On the second part of the discussion of White House history, Holly and Tracy first cover the gardens and landscaping, and then dig into discussion of how slavery is a part of the very foundation of the building.
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This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
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more information on the mass deceive you line up, including the first ever see Ex thirty data, Mazda, USA, Dotcom, Slash, Iheart and don't forget Explore their strongest finance options, welcome to stuff human in history, glass, a production of Iheart, radio, hello and welcome it upon gassed. I'm calling fry and I'm Tracy be well said, so here we are in part two of our two part or about the White House, and if you miss part one that means you skipped passed all of the discussion of the construction of the White House in all of the renovation that had been done there over the years. Please about a lot of renovation more than you might even think fur of yet illusion old, but for sugar
Do you want we're going to talk about? First? Is the White House Gardens and how they have evolved, but then we are going to shift gears and talk about the more serious matter of how deeply connected the president's home is to the country's history of slavery. So while you can jump in here, you're gonna miss some of the contacts that gives a fuller picture to that discussion of enslavement and its role in the early presidential administrations to talk about the gardens there which, as we nodded zeal in part, one where a big part of the inspiration for this episode gardens were always part of the plan for the White House. Sorted Washington saw to the purchase of property adjoining the lie that was chosen for the house itself had the intent to plant a botanical garden. The area that now makes up the south lawn was owned by tobacco planter and that and the tracks that make up the north grounds were purchased from their private owners. Washing Having never lived in the house did not get to fulfil his garden plans.
He had really envision something akin to underline notaries, impressive gardens at Versailles. We also talked about how Thomas Jefferson was very motivated and inspired by that The idea was that visiting dignitaries would be able to walk through the White House Gardens and find the landscape arrival to anything in Europe, but it fell to the first occupant. The home John Adams, who was only there for four months to have the first garden planted needed that buddy definitely not quite as grand is Washington had probably envisioned due to a lot of challenges. Just would like establishing garden on land that was never intended for that. The lay out the White House. Landscape is really more to be credited to Thomas Jefferson. He redesigned
Everything on the grounds during his time as president, it was under his direction that seedling trees were planted throughout the property to create and groves. We also directed the placement and layout of fences walls of the flower garden. The first official White House gardener with Cheryl's busy chaired by President James Monroe and his successor, who was brought in by the John Quincy Adams Administration, was irish, immigrant John Owsley out, He and president atoms are said to have gardens and planted trees together and Adams, who clear he did. Love to garden established fruit, trees and vegetables, as well as the flower gardens that had been planned by his presidential predecessors, They may have been the first, but Owsley was really far more influential in the role of White House gardener and he continued to serve as the official White House gardener for three decades. John Quincy Adams really respected. As these knowledge any seems to have true, he enjoyed the time you spent learning from the gardener in a journal,
dated June fifth, one thousand eight hundred and twenty seven, he wrote in this small garden of less than two acres. There are forest and fruit, trees, shrubs hedges, esculent, vegetables, kitchen and medicinal herbs, hot house plants, flowers and weeds to the amount. I conjecture of at least one thousand one slash. Two of them perhaps are common weeds, most of which have none, but the botanical name, the name of every plant I see, as the gardener knows, almost all of them by their botanical names, but the numbers to be discriminated and recognised are baffling to the memory and confounding to the judgment from the small patch where the medicinal herbs stands together. I plug this morning leaves of bomb and hyssop majority meant real sage, Tansy, tarragon and wormwood, one half of which were known. To me only by the name: the terror God, not even by that I like how he discovered terror
and was really excited, didn't Owsley, and a staff to help him during Andrew Jackson term, enabling him to establish and orangery. We mention that in the first episode where citrus could be good, the round again, borrowing from the European Gardening Playbook Owsley. All planted new species of trees during this period, including elm and maple, and John R, Did the White House Gardens until one thousand eight hundred and fifty two and then left during the presidency of Millard Fillmore? There are several dozen commemorative trees on the White House property. That tradition was started by the 19th President Rutherford B Hayes and one thousand eight hundred and seventy six. He initiated the practice with the dedication of a tree to Mr8, the centennial of the country. When that massive Roosevelt renovation of the actual house took place in one thousand nine hundred and two that we talked about in the first episode so too the garden almost completely re imagined during that time the White House. Gardener was Henry fist her and he and First lady
Roosevelt designed and executed a colonial garden, the color your garden only lasted a little more than a decade, though, when Woodrow Wilson became president, Lady Ellen Wilson, removed Edith Roosevelt's design and replaced it with what most modern folks might think of as a classic element of the White House grounds, and that is the rose garden. It had been known as the West Garden prior to the redesign and after was completed. It was simply the rose garden in nineteen thirty, five, a name recognisable to many Frederick law. Homestead was brought in by Franklin Delano Roosevelt to reshape the gardens The design and olstad came up with his essentially been in place ever since, with changes to the garden still following the lines that he laid out in those changes focusing more on content shifts than any alterations to the footprint of the beds. Later Eleanor Roosevelt also planted vegetables per victory garden. It was
symbol of similar gardens being planted throughout the country to bolster the food supply, even through the nineteen fifty while the Rose garden was established by that name. It wasn't what Think of when we envision it today it was still a private garden. There was not like somewhere that the press would congregate. The rose garden didn't evolve into the current space as a place where press conferences and other ceremonies would take place till the Kennedy administration changes to the EAST garden were initiated during the Kennedy presidency, but didn't come to fruition until President Lyndon Baines Johnson was in office when the Garden completed. It was dedicated by First Lady Ladybird Johnson to Jackie Kennedy, although it is officially named the east garden. It is also sometimes referred to as the first ladies Garden or the Jaclyn Kennedy Garden. Johnson also spearheaded the creation of the children's garden at the White House in nineteen sixty nine, while the gardens and grounds themselves
of at least in a out state, pretty static for the second half of the twentieth century and into the twenty first. Their uses have really varied. The south law has become home to the traditional white Easter Egg Hunt when in two thousand and nine a portion of the south lawn near the tennis court was converted into a vegetable garden was done by First lady, Michelle Obama and chef Camp CAS within assessed from the students of Bancroft Ellen pre school he I imagine, ongoing changes will happen forever. So ok. We are about to get into the unpleasant realities of this building which we ve been talking about and which has become so. I conic and its links to enslave meant so before we do we're gonna, take a quick breath and have a little sponsor break this episode of stuff, you missed in history, glances brought to you by the home depot with the home, both decorating your home- is now easier than ever before. You just start by heading to home depot dot com where you can shop,
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this episode of documents in his reply is broadly by audible, dot, com, anytime I am going on a road trip with my husband, which I mean it's been a while, but it's one of the things we really loved to do. We always always always make sure we have an audio book cute up and ready to go and audible. Has there thousands, literally thousands of them to choose from and not just audio books. There is also the actual performance is guided. Those programmes, many things like just so many different things to choose from an well originals that you can only find it audible and nowhere else, I guess said thousands of times to choose from whatever your taste is. There is something that will work out for you and also you know. When you have time will you need to keep your minimal occupied with something like when your gardening, when you're walking, when you're doing the dishes audible
is great for that visit, audible, dot com, slash history, stuff or text history, stuff to five hundred five hundred. So we have been walking at great length about the White House and how it was built in all of this progress and renovation and dating and guard meaning, but we have to acknowledge that even through numerous early administrations and slave labour was part of the White House literally at its very foundations. It is not a part of its history that particularly comfortable, but it is an important part of this story. So you probably heard the quote from First Lady Michelle Obama, which are used in several events during her time, as First lady said
pretty famous quote I wake up every morning in a house that was built by slaves. So when she first said that a bunch of people really angry. We set it on the show one time and a bunch of people got really angry, but it's absolutely the truth. Slavery was a part of the president's home from the, beginning so we mentioned at the beginning of the first episode that New York in Philadelphia, both vied, to be selected by George Washington as the place where the president's permanent residents would be built. But slavery was a significant, a cure in those cities not being chosen both New York enfiladed yeah we're already working on anti slavery. Legislation at this point and George Washington, enslaved people- and he knew that moving the presidential household to one of these cities permanently would look really hypocritical and that it could come
is a contradiction of his public image as a liberator of the people, so the residence act of one thousand seven hundred and ninety, which we talked about a little in the previous, episode offered him away to avoid that problem by placing the seat of the government near Virginia where his home of Mount Vernon was also worth remembering. The land that was seated for the capital had come from two states Virginia and Maryland, which were both slave states we'd nodded to the fact that there was a lot of like backroom negotiation that happen in putting this act together and one piece of it was giving the southern slave states more power by having the capital located there yup. So the records from the huge construction effort to four to build the president's house teacher a lot of labourers by first names only, and that means those were enslaved men who had
hired out by their in slavery to work on the project so that at times you would see them listed as, for example, like John hired out by person doing So while there were Europeans in many of these skilled labour positions- and there were free men of color on the payroll, they were working right alongside men who were enslaved? The plan ahead- Originally bans hire a workforce made entirely up of european craftsmen, but they're just wasn't enough interest to establish a big enough workforce. For was needed, and that is when the ship was made to use both free and enslaved. Black labour to build not only the White House, but also the capital building and other necessary spaces for the new federal government from brick laying to Carpenter, two stone cutting and a lot of other jobs enslaved people were used for labour. Often they were true. Right there on the job and they cleared the land and the established roads and the infrastructure that allowed construction.
Place all while, as we said, working alongside paid labour and earning extra income for their in slavers, some of whom were the project. Commissioners, the hiring of enslaved labor is in the records kept by the commissioners, the earliest mention of it appearing on April 13th, one thousand seven hundred and ninety two which they lay out their plan to hire and people to make up this gap in their workforce. Their agreement was at the end neighbours would provide clothing in a blanket for each person and then in return. The commissioners would handle provisions needed for those. Bull and pay twenty one pounds per year per person to their and sleeper it's hard to find documents, haitian about the identities and the specific jobs of the in slaves workers. But the White House, Historical Association, has compiled a list of more than two hundred each associated with the person who hire them out, and the association continues to search for more information. To tie back to our previous episode with historian Stephanie Jones Roger is about
a book. They were her property. Some of those people who hired out enslaved people were women. There is only one enslaved woman listed in the commissioner's records, and she also has the unusual distinction of being listed with a last name. Her name was Catherine green. We do not, unfortunately, no anything else about the specifics of her work. There are also are some instances on the record and which, at its labour, was part of the construction staff and then also brought their own enslaved workforce to work alongside them collecting the federal funds for each them in addition to his own wages, even architects, James Home and hired out his enslaved workers for the project. Although there was a conflict with the commissioners when they found out that the work hope and people were doing was being paid at a higher rate than the standard. The last payment me Four slave labour for the initial construction of the president's home was made on June. Seventh. Eighteen hundred for the amount of
nineteen dollars and seventy three cents to an Enslaver name Joseph Queen, when the president's mansion burns in one thousand eight hundred and fourteen and slave labor was once again used to rebuild it as well as to landscape the grounds. Additionally, it was decided that the landscape of the surrounding area should be upgraded and slave labour, continued to be used in that endeavour. Also, he I will talk about in a little bit, but that went on for years. So students in the: U S, particularly of our generation, I think Tracy, when we first art were taught about the founding fathers. It was in this way the frame them as almost transcendent. Really like just regale, as these amazing humans some That is still the way people talk about them, but it's important to remember that they were human and many of them most of them participated in the institution of slavery of the first twelve present. So the United States only two are normally cited as having not been in slavers, those being John Adams,
John Quincy Adams, and even that statement is more common hated than it might seem at face value, but we're gonna get into that in the moment. So George Washington is estimated to have enslaved a hundred and twenty three people in his lifetime. For Thomas Jefferson, that number was six hundred James Madison one hundred James Monroe. Seventy five, I've, Andrew Jackson, two hundred Barton Van Buren, one William Henry Harrison: eleven John Tyler. Seventy James K pulp twenty five and Zachary Taylor a hundred and
If he and those numbers are totals of people in slaved by those president's in their lifetimes, not necessarily when they were president, but there was definitely and slave labour in the president's house for each of those men in the presidential household of George Washington at least ten enslaved people have been documented. At least eleven were documented at as part of Jefferson's time in the White House. James Madison had six enslaved workers in his White House, James Monroe. Thirteen Andrew Jackson, nine Martin Van Buren, for although not all their names were known, you'll notice. That is a higher number than what he's listed as having enslaved, there's, not necessarily always a direct correlation that it is a person that he was the direct and slaver of or would claim ownership over that person, but they are hired in through another way. That's why they're set discrepancy John Tie for James K poke for again, these are all in the White House Zachary Taylor. Eleven,
more than thirty enslaved people tend to the ground. In that we talked about from one thousand eight hundred and eighteen to eighteen, twenty one as part of that redesign of the gardens and the landscaping These numbers are also at least meaning. There could have been more These are just the numbers for which there is some sort of documentation, whether its and ledgers census records or journal entries made by the people in each household. A different president's had different levels of record keeping about how things ran. Like one of the reasons we know so much about Thomas Jefferson's, enslaved workforce is because he was very rigorous about keeping
notes in records and ledgers. Others were not as rigorous in that way. So it's a little bit trickier to identify what the situation really was. An enslaved workers feel just about every role that would be needed in the president's household, so they took the meals the attended to the horses in the stables they served as personal servants as Ladys, maids and valet's. They basically supported the household in every way, and the personal space that was set aside for the enslaved workforce was normally the attic or rooms on the ground floor, none of which were particularly comfortable, and there were often rodent issues coming up. You're going to talk about a couple of stories of presidents and their enslaved staff that you may have heard about. But then we will talk about some of the more difficult and nuanced topics related to how even ardent anti slavery. Leaders we're just not necessarily walking the walk and will do all that after a sponsor break.
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all the women who have been enslaved in the Washington household cause the president a great deal of embarrassment and probably anger. As a result, one of his wife, Martha's enslaved maids Ona, judge escaped to freedom. Ona was born into slavery at Mount Vernon to begin training as a maid when she was twelve and she was moved to New York with the first lady in one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine at the age of sixteen, when Ona Judge learned that she was going to be given to the Washington's granddaughter as a wedding gift. She took a chance and slipped out at dinner, one night, rather than being moved into the home of a woman who was known to have a temper and a man who she feared might sexually assault her. There was a notice placed in the Philadelphia Gazette offering a ten dollars. Reward
for the return of only judge, TAT was spelled in who had quote absconded from the household of the President of the United States, but Ona judge lived a free life after that. Although George Washington pursued her four years after leaving the prison Tom. She had made her way to a ship that left, Philadelphia and headed to New Hampshire stood that immediately and she worked there as a domestic, serve and she settled into a married life with a man named Jack's Danes who she meant after she had made her escape. Although king twice sent men that essentially trying to trick on a judge into returning to virgin she outwitted them both times and then George Washington died. She lived more or less on bothered, at least by this pursuit. In an interesting twist, Washington, stipulated in his will that when his wife, Martha died, all of their enslaved workforce was to be freed, which seems interesting,
during pretty much right up to the end. He was obsessed with this one person coming back yeah well and doing it. That way also meant that he was technically freeing the people use enslaving but without any inconvenience to him or his spouse? By has actually haven't enslaved, workforce anymore yeah. There's a lot of her story that I didn't get into here. It's been told in other places, but like the the things that really struck me are how much the King ten seems so shocked where their lake, but we treated her. A daughter and then later in her life own, a judge gave statements about her time being enslaved and she's, a God daughter that they own essentially lake to her, it was so obvious why this was a problem, but the wash it was very clear- did not really gets how that was incorrect because they felt like they were such good right.
They felt like they were the original troop of the kind slave owner yeah there's a, I M, pretty sure it's an episode of the pot gassed uncivil that tells this house. I don't remember if it is one of episodes where there is some profound in that show. So if you're gonna listen with kids, maybe If we really are anyway, that bad entire pod gases extremely good, a highly recommended Thomas Jefferson, has
then been written about ass sort of a walking paradox. He was a man that pan the preamble to the declaration of independence that was full of all this rhetoric, about all men being created, equal and the whole quote: life Liberty and the pursuit of happiness thing. While he was simultaneously enslaving scores of people because he was not thinking of them as actual people. When he was writing my language, he tried to blame slavery in the colonies on King George, the third and discarded passage that he wrote for the declaration of independence. He kept almost all of his enslave staff at Mana, cello away from his home in the capital, although he did have a smaller enslave staff at the capital when he was president and of course there is a relationship with Sally Hemmings. That's been a source of debate since, as presidency. At this point, like pretty much historians agree that that that he
Other children with her yeah there has been dna testing, definitely points in that direction. People will try to say that that was really a relative and not him like. I think why Marcelo was like no really like yeah yeah. They have a lot of writing about it and a lot of writing about Sally. This is on this, things where people like to debate this end sallies part in the relationship. The problem is that we don't have anything in her words to really inform any of this I remember in High school history humming a teacher that really wanted this to be romanticized, desperately in which there are plenty of people who still like that version, but I think it's really Orton. To remember, because one of the things that people point to as this being a romantic like an actual, caring for one another sort of relationship is that they had
and in Paris Sally had been brought to Paris with Jefferson. She was the made to one of his daughters that she had negotiated going back to the United States with him once again to be enslaved, because in France she was not considered property of any kind. And so people like what she must have loved him. She chose this life and it's like well. Ok, first of all, she was at the time said he was in a little bit of a desperate situation too. She was sick see Bryce, not a situation where this person really has agency in the relationship of any kind. Three like a sixteen year
who is with child in France, a country she does not come from. That's not really a choice in that time right. So I just if you are one of those people I hate to bust any bubbles, but like this one needs to be busted, because you can't really consider this a consensual leg, valid relationship if they had feelings for one another, the power play it like the power structure involved is just not one where she had any agency anyway. That was my soapbox about Sally Things tat are certainly more that you can who hung out with it keeps getting there. Also is where you can like. You can see people exercising the aid. See that they did have an sometimes people will like use that to be like well, she could a left because she chose to do these other things and, like that's, not the same thing as being on equal footing, the person whose enslaving you re and she was often Nego,
eating and looking at the future of her children right. That point, which is a whole other set of needs and values, and sacrifice that further shift that that power, They the stories of Washington, Jefferson and other early president's and their relationships with slavery, likely not new to many of our listeners, but. I wanted to make sure we go back and we talk about the atoms is because that becomes a lot more multi faceted. There's a closer examination that will reveal that they too certainly benefited from in slave labour, and I want, However, this not to vilify them because they are often held up as like, not these two. But I really think it's important to talk about this, so that we can underscore Just how institutionalized the practice of enslavement was so much so that people
in power who vocally spoke out against. It were also passively part of it, and sometimes not so passively for one of the trick: ear parts of the accounting of enslaved people in the president's residents, as during the administration of John Quincy Adams, while the household of his father, John Adams, at various times, may have hired in and slave labour, it's a little bit unclear, but in the case of John Quincy Adams, while he did not and slave anyone. Personally in terms of direct ownership, there were at least two and slave for who lived in the president's home while he was an office so to set the groundwork here. First, Lady Louisa, Adamses, sister Nancy Helen and her husband, Walter Helen, did enslaved people. Louis other did as well, but they were certainly not the only people in the Adams as life who participated in slavery and
We talked about in a previous episode alive, show that we did it Adams, National historic part about the time that we and John Quincy spent abroad when he was serving as a diplomat in that they were away that mere decade. Washington D, see really had this big growth spurt became a busy metropolitan city, and so when they turned. They returned to a place. That was much more populated and a lot of households with much more affluent people had been established and at that point slavery had I'm very common because most of the domestic servants were enslaved people and, while the atoms of may have hated the institution, they definitely had people in their social circle who had and slave labour. They were probably served by an enslaved workforce when making social calls it
have been almost impossible for that not to be the case. But the major issue of enslaved people living in the White House in John Quincy Adams is term, goes back to Louise's family is a little tricky to follow, but when least sister Nancy Helen dyed, her husband, Walter Helen married another of Louisa Sisters, Adelaide and then what died and Adelaide at that point, had four children on her hands ages, fifteen to one year old, the Bay he had been the only child from her marriage to Walter. The others were her sisters, children, and his Adelaide health got a little bit worse over time. John Wednesday and Louisa took two of the children, Mary and Johnson into their home, and they likely those two children brought with them in servants that they had inherited from
Father John Quincy Adams, reference to quote whole thee, the black boy belonging to Johnson Helen and his diary, that February of eighteen, twenty eight and that entry sadly marks Holies death from consumption. But it also mentions the holy been living with them for several years and the second record of an enslaved person in the John Quincy Adams Whitehouse involves a woman named Rachel Clark, so when Mary Catherine Helen, married Louisa and John Quincy son, John Adams, the second in eighteen. Twenty eight may filed manumission papers for Rachel Clark that same day, and it is likely that Rachel, moved into the atoms is home with Mary. This lines up with an one thousand, eight hundred and twenty census record that mentions and enslaved girl of fourteen living in the household.
Back reasons for Rachel's Menu mission on the Bay of Mary's wedding are really a matter of speculation. You could have been a condition of the marriage, for the atoms is whether it was a moral issue or even just want to public image, and it also could have been a matter of legality. Mary may not have had the power to the vest herself of her and slaves, help until a marriage or a certain day according to the terms of the inheritance. So even in the case of a family that was out spoken against the institution of slavery, there was a deep complexity to their relationship with the institution. Yeah there's also speculation that because they were going after Andrew Jackson so hard for his participation in slavery, that was like this. You gotta get rid of this. This is not good for us. President Zachary Taylor was the last president to enslave people, while in office
when he died in eighteen, fifty, the free black population of Washington DC had grown considerably. It was at that point nearly double that of the enslaved black population. Slavery was not abolished in the nations capital for another twelve years that was marked by the Emancipation ACT of eighteen sixty two, not the most up with people topic now, but I think it so important because I feel egg, as our country is coming to terms with a lot of problems that have been here involving racism that stem from this period of time. We have to acknowledge that the very foundations literally of a government, that was founded on the idea of freedom were laid by people who were not free right. I don't want to mess with anybody's love of a historical figure, but we gotta acknowledges stuff, always super important
everybody's complicated. No one is all good or all evil. That's what ST yeah. So I hope that is food for thought and that it, you know, gives count to sum up what we're living through today rate Lake yeah yeah. This is where it all started. The passage of Thomas Jefferson, where he wants to blame the whole thing on George, the third. There might have been some swear at my house. Last Thomas Jefferson sits no sense of personal responsibility of mayor. I have Ducas use that this up and the only way I'm gonna function, yeah, I'm sorry what we have the color of his other writing recently on the show and makes it clear the how he viewed people of Africa. To said yes, now, Thomas Jefferson, you problematical
Ok, do you wanna hear funless near mail to kind of b a pallet linzer? I do. Actually it is from our listener Christina, and it is about our Thomas Dorsey episode. I have been a long time listener of the show as a lever of history and especially personal stories. I was absolutely thrilled when I realized a little personal connection to your episode on Thomas Dorsey see. I live in Columbus, Georgia, home of more rainy many times called them. Of the blues growing up my dad made it a point, who actively show me the history of my city, so Marines House was a place we visited and read about many times. Music from his era has always been one of my favorites, but here is the seemingly insignificant personal connection to Thomas Dorsey during my teenage here's. Every day I drove down Dorsey Drive on my way home Dorsey drowned,
honestly, I have no idea it was. This is named after Thomas Dorsey, but the sentimental person I am hopes it is. I listen to his music and I was hit to the Core- is how much feeling it conveyed as he had connections tomorrow, rainy. I do wonder if he spent some time in Columbus and walk the very same steps. I have thank you for listening to this. Possibly and sing connection I love listening to y'all and keep up the great work. Email hear something even connections, you think or insignificant mean that you were thinking about history in your place in it. So I love it just the same as like. That's, I think, that's kind of part of what drives for the trees, I could do this because you know it's our research pay, a week, essentially which can be a lot of work. But then, when you realise that people are using that too, to figure out their place in the bigger history in their connections to things we talked about to me that is immensely rewarding, so thinking thinking Christina. If you would like to write to us, you can do so at history I guess it I radio dot com. You can also find us on social.
Here are our handle is missed in history and you can also subscribe to the podcast. So you never. Something you can do that on the a hurry, app and apple podcast or wherever it is This step, you missed in history class, the production of a radio for more Part It's for my heart, radio visit by her radio have added mankind's or wherever you listen to your favorite shows this episode of stuff. You miss history, glass is brought to you by the home depot. Did you know that the home depot have everything for every room from statement, furniture and decorative decor to kitchenware and bedding and bath linens. You can browse thousands of options for every space at home, depot dot com save up to ten percent. When you use the code history clasped hands check out. Get free delivery on select items, forty five dollars or more for more
information visit home depot dot com, slash decor. This episode, brought you by the home depot. Did you know that I'm depot has everything for every room from statement, furniture pieces and decorative decor too can wear and bedding and bath linens. You can break thousands of options for every space at home, Debo dot com, we recently perch we table which sits in our entryway in to the ambience of haunted mansion Sheikh that we're going for save up to ten percent. When you use code history class ten at check out and get free delivery on select items, forty five dollars or more for more formation visit home depot dot com, slashed a core.
Transcript generated on 2020-08-26.