with love it. Episode originally came out on March sixteenth, twenty sixteen welcomed duff. You missed in history class a production of Iheart radio.
Hello and welcome to the podcast. I was only tryna drive, 3Tb Wilson and we're finally going to hit on a topic that has been requested by a lot of people, a lot, a lot of people, including Alexis and see greed and many others too many to list and count Tracy Dean it. Well I mean the short answer. Is yes, but I don't knit anyting fancy. I basically knit things that can be constructed from angles. I told fair that counts. While I get like I know, I know folks who are really really intermitting and they know all kinds of fancy stitches and they know how to knit cables and they know how to do all that stuff. I know how to knit in pearl and add one and make one and cast on and bind off, and I can make lots arson, shawls and the occasional hat Bed Blake. I don't make anything fancy work
and similar levels. At that point, like I I know how to knit the basics. It's not, for me like in the creative realm, the yarn arts, or not my thing, I'm really more of a dressmaker at hearts. Part of it is that we could probably because I have not practice knitting. I always feel like in the time it takes me to make a scarf. I can make six or seven, MRS sit. So it's hard for me to get really married to the idea of knitting, but lots of people knit and some people do absolutely beautiful things. Knitting and because of its functionality and providing needed the clothing and covering an accessories for humans. Knitting has been around for quite a long time exactly how long is not entirely clear, but we do know a decent amount about how it is kind of travelled with us humans through time whence it came about, and our colleagues that stuff mom never told you didn't knitting episode in January of this year and as you might expect, their focus
is some history and then a lot on hounding has been commonly associated with one sex or the other. Throughout history- and they also a lot in that episode about how the invention of mechanized knitting machines really shifted things and how gender roles were affected by that dimension. So for us we're going to focus more on. The earlier years of knitting and similar techniques to knitting and sort of their place in history, and then we're gonna talk a little bit about the vast variety of network that developed in just one small part of the world. Just gonna give you a sense of of how things can kind of blossom indifferent location. So if you want to know more about mechanized knitting and even some fun, spirally did knitting tales, you should check out Kristen
Caroline's Knitting episode, but we're going to focus like I said more on the history of pretty li. The early part of knitting, the first known use of the word knit as a noun as in this fabric, is an it was in the late 50s, but the words roots as a verb go back a lot farther. The first known use as a verb was prior to the 12th century, and it's possibly derived from the Middle English didn't which and from the old english word bitten, which has spelled will see. The route of that word is the old english word for not which ask Nada It also may relate to the dutch word Newton. I now that I have access to the Oxford English dictionary. I love to look things in Oxford, english dictionary. The first thing I did was Blunt knit in there.
I found the most likely thing, which is actually from an English like a french book for english speakers and its descriptions of how to say things about knitting was the sentence I commit to bonnets or hose in from from one thousand five hundred and thirty, and it is spelled K and Y T, and I just like Susan hosen After all, one of the problems with tracing the history of knitting is that there were similar techniques in use throughout history that have caused some artifacts to be misidentified so to someone who nets knows about knitting? The difference would be fairly apparent, but to researchers that maybe aren't textile specialists. It's really feature tribute, accretion technique of an object to knitting when it might not be, and there are even cases were, experts have been fooled.
Certainly, a lot of the ancient knitting examples are, of course, made out of natural fibres and a lot of them have decomposed over times that we have very, very few actual samples to study at most of the work. Looking at meetings origins has been pieced together from cultural cues, rather than actual samples of knit items. And the complicate matters even further in the early history of knitting. There was not standardized vocabulary for it, so even in texts where it seems like knitting is being referenced, it may not be what we think of his knitting today. and vice versa. There are instances where some form of needlework or fibre arts is mentioned, and it could be betting, but we really don't have to know for certain because knitting it spread are closely linked to trade routes. We also don't know with certainty that the few historic samples that we have of Knitting you know that we ve discovered are even from the place that they were found. They could have been made somewhere else than carried along a trade route in terms of the
earliest knitting artifacts. So far, they also all exist on their own. There are additional contemporary samples to look at two contextual eyes them so very label. We ve never a cache of knitted items altogether and one space, which I don't in my imagination. That means that there was like no, no twelve century cat lady, whom it a million, a million pairs of medicines and little cabin is. It appears. No, it's always like one sock, one fragments one. You know there's nights
there's, not a lot so keep. All of that a mind is we're talking about meetings, history, origins. A lot of this is based on some some kind of moving parts as we try to figure out more and more about it and before we dig into finding meetings genesis. Let's first talk a little bit more detail about the various techniques for turning yarn or thread into textiles. How the ones that aren't knitting differ from knitting and kind of where they all fit into the bigger picture course without admitting knitting, manipulates, yarn or thread to create a textile by using too. Needles that important to create loops within loops and that results in a textile that has them, alas, density so far, listeners who might not be familiar with knitting needles. Their long smooth relative then metal or word or plastic sticks. Their sticks are pointed at one end and watch times they have a blunt stop or, on the other end There are variations on this basic idea for specialty meeting, but that's the basic style to knit
The round needles that have two pointed ends are used and the work can be passed around them in circles to create two units like stockings, some hat patterns use knitting and around a little, become pretty important to the expansion of knitting as a trade. Yes kings in particular a big driver and as a person knits their looping one continuous piece of fibre over and over so you'll see. I mean you ve seen picture likely with someone knitting and they have a skull blog. In Spain or large ball of yarn that they're pulling from so it's it's not like little piece after little piece. It's usually one big thing and then, if they get to the end, they not it so that it continues to the next
all of your nurse game and the stretches of needed item varies based on the size of the needles used, the thickness and the weight of the fibre being needed and the attention of the knitter. That's how tightly or loosely here she tends to pull the fibre and one thing that I left out of the notes that I should mention when Tracy was time out the different items that knitting needles can be made out of. They have been made out of many other things in history, like own share, just basic sticks, but big. If you were to go by knitting needles today, you're looking at metal would or plastic man, I can't think the alternate with Eve Bamboo, which is technically, would you I am doing, is damaging. Would grass really but people who would put Underwood yeah?
can get like double pointed needles letter that you would use to make little tubular things and like ones in the round that are connected with a piece of flexible to stuff like there's a lot of different things going fine yet gathers the big ones. I personally tend to be a very tight near her when I met things they come out smaller than you would expect. I used to be, and I've loosened up over the year share, so nonbinding looks very, very similar to knitting, and it has in fact been falsely identified as knitting before, but unlike knitting, which, as we said, uses to needles nonbinding uses just one needle
with an eye that the fibre is threaded through. Also, unlike nearing the end of the fibre, is drawn all the way through each loop. So it's worked and cut pieces rather than as one long continuous peace. So it doesn't create this loop within a loop within a loop chain that knitting does a fragment of fibre textile from the ruins of ancient town dirt Euro Post, which is in present day eastern Syria, was long and identified as possibly the earliest example of knitting, and it was from around two hundred and fifty to four hundred and twenty somewhere in that window, but no that was no bending, which dates back to one thousand four hundred BCE based on artifacts found at danish sites. Sometimes, if you look at Youtube videos about doll bending, they call it like Viking knitting. Yes and it's very fascinating to watch it's. You know there are still people doing it. Today. That's kind of one of the things that I love about,
these are things that go on and on and on they haven't died out predating. Even now, building is a textile creation technique. Called sprang. Sprang has been dated back as far as fifteen hundred to eleven hundred b, and while it also can look very similar to knitting, it actually requires a loom. It's not something that can be done portable on a couple of needles. The thread used for spring is stretched to a high tension and secured it both ends during weaving to kind of create a grid of that and then, when the tension is released. After all, the way the the weaving is done, it kind of pops into a smaller shape, and then you have a stretchy net like textile. As a result, Just for the sake of yarn arts ink lucidity were also dimension. Crochet, though we know that crochet came along a lot later in the eighteenth century, but it was an evolution
of an embroidery technique that was called tampering so crochet, which has worked with a single hook instead of needles, arose from the stitches being worked separately away from the backing cloth and it doesn't usually get confused with knitting or looking at historical pieces. yeah. I don't think I've ever stumble across any that are like this is knitting. I mean the certainly layman will do that in day to day modern life logo. I also so near me. The scarf has ignored that's crochet by it. In terms of historic artifacts. We don't usually run into that problem and knitting. start, the like so many other things likely came from the cradle of civilization, was some estimates, placing its development around the eighth or ninth century, and it's possible that knitting is a direct descendant of not work fishing nets used by sailors from arabic countries during that time, but the first known examples of knitting are from Egypt and they're from around one thousand to one thousand. Four hundred. These are blue and white cotton socks with an intricate,
that indicates that there will definitely not be first knitted thing, they're kind of two advanced there. Simply the oldest knitted thing that we have left you ve ever knit something for the first time. It would not look like this up for me Dipped and islamic countries around the Mediterranean knitting spread to Europe, a man it spread out throughout that continent and then from trade kind of went globally from there and Knitting rapids, red when you think about it, makes a lot of sense compared to other textile creation options. It was fast and relatively and I'm sure any modern knitters listening may have laughed at that one, because good yarn can get really expensive in a hurry knitting Sweater is very rarely going to save you any money and in many cases, will cost you a great deal more than purchasing wanted a store, but you will have a custom work of art
the end? There was also no need for a loom with knitting, and it is relatively easy to learn. It was also portable. You just needed to thin stiff items to act as needle and to act as needles, and then a thread or the threat of the yarn that you're gonna use and the variety of items that could be created with knitting was incredibly diverse, so by varying the weight and thread or yarn used or the size of the needles in the stitches. Everything from heavy weight nets that were like protective items, two delicate laces could be created using the basic same handheld technology. Another cool thing about knitting that I think is less true, at least in my experience of a lot of other. Styles that you might make for utility purposes is that you can learn pretty easily to knit in the dark lake. The? Oh, that's true. The women who taught me to knit grew up in Germany during World WAR two, and they had a lot of times when they would have to be in black out conditions, and so they
They all looked knew how to knit by feel which it's a lot easier, I think to knit by feel, especially if you're knitting, something reasonable, then too, so a garment by feel or two embroider by feel, as does my guess, I came to want to do in our project or I make things in the dark and see what they look play the first known examples of knitting in Europe or pillow covers made of silk fiber and they were found in Spain and they're dated Circa one thousand two hundred and seventy five in addition to the pillow covers, which are found in a prince's to most, bidding examples from Spain were around the same time are pretty ornate in a lot of them were liturgical items that were for use in the catholic Church and coming up. We're gonna bet talk about an alternate, though unsubstantiated origin point four knitting but first we're going to pause for a word from university
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worry about the origin of knitting. That kind of slots it before any of these known examples that we ve talked about in this tale claims that Saint Viagra an irish abbot, invented knitting and then pass it on to France and that it spread from their. So this kind of is the exact opposite direction of spread that we actually have archaeological evidence, and this would shift dates really significantly, though, as safely Agora died in the year six, seventy there's no way evidence to back the claim that he invented knitting, although he is claimed by some as the patron saint of knitting. There does not appear to be an official patron saint of knitters that I could find, but there are several that are claimed by various different ideologies and group. So, in addition to Saint Viagra, Saint Lucy, Saint, Ursula, Saint Sebastian and Saint Rebecca, have all been claimed by knitters at some point in time, but none of these stories really holds the key to the history of knitting in the technique
outside of Spain, the majority of knitted items in Europe between the late thirteenth century right up to the early fifteenth century or not. Perhaps what you might think of when you imagine knitting today, they weren't sweater, sweaters or scar of their other weighty garments, but they were the sort of fine work that had been found in that princess tomb from earlier. They were accessory IDA. They were delicate and fine and items that have to do more with adornment and decoration than utility by late fourteenth century knitting had definitely made it so Germany and ITALY, and we know that because the virgin Mary is actually depicted in art from this time period, knitting yeah and you know that wonderful feeling, when you change clothes from a fitted garment made from a woven fabric, I e one that has no stretch to accompany it. That's got some give Well, so did Europe during the fifty than sixteenth century is because this is when needed, stockings came very, very popular as trade experts
did and more and more people had access to knit wares and learn to knit according to an go in an eighteen. Thirty, two printing of the Ladys penny Gazette Theirs This is at once Queen Elizabeth was given a pair of black knitted stockings from her silk woman, allegedly in the third year of her reign. She then refuse to go back to woven cloth stockings. One of the expert, english dictionaries. Examples of the word knit about Queen Elizabeth clears ash. She became a big fan she was leg, wait. Fabric and stretch. Excuse me all in their popularity, became Great, but knitting basically became huge business at this time. When in guilds in Europe really third and popularity, and while there is mention
what may have been some sort of knitting guild in France as early as one thousand two hundred and sixty eight really had to do with milliner's of gloves and hats, we don't really have additional confirmation of this until one thousand three hundred and sixty six actual doctor, so there is entirely possible that they were more like standard affiliate for accessories and then adopted knitting, as the arts hilarity rose and demand for knitted item skyrocketed. And by the fourteen hundreds. We know that there were knitting guilds in the Netherlands and ITALY and by the early fifteen hundreds, the knitting
was one of the most important guilds in Paris and there were guild spread throughout Europe by the MID sixteenth century knitting was a prominent trade throughout the continent. Knitting in Russia became so commonplace by the sixteen forties. Knitted stockings were considered a standard part, a military gear. The point of a guild was to maintain and improve quality and the craft seek new tradesmen and the help market. The goods of its members to join the gilded mastered knitter. A tradesman- and this was an all male pressure- the time would have to devote sixty years of his life to steady three as an apprentice and breed travelling to learn new techniques. After the six year training period, a guild candidate would have approximately three months to produce a prescribed assortment of Knitted Idaho's, ranging from delicate gloves to a full minute carpet, and then these would be reviewed for quality at the work was worthy. The applicant would then be granted killed, membership and up
this point. For the most part, it appears that there is really just one primary knitting stitch in you, so the basic when that you would start with. If you learn to Daily Tracy, I talked about, we can knit and we can pearl. That means that if you're doing that, with the right side, showing its smooth stitches that are created by the loops and the backside, which is considered, the pearl side shows the stitches as bumps there's a little more Exchequer and up to this point, any variation in the design of a knitted item was created by changing the yarn color, but in the mid sixteenth century
somewhere right and there we see textured knitting, beginning where some of the stitches are needed, in effect backward, so that the bumps those pearl stitches appear on the otherwise smooth right side to create patterns and designs. So it also mean that you could change the stage at the ends, though your stuff wooden curl up at the bottom gear, has what irritates me about that stitch today? It is, I think we call stock in it. Maybe that's. Why course, once this started, it never stopped. People are still manipulating stitches to create new texture designs all the time. The latter half of the fifteen hundred is also the time period where people figured out how to skip stitches, leave empty spaces and network as part of the design, fading mill, islets and then progressively to move
intricate laces, and this is where my knitting knowledge stops, because I had this beautiful pattern that involve doing exactly this thing to make us the lazy, looking shawl and because, as I said earlier, I am a very tight knitter. I realized about three quarters of the way through that I was making a doll, shawl and not a human shawl, because I had been knitting the whole thing weighty tightly yeah, I it it's interesting to me. I had not thought of islet fabrics, sort of being- I hadn't thought of it in that way, but that they were created,
pilots. It's just kind of fascinates me so when the stocking frame knitting machine was invented in one thousand five hundred and eighty nine. So this is not long after people really started to play with design style admitting it was the first step in a dramatic shift for knitting knitting by hand did not vanish at this point that came a bit later and it never vanished. But this didn't cause it's immediate drop off and we'll talk about. Why
moment, but the inventor of the stocking frame was an english gentleman by the name of William Lee, and there is a rather fanciful story that claims that Lee invented his knitting frame because the woman he was enamoured with was always very preoccupied with her knitting and thus had no time or attention for him. So he decided he would free up her time by inventing a contraption that would take all the work out her hands and he spent the next three years working on. It seem like he ever did when the love of his mused, though, but it did change his career path from ministry to industry, as he turned his stocking production into his full time job. Once again, we will go back to Queen Elizabeth, the first, because it was known that she was fond of stockings, there's a reason that a reference to her came up when Tracy looked up net in the Oxford English dictionary. Lee went to her and presented his invention and petition for a patent, but the monarch refused to issue him one:
She was very fearful that this invention was gonna, put too many people out of work. We talk about that and our episode about what I, which also relates to knitting now that I think about it. Knitting is everywhere. It is everywhere, so France's King Henry. The fourth, however, was completely abbe to form a partnership with Lee and his brother, and so the siblings moved to Paris to produce frames and train knitters there to use seemed like a really good set up, but five years later in sixteen ten King Henry, the fourth was assassinated and leaves agreement with the monarchy was no longer valid. When the inventor try pursue the matter with France legal system? He met with obstacle after obstacle and then he died in sixteen forty, sounds very sad, but there's actually something of a happy ending to this tale. William Liese, brother, then went back to England we did, he smuggled some of their remaining knitting frames with him and
play. Some of the the people that have been trained to use them went as well. He set up a production partnership with it, which would eventually become the worshipful company of framework knitters, which started as a guild with a royal charter in one thousand. Six hundred and sixty three it existed before that, but that's when it became a royal charter, and this actually still exists today as a livery company with numerous charitable projects, as well as education and outreach. Once the industrial pollution arrive, knitting became even more mechanized and hand. Knitting was no longer needed to keep up with supply demands. There continue to be people who did hand Mitt items for sale, but it became a much smaller cottage industry and handing was also freed up to be a hobby. Instead of the way you made your living, you learn more about the whole economic grim. Gave him the while that our previously mentioned episode about, and what rights yeah
elegant, said christening Caroline, really talk a lot about what happens after industrialization and in how it change things. So now We are going to talk about some of the specific design styles of knitting in various locations, but before we do, let's take a quick brain. Have from analyse cancer contact world is a technology media company dedicated to improving public health, because we're fed up with the way out she has ignored public health for so long. Those days are over and our partners. Is our opportunity to dive into hot topics that are relevant to your life, from contact tracing. vaccines to Social and Rachel Justice. We may not have all the answers, but you deserved it. What goes on in your neighborhood and the decisions that affect you and your family's health, I'm just in back
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as netting spread throughout the world, different areas became known for specific styles or designs of bidding. Austria and Germany became known for heavily cable designs in the traditional knitting style found in Turkey. Kazakhstan and Afghanistan features chain, stitch, embroidery and really fine patterns, and those have been passed down through centuries and South America develop uniquely shaped accessories. Those fantastic pointed caps that we still see made today. And chunky textiles that are made with thick wool fibres. We're going to focus a little on the notable styles that have developed the british Isles and Ireland because for such a relatively small area, there's just a lot of variety and allowed to specify specificity to each regions. Individual knitting, styles.
So fair I'll minutes, that's probably a phrase that you have heard before whether unit or not. If you have just shopped, you have probably seen something advertise this way. That name has been leverage by clothing companies for years in advertising to convey quality and fair trial is a relatively remote island to the north of Scotland in its become known for admitting style that really echoes scandinavian designs, the modern world? of a fair I'll sweater which really hit its developmental stride in the nineteen teens features. Horizontal stripes of repeating designs worked in multiple colors. Burial is near to the islands that make up Shetland and the region known for its wool. That wall, which is multi colored, both because of the wide range of sheep colours and because summer died with natural color and such like in matter has been a key component in fair I'll meetings of the eighteen hundreds In the modern era, some synthetic buys have been used in farewell knitting
really at a minimum, with natural dives still holding a lot of favor during the nineteen twenties and particular fair islets were incredibly popular with the fashion set, particularly, or muted color ways. If you look at fashion plates, particularly for gentlemen of the nineteen twenties, we'll see exactly what we're talking about with the fair I'll sweater, particularly like with a golfing outfits that, like really unique, beautiful, banded design, heats, the channel islands off the french West Coast have emitting tradition that dates back to the late tutor era, and this region made very fine stockings favoured by the light likes of Mary Queen of Scots and the location close to the european continent, made it a natural place for exporting knitting. To other. countries, because the island's became somewhat isolated as revolutions and wars kept neighbouring countries busy. The export
this lagged, but the meeting continued and the drop off an influence from trading countries actually cemented the style of sweater. That's considered the channel islands signature, it's very squared off boxy shape with nodded edges. It sort of a decorative nodding along the edges. That's the kind of finishing and there's also normally a slit on either side of a sweater and, as I say, sweater over and over again, I feel compelled to mention that in some countries they call it a jumper. Yet I am referring specifically to like a pull over sweater, even though sweater also gets used to reference things like cardigans,
what not, at least in the U S but a pull over sadder sweater or what some people a college jumper, so that slit that I was mentioning is normally on either side of the bottom edge link at the hip of these sweaters for a range of movement, and these were particularly in dark. Color is very popular with fishermen for decades north of the scottish mainland, as we I alluded to earlier, the Shetland Islands and one of the hallmarks of the Shetland Knitting tradition is its variety goods, ranging from ragged blanket socks. All the way to the most delicate lace have all been refined to perfection there and as early as the beginning of the seventeen hundreds, there was trade between the Shetland Islands and merchants from Germany and the Netherlands, but it Wasn't really until eighteen forties, that lay started to be an export focus up to that point. All of that trade was more in like the heavier goods and one of the really lovely characteristics of the fine laces of shetland
is it their knitted on the bias? So they start with a single stitch which forms the corner rather than casting on a row of stitches in knitting. A square like Tracy said at the top of the show she can get things that are made for tangles. Usually that involves casting on you know, x, number of stitches, and then you need all your rose, but this casts on one stage and then expand slowly in this beautiful bias, knit a lay scarf or a shawl from Shetland during its lace, heyday was considered so fine and light that you could pass an entire full size, peace through a wedding ring easily. This was part of like how they would show the quality to merchants. And as the chunk year, fair I'll network became vogue in the ninety twenties. As we mentioned, it became kind of part of the fashionable set Shetland kind of followed that trend and moved a little bit away from lace in India. Heavier wool garments think that thing that I abandoned that was turning into a doll shawl started.
one stage in the it's hard? I don't hurt. My grandmother used then on the bias- and I would just sit there agog like. I couldn't really grasp how she kept the tension right in and again it's years and years of experience, but who could not do it and the pattern will tell you to begin by knitting again? swatch to make sure the mid term, drought, the correct size and I'll easily, have never done that which haven't really mattered when I've been making scarves right but it matters a lot when trying to make batch. All this remitting in the air and islands in Galway. Bay of Ireland's West Coast is tied to a previous podcast topic virus, potato famine and ninety one. The congested district's board was formed to address the issue of poverty in the plan was to train people to knit exportable goods just became a local industry, and it grew to the point that the government
use training programme, but the more and more intricate design. The hallmark of these styles that were developed during this time was the use of thick woolly yarn that was left in its natural color and the last of the regions of Great Britain and Ireland that we're gonna talk about today Is the Yorkshire Dales and this rural region is unique in that industrialization really did not impact it to the degree that it did Other areas in terms of knitting, it remained Farming area, as it always had with knitting, is sort of a secondary industry and one of the most interesting characteristics that I just fell in love. When I read the of the knitting style associated with Yorkshire, Dales, isn't a pattern or a type of wool, but the actual physical way that knitting continued there. For many decades knitting was as it is for many people a sit down activity, but it was something literally done on the go while walking about with the yarn secured in a pouch or basket at the waist.
maybe so much knitting, also develop as a social activity in the communities of the region with large group gatherings and parties were Ali. Does the book On the same things, it would happen at any gathering plus meeting so kind like quilting be or a candle making, but would knitting yeah, but You would be doing those the knitting while you stood there and chatted, or you know, perhaps even danced a little bit. I've. Just I really wild and delighted by the idea of knitting. While you do other things. Are you perambulate about We also have a little bit of late breaking news, because we mention Briefly South America, which presumably either got knitting through trade or were they were developing their own yarn arts. But there is a really interesting discovery very very recently in January
Twenty sixteen so just a few months ago, and at a four thousand year old, dig site and lemme Peru their researchers, their turned up what were described as knitting implements in a woman's tomb and whether or not these were actually knitting implements or tools for some other fibre art. Is it clear to us just yet? I have only seen them listed as knitting implements, but if they are knitting implements, this really changes the narrative of meetings history significantly if they can find evidence of this was actual knitting. That completely changes the timeline. So these items were found with with numerous other artifacts. It will, no doubt all be studied, so hopefully we will eventually get some news about what all of that is, but right now we don't know so they could make all of this pod cast completely incorrect in terms of its this
Michael accuracy, its timeline will still exist, but there will be things that predate out with it, which would be cool and we can do and updated that point pays them aspirin joining us on a Saturday, since this episode is out of the archive- and he heard an email address, Sarah Facebook URL or something similar over the course of the show that could be obsolete. Now our current email address is history. Podcast at I heart, radio dot com are old helstone. Firstly, militarist. No longer works, you can find us all over social media at missed in history, and you can subscribe to our shared. apple podcast, Google Podcast, the Iheart Radio APP and wherever else he listened, the fog casts stopping us than history classes of production
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Transcript generated on 2021-01-09.