For centuries, doctors have prescribed drugs they knew weren't real - but that still somehow worked. It wasn't until the 1980s that the placebo effect, the phenomenon where an inert substance can have a genuine impact on a patient's recovery, was studied.
Learn more about your ad-choices at https://www.iheartpodcastnetwork.com
This is an unofficial transcript meant for reference. Accuracy is not guaranteed.
This podcast dynamically inserts audio advertisements of varying lengths for each download.
As a result, the transcription time indexes may be inaccurate.
What are you something amazing discover matches all the cash back. You earn at the end of your first year automatically with no limit to how much still match millions of people a year, getting their cash back matched discover cash back match. What are you waiting for their more discover, dot com, slash cash back match, welcome to study, should now friend asked for external aid and welcome the Pakistan Josh Clark Charles of each right. There's jerry. See, though, do sir now those bad shock. Yes, never heard it to work for civil purposes. You know me tell everybody I shall see now:
I will please. I shall please healthy we'll see about that. I shall please met in Latin. Yes, so Pussy Bow Airways her to perceive oh Anne, famously the placebo effect you anywhere that comes from the policy were affected. Now the workplace, either. Oh yeah fourteenth century referred to hired mourners at funerals.
What they would hire mourners in place of family members and they would start their morning wailing with the morning but is in M O. You are right.
Placebo domino in regime, the forum, which means I shall please the Lord in the land of living, but in that it means placebo this article set. It carries the combination of substitution, we're here. That is fantastic stuff. I thought so. This is from placebos impossibile effects in medicine, colon historical overview by kissing cap, Chuck Green in Legion of catch up. That guy is high quality. Oh yeah yeah, a lot of it
fix her directly. I gotta catch is at Harvard. Let me tell you a bit about to capture Ellie Coney Island gap. Jokes. I just raised a lot of sceptics hackles because some people see him as a huckster fraud or everything is rife placebos. These people would probably have a problem with us even talking seriously about the placebo.
In the first place near so I don't know that it's a really big deal that I just raise their hackles, but take care check, is a former owes me fifty bucks. Let me tell you about catch here now, he's a former acupuncture rest
and he apparently had some sort of epiphany one day when he was he was treating somebody and they started to feel better before it. Even
the acupuncture, so he started wondering Ike, ok, what's going on here and he asserted investigating a placebo effect and
in short order. He ended up as an instructor at Harvard and
aim one of the leading researchers into the placebo effect.
It is a really strange journey because Harvard Medical School doesn't usually higher. Acupuncture tourists
and he had a kind of a rocky road at first, like you didn't know what he was doing with clinical trials and he got publicly com.
The New England Journal of Medicine and
over the years over the decades. I think this is the eighties daddy. I'm really started to look into it. He, I guess it became the foremost researcher in in coming up with quality clinical trials, for trying to get to the root of what the placebo effect is and how to use. What years worth was that you know where he started doing thou, but when was that
When he was started all that stuff, you got called out and I think a two thousand one if you allow New England Journal Medicine, basically for not using a control group in his placebo study,
So you know when you you do a study. You have a placebo group which is your control group and that basically,
yes, I'm giving you real medicine, but I'm good
Jerry Sugar Pill and in a proper study.
No whose getting this european, whose getting the medicine scope double blind right. We saw in it if you're studying just a placebo effect
I should be giving you a placebo and I should be giving Jerry no treatment whatsoever to truly. I thought you need to three people, one with a real treatment, one with pussy born one with no treatment. It's another way to do it at the very least there,
you need the placebo group and somebody who's receiving no treatment, gotcha, say yeah if we're gonna get well. If you do
good science researching into the possible effect, but what's ironic is
hold double blind placebo study, came about because the policy will affect us first noticed by western practitioner by the new Doktor Henry Beecher, who are more aware.
You supposedly saw a nurse give a shot of sailing into a soldier
because they had run out of morphine, but the nurse told them
was morphine, and the soldier responded to this
Sally like it was morphine and from that feature was like what is going on here, started to investigate the perceive a fact and ended up proposing the double blind, placebo study to prove the efficacy of drugs. That gives that, further than that,
and what's here, try seventeen eighty five, the new,
call dictionary. They described the placebo as a commonplace method or medicine and then a short time later
Eighteen, eleven and Quincy's lexicon medical. He define their placebos and epithet given to any medicine adapted more to please than to benefit the patient like Heroin, thereon it back in the early eighteen hundreds, which is surprising yeah
by me, like that, the basis of the snake, oil and huckster is right. The air, while they call him bread, pills back, then cause. I guess it was. It was probably some sort of like pill made of yeast is my guess, K and Thomas Jefferson
eighteen o seven, even the recorder, what you got the pious fraud. They observe quote that one of the most successful physicians, I've ever known, has assured me that he used more bread, pills, drops of colored water and powders of hickory ash than all other medicines put together.
People treated people, read bills and early eighteen hundred. That was a thing and like they were way onto the placebo effect than in the fact that it seem to work
and another dude named John Hogarth
we eighteen hundreds, actually started performing the first studies on placebos effect, an arm.
Said it went back to the renaissance idea that amount
nation was the major mediator between body in mind, which is starting to be proven, is possibly correct
this pretty interesting in nineteen. Thirty is this: when they started publishing papers on the placebos, an actual doing clinical trials,
and they say one other points in the nineteen thirty, with confidence aroused in a treatment, the encouragement afforded by new procedure
like just people getting treated in a new way. People say oh on this is gonna work and maybe they work and then were up to the forties, were Beecher comes along notices. The placebo effect himself ultimately comes up with the double blind, placebo, based study and was ironic about that is the placebo based double bind. Study ultimately has
back off into the study a placebo again, because there are so many trials where the placebo was more effective than the drug, even though the drug worked, but the placebo
Finally, in the ninety nine, these people are like what is going on here. We need this.
This thing in and of itself. We have because one of the things I had no idea, I thought placebos were only use in studies for efficacy rates. I did not know that they are, there, are doctors always have been and still are
robbing placebos year as medicine unknowingly, even though they're not supposed to look at it
later, no knowingly,
no unknowingly for the patient right, even other supposed to tell the patient yeah but we'll get that toward the end, but I had no idea that they were prescribing placebos.
Yeah and in their defence a lot of times. Doctors are carrying out a tradition where they don't have any thing else to prescribe there, but they can't said if they say that to their patient the patients a thing I got off its suffer so at the very least they can use the last is it did to tempt
being psychological trickery take this year. Yanhamu knocking at this was surprised to learn that that will happen here. I'm wondering if I've ever been given a placebo and it makes me feel bomb has a patient to say like
in that way. What are we gave? You really helped in the doctors like
It's the same thing is that I shall bring of like giving somebody non alcoholic beer and tell you ass, real beer lighting and make it out of the cells getting drunk exactly the same thing. So, let's talk about placebo,
We assume that everybody knows what placebo is, but what's the find it a little more clearly the placebo effect, specifically, that is the very real phenomenon that people when given a pill
or a some sort of medical intervention that Gilbert yes,
The latter, even though what they ve been given, is not medicine and is,
not actually real intervention here and the placebo is the appeal itself that that is the placebo and the effect is a way.
Described rain. It doesn't have to be a pill, it can be an injection, it can be fake surgery, em,
the true and it doesn't even have to be firm, ecologically inert. It can be a vitamin or like an aspirin, even though some argue that's not a true placebo, but sometimes us what the doctor will give you write and call it a medication, but they're they're very,
and things like a sugar pill. Yeah, like you, said, pharmacological inner and astoundingly
depending on the size of the pill, the shape of the pill, the color, the pill, people have different effects and responses to these things that are just sugar
So there's some really strange psychological things going on here and at first for a long time
everybody just kind of assumed. It was just psychology that we were taking ourselves into feeling better.
Or we hadn't really felt bad in the first place right and we are being tricked into
not feeling bad any longer earlier, not thinking. We were feeling bad in like an offshoot of hypochondria, maybe very much so yeah as they this autumn,
as they been shown to work in about thirty percent of patients, and there was actually this based on features finding. It was like thirty, thirty five point:
yeah, that's what he found out and nineteen fifty five, that's what they're still basing them on yeah, but there's been other studies that have gone back through.
Your studies and said no, no, no, that's not that much. Other people have found at the sixty percent respond to it right and basically one of the big questions is: is it a psychological effect or are their actual actual physical?
responses that are going on and has been a lot of research. Lately, that's pretty interesting ethnic rights. So, like we're saying the
the initial idea was that it was all psychological right, yeah
Well, I guess we can talk about the two effects. The subject expectancy effect, which is basically.
If you know the result ahead of time in the pill, you're gonna think you're gonna end up feeling that result rights of this thirty percent. That's what a blind study seeks to prevent is right. I expected see effect right also the observer expectancy effect, which is what a double blind study, seeks to prevent. Yet that's important because it's a different, because it's all self reported right.
Which is always a little here now thinking right. So the other idea, if it has a psychological basis that is classical conditioning right, that we are raised from birth to think that is
it gives you a pill you're going to respond to it because it has medicine yet, and that is not self reported that his actual seeing physical responses right and with classical conditioning established, very famously by power,
love and his dogs right. You are you're having you responding physically to psychological stimulus. Yes,
right, so you you are getting a physiological respond. So classical conditioning, eventually Canna came to be them viewed as the more reasonable explanation. What was going on right, because it, the study after study for city, has shown that we are having a fish.
Our reaction to these inert placebo here, one of them in two thousand to from you see, lays Neuro Psychiatric Institute. They had a couple of groups of patients and a lot of this placebo studies or for mental conditions, not all of them, but a lot of money or in like the clinical trials, yeah yeah,
exactly to this, one was for any depressants and they had to groups that got experimental drugs like real drugs. And then the third was given the placebo.
Spend a few weeks on these pills and monitor their brain activity with the old e g one.
Machine as well as on the wonder machine them are as one of its it's a wonder machine. Not do you want
in the patients on the placebo, reported positive effects and should greater increase of brain activity than those who had responded to.
Drug? I remember that it was the study.
Yeah, totally undermined people's faith in depresses
While on the other end of like the whole nineties, where everybody was on anti depressants- and I wasn't, this study came out and was like personally to these things- even work right,
It was kind of taken the opposite way rather than wilder. Placebo effect is really something it was well
need a presence array fraudulent right
China. Will, I wonder what they were trying to? It was a placebo study, the right yeah, so gonna backfired or yesterday even care. Now I think you re very much care because their when compared to proceed with the whole point of right drug trial is to show that this
It is more effective than placebo, it's more effective than the imagination right right and, if its, not, then that means that drugs should be brought to market. Even though now the thinking is more like that's, not necessarily true, because we're coming to understand the placebo effect can be very
powerful, especially depending on the individual, to hear the Fisher. The interesting thing about
study is when the e g lit up an activity was in different parts of the brain. The I think the placebo patients had the prefrontal cortex was lighting up right and basically that says that the brain is it being fooled. It's just doing something different yeah: they they respond better to the treatment than the people who responded to the drug yeah. So some people did responded the drug but different parts of the brain or activated by the drugs and the people,
responded well did a placebo, that's right, even though they felt better, that's mind. Boggling, it is so they had. They reached the same conclusion, but using it totally.
Region in the brain and actually felt better, there was the first study to prove that there is a physiological responds to policy both or last. There is a dental study from the seventies that I think was the first that showed
If you blocked endorphins, which our natures pain reliever. Here you can also blocked a placebo effect so that the people weren't responding to the placebo, like you, would expect them to a pain, relief, a placebo yet
because they were able to release their natural pain, relievers yeah, that's backed up, I guess by this two thousand for
from the University of Michigan, the Wolverines yeah.
A basically demonstrated that it is related to endorphin specifically, so they set backs up a study. We can welcome so here's the thing.
It's, not bad study was related to endorphin, specifically other studies have found that it can be related to how much a person expresses dopamine specifically right. So there's like this idea that there is a genetic basis to a predisposition to placebos yeah, but I think that its depending on the drug or the effect that you're trying to induce using the possible effect because think about it.
If you are somebody who naturally produces more endorphins in somebody else here, you're going to naturally produced more endorphins when its triggered by a
see bow then somebody who doesn't produce more endorphins, naturally yeah, so there's a genetic basis to it. I guess, but I think the genetic basis
is that the individual must be predisposition to be able to have that genetic response right to the drug or the placebo, and have that that that I guess response to it. Yet it like you said it's also personal, because they found that it is even affected by a person's personal experience. With past pills by the color of the pill, the shape and size of the bill will have a different reaction, because the person had maybe took another little blue pill for something else. Sure
Billy Blue pills ends in particular, is known to be tat. Sedative effects, as placebos red pills are known to have stimulating campaign. Relieving affects a placebo as either they may Viagra Blue near, like inevitably marketed it as the little bluebell right, interesting set sedative that, yes,
the Turk, were not right now
will we get more stuff about all this
I'm not, but on our again till the next, its grab a great now yeah, but we're gonna come right back at his message
yeah like inevitably marketed it as the little blue pill, interesting set sedative that yes,
exercise, save more money will have on this. We have a resolution that you can really work with stop wasting time going to the post office that right, you stamps dot com instead because they bring all the services of the Eu S postal service right to your computer, with your small business sinning invoices
or packages or an online seller shipping out products stamps that can handle it all with ease yank it. This was simply come you get five cents off every first class stamp in up to forty percent of priority mail. This right? U S, postage twenty four, seven for any letter, any package, any class anywhere you want to send it! There's no risk and using our promo code, Ass white ass, gay you're gonna get this
offer afore weak trial, plus free postage and a digital scale, and there are no long term commitments or contracts just go to stamp that come click on the microphone off the top of the home page and type in s. Why, as K that stance, I come promo code S, why S K stamps outcome,
or go to the post office. Again, all right, we're back, but
I tell you what we're gonna talk about something that I had never heard, of which I think is super interesting. I know the no seo effect.
It is super cool, and that is when well there's a couple of things. That is when you are taking a placebo and you experience. Maybe the effects of the pill, which is great and the side effects of that bill that you think might be with the you're supposed to have rights
You actually experiencing side effects that aren't shouldn't be their right and these are the sugar, but they noticed this in clinical trials to because, when you're carrying out a clinical trial, you have to warn the patient's. Yet this drug may give you these terrible side effects.
And so they started noticing like people who were who were on placebo, were still experiencing the side effect physical reactions like hives yeah, an aging and things right. So there is a there
negative side to perceive as well enough seeber means I shall harm like placebo means. I shall please yeah, and they found that in. This is definitely backed up by the idea that its classical conditioning they found a people who have gone through chemo,
European Year can become nauseated when they enter a room. That's painted the same colors, the room where they received chemo before they make sense here. So there's all sorts of ways that the no seeber effect can pop up. It's pretty mind boggling as well yet, and that no see Welkin doesn't even have to be just with a policy that you can experience.
It affects and are on the list of a real drug because of what we are talking about, because it looked like another pill you might have had before yeah man, the brain, powerful stuff, so go about the cat check, who I'm the kind of fan of illiteracy. Fifty yeah, I think your fear into like a long form articles which I love there go to Harvard magazine and search for the placebo phenomenon in its profile at him. In his work,
It's really interesting stuff, but he was saying that you can have in line with the idea that, like the color, the pillars shape of the pill will have an effect. One are either I'm in a civil war, the possible effect right. He was saying that it seems, like the basis of the placebo effect, is what's called ritual. Yeah ritual is. It involves everything from like the physicians bedside manner to how expensive the patient thinks. The pill is here to how effective the patient thinks the pillars, and he did a study where he carried out what was called schmaltz ie, like a small t care to where huge lavishing attention on it and telling them how badly he felt there.
Going through this pill is really effective, with your condition and apparently that's the study, but other studies show that there is a positive correlation between the ritual, yeah and response.
The placebo affect the more you think that this drug is expensive, but this drug is affected. That is efficient, cares about you, the greater of a placebo response, you're going to have yeah yeah. I had ever been accused of being a hypochondriac by anyone know it's gotta be very demeaning. It is because it happened to me now you
I went to the emergency room in New York. As you know, when we were up there recently for a trip, I went to the e r yeah yeah and make them suffer. It was something
that was the result of his ears.
Throwing up and nausea from. I learned from my auntie inflammatory, fills us thinking at the time, for something else had nothing to do with the insect and they figure that out, but they kept in the sky call them nurse Jackie.
Just like nurse jackets abuser, a dude he kept coming by entreated me with things and give me the ivy drip, announcer dude, I'm not feeling better and I'm not a hyper.
Drachen anyway, I didn't go the doktor for like eighteen year straight wet, and I could tell you
get me like. I got one of these guys we're mid seeking yeah
I would like now no, and I could tell I could sense it-
so we finally gaming this thing to drink that I'm knocked me out. I woke up like twenty minutes later and felt felt better. While I was it,
Member was something the gateway now like three different things like a cocktail of stomach pleasing things, and I was the stuff that, like numbs, you know my throat in I can't remember wider came out.
In a word from Petya worked, I woke up, I feel better. I certainly none of us are not just now and they were checked
reached up, I felt by my ear. For some reason, it felt like a golf ball behind my ear and it'd popped up now.
Twenty minutes, while does literary leaving us like a wait a minute. I got this thing behind my ear. All of a sudden and this guy looks
like they call the doktor over and she was like it's very swollen at your lymph nodes, but he wasn't there for that. So he came back overs ago what you say and said what she says. This won't let
and he said that your hypochondriac and I was so mad it nurse Jackie here, like dude, look at its huge
making this up- and I start defending myself like I- never go to doctors and I'm not one of those people, and he was he- was a girl she's getting us getting in
Can you give it it? May it totally made me feel like a church,
I'm a media heads in it's like you. If they happen to you a lot to a minute. That's love your hypochondriac, but now
every man maybe felt and Anna he was getting, but it made me feel really bad like I'm in there. This was the syndrome when chosen is at it. Yeah yeah we did want enough is rather too near anyway. Sorry about that debt. Well, I'm sorry that there,
When do you think that is the earth, but you mention the ivy yeah guarantee those sailing and that's a placebo in itself now mean they told me that I mean they didn't say like that. This is the wonder back, but there's basically I'm no reason to give you sailing.
Solution well to hydrate me. I guess if I'd been thrown up, oh yeah, ok, but I'm yeah. I guess you're right, though, does he like something dripping in Europe? Would surely that's gotta be great doing something get well. One interesting thing is back to placebos. There have been studies that have shown that if you dont tell the patient what
supposed to do that they dont work is well yet even found that with drugs that they know for a fact, work. Ria, if you dont tell them it won't work yeah they they did a placebo vase child with a painkiller and painkiller prove more effective than placebo.
And then they did another trial with the same painkiller. Didn't tell anybody what it was and it didn't work interesting, and then, conversely, this the one that gives me the study where they
crazy? I know you're gonna be used an injection that they put in the patient's jaws and study. Incidents are for me, give induce paint like that was the point they are trying to induce pain and so
His jaw using men harmless but painful jaw injection there and they would
Jack sailing into the jar to keep the patient self reported pain level, steady throughout the study and then
It is another injection and gave them sailing but told them.
This was a pain reliever in everybody's pain across the board dropped as a result. In the study
People perceive a fact. I just sit around rattle of studies. All day is pretty interesting when you think about overcoat. It seems kids, don't you could call placebo anyway, I think is unnecessary. Well, over cap is perceive us fell backwards, obviously, and that in two thousand eight was, I guess, sort of in
did. I not invented the coins and packaged by a mother. I think Australia named GIN Butner. She austrian that exact set an australian last night and I think there is such a thing, and so that's basically placebos for kids its market, as you can see
I a bottle of overcoat and its four when your kid is feeling good, but you keep. But you know your kids, not sick. That kind of thing right, and so you give the kid the pill and it makes you feel better, and some people have problems with this and say your teaching, your child. It you get relief from pills. Only right when you know don't necessarily need to be taking pills, overtime and proponent, say you know what it's it's. The same thing is
but you keep. But you know your kids not sick, that anything right, and so you give the kid the pill and it makes you feel better in some people have problems with this and say your teaching, your child. It
I had a whole bottle of unwanted than ours, and I know about those are vitamins who is children's aspirin
Oh oh, oh they run an orange flavoured yeah totally member that yeah, I think, there's probably a placebo. I remember the case.
Secondly, since that there good disguise attainable bottle of successful affected in eating it took no sugar pills. I have
so because even remember I was older thinking like a polish intervene that Holbein, because his medicine and watched it down with a sky, and I was right- I was fine afterward well, they do have leisure baby aspirin, although they started out everything so start you talk about doubt. There are plenty of criticisms of all this and we'll talk about it later.
Here's the thing: saving money with Geico was almost better than playing pick up basketball, because there's always that guy who joins your game
he never passes the rock he constantly bricks theories and who completely
you and then put his hands up and say no foul, no foul with Geico, it's easy to switch
save on car insurance. No,
the vacant fake, an ankle sprain because you're absolutely exhausted so
which in save with Geiger it's almost better than sport, so check I'm big time in a placebo effect, Agatha your big terminal perceive effect. There are people who are not the true there,
It raises plenteous scepticism, which again is one of the reasons why my hat off to take Catholic, because he has responded to the criticism- is adjusted his mind
ology he's doing really good science in the investigation of the possible effect. I like that guy still sceptic,
say there are a lot of things that you can use to explain away the placebo effect. For example, it's possible the person was actually hypochondriac yeah. They weren't actually sick. In the first place, yeah it's possible that some people get better with no treatment. Yeah, it's possible that some diseases do treat themselves.
They'll just get better over the course of time. You want anything if you overlay a placebo effect through a placebo and any put that over the same course of time right. It's gonna look like it was the placebo that did it when really it's he'll itself here, which is why the tricks covered studies, where there is one group that has not given any medication whatsoever were exactly which makes sense. So I'm a born of the other criticisms, though, is that, if a doctor
is saying in there are, like you, said plenty of doctors who do this. Yet there there were studies that found that the two thousand seven study from the universe in Chicago from forty five percent of two hundred doktor surveyed in Chicago area had prescribed placebos before
Yes, I'm point during their career and two thousand eight, they did a little more robust one, six hundred doctors all across the. U S and half of them said that they had prescribed placebos.
This is like this is still going on the things pretty widespread there and the criticism is well. Burmese. Doctors are lying there, patients their using deception to practice, medicine in that's unethical.
So the air may came out with its guidelines. That's kind of flies in the face of the placebo affected. The idea there. If you give somebody a placebo and tell them it's a placebo that it
shouldn't work, which is not necessarily true, yeah, two thousand six they make him came out and said quote: physicians may use placebos for diagnosis or treatment. Only if they are patient is informed and agreed to it. To me that means it's not a placebo. I mean I guess it is, but if you know it is I dont get it like. What's the point of a doktor coming in saying, gonna give me the sugar pill
What would you like a prescription for sugar pills uneasy? Yes, I worked. Supposedly there are studies that show the placebo effect is still pastel. Work here is sometimes but the
across the board. Pretty much. Everyone believes that, if a placebo effect as a real thing, the cat out of the behavior,
It is part of the imagination there and there you, you kind of, have to follow the person in the thinking that it's a real thing. The expectation coupled with imagination provides the placebo effect here in this article,
thought you were not just saying these doctors relying wires, apparently one one tack that a doctor can take is to say I have something that I think can help by donor. Exactly know what the deal is with it or how it works, but I'll give it to you. If you want to try it- and you know people are a lot of people are, like sure, I'll. Try anything right, exactly. That's not really deception, because if the doctors of prescribing a placebo here, she of
the does believe in the policy of facts. So here she does think it could work but doesn't know how or if it only really does work and thirty percent of the population. Then you ve got a seventy percent chance of striking out anyway, with this course of treatment, so you're back to where I started to begin with and again with its kept their false one of them
the point bribery. Now again, we should say that a lot of physicians who do prescribe placebos, I'm just doing it the toy with their patients doing because they think that their patient will suffer more.
Thou nature or they just don't- have anything that could be used to address the patient's problem like they can't find anything medically wrong with the patient, a bid to saying that the patient second help. So here's a sugar pill near the other tat the doktor can take to check is to say, hey new patient welcome my practice. Let me tell you about it.
Cyber effect and in the course of me treating you sometime during your lifetime, I may find that a placebo be the best thing to use here. Are you ok with me doing that to you at some point, possibly better, like signing up for my own personal LE long term study,
kind of you as a doctor, but wouldn't you from that point on be like use Gimme the to see whether the surplus, neither I nor simplicity I would know which way was up my gonna- how to feel that's the better worst side effects. None and the other tech doctors can take- is to knock off early hit. The golf course which they do their own over on tv. That's the citizen old bit, trope like yeah cops in their down. At that juncture, engulf the Angolans pretty accurate, I mean Kadesh asked the doktor was doktor. Beeper use. You just got mad all the time I now those judge Mouth Doktor beeper was. He was just one of the guys that one of the four some ok
I think he played there was a buck. Henry was either doctor. No, I can take a picture, the guy, it's fuckin, that things will figure this out of line
However, that yeah
If you want to know more about a placebo effect in believe us, there is plenty more to know about it. You can type. Those two words in the search bar has two works: that com
and since I said that suffer listen to me
I'm gonna call this australian last name. This is, he says, dear just checking Jerry and anyone else. I should think- and I think we never mention other people that support us. Then we are to talk about an austrian listening yet knows the job. Ok, it's called a call back,
got it. I just felt occasion this listener. Mailer made me realize that we not think other folks a lot besides Jerry, unlike Nolan Matt, but must do that now. Ok, like Rebecca Rebecca, is what your official title and even though its huddled producer web producer, maybe you any she
these are website that makes everything with great care and sherry, even though we do our own social media sharing their social media for house of works, dance you like throws the US a lot of us and helps the satellite and Joe our body Joe Joe
anywhere else. I met Canada Crack staff.
We're answering our only pebbles inward.
Doing a lot of our own stuff. It doesn't mean we don't have help. We have done to help the alleged one say things that it is very nice of each tanks everywhere,
I figured six years and seven years and we might watch out some of our help.
So this from Alex and he said to think anyone else. You don't know about any from earth, Western Australia, which is nothing like Eastern Austria
I'm a nineteen year old, aspiring electrician trapped in the depths of Western Australia mining downturn. I didn't
in the mining sector, have been unable to find an apprenticeship.
I would have lost hope if it weren't for you guys I was just after
is. It was just after the your generous six twenty fourteen when I came across the magical production called stuff. You should know as at the time of this writing it is
it may tenth and I have finished the epic adventure of six hundred episodes plus us in a very short time. My friend he added
It's been an amazing journey and I want to thank you for point me through the hard day's resume running in delivering a long days awaiting previously were mine numbing, but have since been filled with interesting, insightful and overall, incredible joyful content. My favorites gene patents, lobotomies Andy masterfully, dictated hallowing episodes. We like this to some there's a Christmas. I think it's the best, so cute exists existential crisis after you guys forming such an integral part of my life over the past five
I'm going to acclimate myself to just to a week, and we hear that a lot for people who mainline the show yeah there's a girl of withdrawal period, yeah and I've done that with tv shows. You know I did it for you may laugh at me. I need it out. Just like you sincerely say thank you to both of you and Jerry, and anyone else for pulling me through. The signs of the future contains a stable job for myself. More content for yourselves to pass on to the starfish no army in an ever growing fan base that you can both whew with your dulcet tones and enlightening information. Yours faithfully, that is Alex Gettings from path
Alex you. Thank you very much, love anybody, Jobbery yeah for sure fear. In person you looking for an electrician contact, Alex he shockingly good
I suggest that there were ending on their own
you wanna get in touch with us. You can treat to satisfy escape. I guess I can join us on Facebook. That council is that we should now you. Can.
This an email to stuff Podcast House efforts that calm and, as always
at our home on the web, so you should know doc.
For more on this and thousands of other topics as a house off work. Stockholm, dear young rockers, upon cast coming of age story about finding a home in rock music and learning to flourish in your own weird way. It's also a series of letters of nice to my younger self ass. She navigates pashas, adolescence seals with social inside each body, issues and relationships and discovers a transformative tower visa during wrapper comes from double Elvis productions is created and hosted by mutual citizen and executive produced by Jig Brennan of disgrace. Land episode, one drops ones, they generate fifty, listen to dear young locker. On the I hurt radio up, apple pod costs, or were you get your podcast?
Transcript generated on 2020-01-15.